Topic:Organizational behavior From Wikiversity Jump to: navigation, search Organizational Behavior is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups and structure have on behavior within organizations, for the purpose of applying such knowledge toward improving an organization’s effectiveness.
An organization is a collection of people who work together to achieve a wide variety of goals, both goals of the various individuals in the organization and goals of the organization as a whole. Organizations exist to provide goods and services that people want. These goods and services are the products of the behaviors of workers.
Organizational behavior is the study of the many factors that have an impact on how individuals and groups respond to and act in organizations and how organizations manage their environments. Although many people assume that understanding human behavior in organizations is intuitive, many commonly held beliefs about behavior in organizations, such as the idea that a “happy worker is a productive worker,” are either entirely false or true only in specific situations. The study of organizational behavior provides a set of tools—concepts and theories—that help people understand, analyze, and describe what goes on in organizations and why. How do the characteristics of individuals, groups, work situations, and the organization itself affect how members feel about their organization?
The ability to use the tools of organizational behavior to understand behavior in organizations is one reason for studying this subject. A second reason is to learn how to apply these concepts, theories, and techniques to improve behavior in organizations so that individuals, groups, and organizations can achieve their goals. Managers are challenged to find new ways to motivate and coordinate employees to ensure that their goals are aligned with organizational goals.
Organizational Behavior addressess following points:
Organizational behavior studies the factors that impact individual and group behavior in organizations and how organizations manage their environments. Organizational behavior provides a set of tools—theories and concepts—to understand, analyze, describe, and manage attitudes and behavior in organizations.
The study of organizational can improve and change individual, group, and organizational behavior to attain individual, group, and organizational goals.
Organizational behavior can be analyzed at three levels: the individual, the group, and the organization as a whole. A full understanding must include an examination of behavioral factors at each level.
A manager’s job is to use the tools of organizational behavior to increase effectiveness, an organization’s ability to achieve its goal. Management is the process of planning, organizing, leading, and controlling an organization’s human, financial, material, and other resources to increase its effectiveness.
Part I: The Individual
• Ability & Learning • Values, Attitudes and Job Satisfaction • Personality & Emotions • Perception & Individual Decision Making • Basic Motivation Concepts • Motivation and its Applications
Part-II The Group
• Foundation of Group Behavior • Group and Team Work • Functions of Communication • Basic Approaches to Leadership • Contemporary Issues in Leadership • Power and Politics • Conflict and Negotiation
Part-III The Organization System
• Organizational Structure • Work design and Technology • HR Policies and Practices • Organizational Culture • Organizational Change • Stress Management
Macro-OB generally includes the study of organizations with a focus on structure, technology, organizational change, organizational learning, culture, decision-making, innovation and creativity, and so on.
Micro-OB on the other hand tends to focus more on inidividuals, groups/teams, and interpersonal issues such as motivation, personality, leadership, ethics, job design, power, politics, conflict, negotiations, and so on.
Contents [hide] 1 Contributing Disciplines to the OB Field 2 Psychology 3 Sociology 4 Social Psychology 5 Anthropology 6 Political Science 7 Learning Materials 8 Research 9 External Links