Spanish 2/Chapter 14 (Picnics)

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Chapter 14 (Picnics)[edit]

Outdoors[edit]

  • al aire libre - outdoors
  • cielo - sky
  • dar una caminata - to take a walk
  • dentro de - inside
  • fuera - outside
  • hormiga - ant
  • mosca - fly
  • nube - cloud
  • piedra - rock
  • sendero - trail
  • suelo - ground, trail

Eating outdoors[edit]

  • fogata - bonfire
  • fósforo or cerilla - match
  • hacer una parrillada - to have a barbecue
  • leña - firewood
  • a la parrilla - on the grill
  • puesto - stand

Foods[edit]

  • aguacate - avocado
  • asado(a) - grilled
  • asar - to grill
  • carne de res - steak
  • cereza - cherry
  • cesta - basket
  • chuleta de cerdo - pork chop
  • durazno - peach
  • frijoles - beans
  • harina - flour
  • maíz - corn
  • mayonesa - mayonnaise
  • melón - melon
  • mostaza - mustard
  • olor - smell, odor
  • pavo - turkey
  • piña - pineapple
  • sabor - taste
  • salsa de tomate - ketchup
  • sandía - watermelon

Describe foods and the outdoors[edit]

  • dulce - sweet
  • grasoso(a) - fatty
  • mojado(a) - wet
  • picante - spicy
  • seco(a) - dry

Other words[edit]

  • acompañar - to accompany

Using usted and ustedes commands[edit]

To form an Ud. or Uds. command, drop the -o of the present-tense yo form and add -e and -en for -ar verbs and -a and -an for -er and -ir verbs.

Regular Ud. and Uds. commands[edit]

  • preparar: prepare(n) - prepare
  • comer: coma(n) - eat
  • servir: sirva(n) - serve

Irregular Ud. and Uds. commands[edit]

  • dar: dé, den - give
  • estar: esté, estén - be
  • poner: ponga, pongan - put
  • ir: vaya, vayan - go
  • ser: sea, sean - be
  • tener: tenga, tengan - have
  • traer: traiga, traigan - bring

Using por in sentences[edit]

  • To indicate length of time or distance
  • To indicate movement through, along, or around
  • To indicate an exchange of one thing for another
  • To indicate reason or motive
  • To indicate a substitution or action on someone's behalf
  • To indicate means of communication or transportation

Vocabulario adicional[edit]

Foods[edit]

  • aceite de oliva - olive oil
  • ají - pepper, a hot sauce made with this pepper
  • apio - celery
  • calamares - squid
  • chorizo - sausage
  • ciruela - plum
  • cordero - lamb
  • espárragos - asparagus
  • espinacas - spinach
  • fruta de estación - seasonal fruit
  • hígado - liver
  • langosta - lobster
  • pepino - cucumber
  • ternera - veal
  • toronja - grapefruit

Tastes[edit]

  • agrio(a) - bitter
  • cocido(a) - cooked
  • crudo(a) - raw
  • jugoso(a) - juicy
  • salado(a) - salty

Cultural insight (Comida al aire libre)[edit]

Un puesto se vende perritos calientes en Nueva York.

Throughout the Spanish-speaking world vendors and food stands make it clear: outdoor eating is very popular among the people. From tamales in Mexico to churros in Spain to fresh fruit anywhere eating outdoors is a favorite. Some dishes are also served with main dishes, such as rice and beans. Eating outdoors is popular among locals because the food is cheap, delicious, and usually prepared faster than at restaurants.