Spanish 2/Review

From Wikiversity
Jump to: navigation, search

Review[edit]

Adjectives[edit]

Remember that adjectives describe people, places, and things. In Spanish, adjectives have the same number and gender as the nouns they describe and they usually come after the nouns.

Masculine (Singular)

  • serio
  • deportista
  • trabajador
  • paciente
  • joven

Masculine (Plural)

  • serios
  • deportistas
  • trabajadores
  • pacientes
  • jóvenes

Feminine (Singular)

  • seria
  • deportista
  • trabajadora
  • paciente
  • joven

Feminine (Plural)

  • serias
  • deportistas
  • trabajadoras
  • pacientes
  • jóvenes

Ser[edit]

You've learned that the verb ser is used to tell what someone is like.

  • soy - I am
  • eres - you are (singular)
  • es - he/she is
  • somos - we are
  • sois - you are (plural)
  • son - they are

Note: Last warning, usted and ustedes conjugate in 3rd person form.

Nationalities[edit]

You've have already learned many adjectives about nationality. The Spanish words for nationalities are based on the country's name, similar to English.

  • mexicano(a) - Mexican
  • estadounidense - U.S. citizen (American)
  • cubano(a) - Cuban
  • dominicano(a) - Dominican
  • puertorriqueño(a) - Puerto Rican
  • salvadoreño(a) - Salvadorian
  • guatemalteco(a) - Guatemalan
  • hondureño(a) - Honduran
  • nicaragüense - Nicaraguan
  • costarricense - Costa Rican
  • panameño(a) - Panamainian
  • colombiano(a) - Columbian
  • venezolano(a) - Venezuela
  • ecuatoriano(a) - Ecuadorian
  • peruano(a) - Peruvian
  • boliviano(a) - Bolivian
  • paraguayo(a) - Paraguayan
  • chileno(a) - Chilean
  • argentino(a) - Argentine
  • uruguayo(a) - Uruguayan
  • español, española - Spaniard
  • ecuatoguineano(a) - Equatorial Guinean
  • norteamericano(a) - North American
  • canadiense - Canadian

Present tense of regular verbs[edit]

Remember that in Spanish there are 3 groups of regular verbs that end in -ar, -er, and -ir. These are dropped to form the present tense of a verb and adding the appropriate present-tense ending.

hablar

  • hablo
  • hablas
  • habla
  • hablamos
  • habláis
  • hablan

comer

  • como
  • comes
  • come
  • comemos
  • coméis
  • comen

vivir

  • vivo
  • vives
  • vive
  • vivimos
  • vivís
  • viven

Tener[edit]

Use the verb tener to show relationship, possession, age, or other expressions.

  • tengo
  • tienes
  • tiene
  • tenemos
  • tenéis
  • tienen

Verbs with irregular yo forms[edit]

  • hacer - to do, to make
    • hago - I do, I make
  • poner - to put
    • pongo - I put
  • traer - to bring
    • traigo - I bring