Spanish 2/Chapter 4 (Fashion)

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Chapter 4 (Fashion)[edit]

Shopping[edit]

  • entrada - entrance
  • ganga - bargain
  • letrero - sign
  • liquidación - sale
  • mercado - market
  • salida - exit

Note: Like all words that end with -ción, liquidación is feminine.

Types of colors[edit]

  • claro(a) - light
  • de sólo un color - solid-colored
  • oscuro(a) - dark
  • pastel - pastel
  • vivo(a) - bright

Clothing material[edit]

  • ¿De qué está hecho(a)? - What is it made of?
  • Está hecho(a) de... - It is made of...
  • algodón - cotton
  • cuero - leather
  • lana - wool
  • seda - silk
  • tela sintética - synthetic fabric

Paying for purchases[edit]

  • alto(a) - high
  • bajo(a) - low
  • caja - cash register
  • cajero(a) - cashier
  • cheque - check
  • cheque de viajero - traveler's check
  • cupón de regalo - gift certificate
  • en efectivo - cash
  • gastar - to spend
  • precio - price
  • tan (+ adjective) - so
  • tarjeta de crédito - credit card

Clothing purchases[edit]

  • apretado(a) - tight
  • escoger - to choose
  • estar de moda - to be in fashion
  • estilo - style
  • exagerado(a) - outrageous
  • flojo(a) - loose
  • marca - brand
  • mediano(a) - medium
  • número - shoe size
  • probarse - to try on
  • talla - size

Note: Probarse is a stem-changing verb that changes from o to ue when conjugated.

Other useful words and expressions[edit]

  • anunciar - to announce
  • encontrar - to find
  • en realidad - really
  • me/te importa(n) - it matters (it's important)/they matter to me/to you
  • inmediatamente - immediately
  • me parece que - it seems to me that
  • ¿Qué te parece? - What do you think?/How does it seem to you?
  • recientemente - recently

Note: Encontrar is a stem-changing verb that changes from o to ue when conjugated.

Preterite of regular verbs[edit]

To talk about actions that occured in the past, use the preterite tense. To form the preterite tense of a regular verb, add the preterit endings to the verb's stem.

Preterite endings for -ar verbs:

  • yo: é
  • tú: aste
  • Ud./él/ella: ó
  • nosotros(as): amos
  • vosotros(as): asteis
  • Uds./ellos/ellas: aron

Preterite endings for -er and -ir verbs:

  • yo: í
  • tú: iste
  • Ud./él/ella:
  • nosotros(as): imos
  • vosotros(as): isteis
  • Uds./ellos/ellas: ieron

Example conjugation: mirar

  • miré - I looked
  • miraste - you looked (singular)
  • miró - he/she looked
  • miramos - we looked
  • mirasteis - you looked (plural)
  • miraron - they looked

Example conjugation: aprender

  • aprendí - I learned
  • aprendiste - you learned (singular)
  • aprendió - he/she learned
  • aprendimos - we learned
  • aprendisteis - you learned (plural)
  • aprendieron - they learned

Example conjugarion: escribir

  • escribí - I wrote
  • escribiste - you wrote (singular)
  • escribió - he/she wrote
  • escribimos - we wrote
  • escribisteis - you wrote (plural)
  • escribieron - they wrote

Demonstrative adjectives[edit]

To point out something or someone that is far from both you and the person you are speaking to, you use demonstrative adjectives. All demonstrative adjectives come before the noun and must agree with the noun in gender and number.

  • este, esta - this
  • ese, esa - that
  • aquel, aquella - that one over there
  • estos, estas - these
  • esos, esas - those
  • aquellos, aquellas - those over there

Vocabulario adicional[edit]

  • estar pasado(a) de moda - to be out of style
  • accesible - affordable

Cultural Insight (Fiestas)[edit]

In Spanish-speaking countries, fiestas feature food, drinks, music, and dancing like other cultures throughout the world. However, fiestas usually celebrate events like a wedding or holiday. Parties usually revolve around the family and friends. Parties are usually held in living rooms, which are the biggest rooms in a typical Spanish-speaking country's home.