Spanish 2/Chapter 14 (Picnics)

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Chapter 14 (Picnics)[edit | edit source]

Outdoors[edit | edit source]

  • al aire libre - outdoors
  • cielo - sky
  • dar una caminata - to take a walk
  • dentro de - inside
  • fuera - outside
  • hormiga - ant
  • mosca - fly
  • nube - cloud
  • piedra - rock
  • sendero - trail
  • suelo - ground, trail

Eating outdoors[edit | edit source]

  • fogata - bonfire
  • fósforo or cerilla - match
  • hacer una parrillada - to have a barbecue
  • leña - firewood
  • a la parrilla - on the grill
  • puesto - stand

Foods[edit | edit source]

  • aguacate - avocado
  • asado(a) - grilled
  • asar - to grill
  • carne de res - steak
  • cereza - cherry
  • cesta - basket
  • chuleta de cerdo - pork chop
  • durazno - peach
  • frijoles - beans
  • harina - flour
  • maíz - corn
  • mayonesa - mayonnaise
  • melón - melon
  • mostaza - mustard
  • olor - smell, odor
  • pavo - turkey
  • piña - pineapple
  • sabor - taste
  • salsa de tomate - ketchup
  • sandía - watermelon

Describe foods and the outdoors[edit | edit source]

  • dulce - sweet
  • grasoso(a) - fatty
  • mojado(a) - wet
  • picante - spicy
  • seco(a) - dry

Other words[edit | edit source]

  • acompañar - to accompany

Using usted and ustedes commands[edit | edit source]

To form an Ud. or Uds. command, drop the -o of the present-tense yo form and add -e and -en for -ar verbs and -a and -an for -er and -ir verbs.

Regular Ud. and Uds. commands[edit | edit source]

  • preparar: prepare(n) - prepare
  • comer: coma(n) - eat
  • servir: sirva(n) - serve

Irregular Ud. and Uds. commands[edit | edit source]

  • dar: dé, den - give
  • estar: esté, estén - be
  • poner: ponga, pongan - put
  • ir: vaya, vayan - go
  • ser: sea, sean - be
  • tener: tenga, tengan - have
  • traer: traiga, traigan - bring

Using por in sentences[edit | edit source]

  • To indicate length of time or distance
  • To indicate movement through, along, or around
  • To indicate an exchange of one thing for another
  • To indicate reason or motive
  • To indicate a substitution or action on someone's behalf
  • To indicate means of communication or transportation

Vocabulario adicional[edit | edit source]

Foods[edit | edit source]

  • aceite de oliva - olive oil
  • ají - pepper, a hot sauce made with this pepper
  • apio - celery
  • calamares - squid
  • chorizo - sausage
  • ciruela - plum
  • cordero - lamb
  • espárragos - asparagus
  • espinacas - spinach
  • fruta de estación - seasonal fruit
  • hígado - liver
  • langosta - lobster
  • pepino - cucumber
  • ternera - veal
  • toronja - grapefruit

Tastes[edit | edit source]

  • agrio(a) - bitter
  • cocido(a) - cooked
  • crudo(a) - raw
  • jugoso(a) - juicy
  • salado(a) - salty

Cultural insight (Comida al aire libre)[edit | edit source]

Un puesto se vende perritos calientes en Nueva York.

Throughout the Spanish-speaking world vendors and food stands make it clear: outdoor eating is very popular among the people. From tamales in Mexico to churros in Spain to fresh fruit anywhere eating outdoors is a favorite. Some dishes are also served with main dishes, such as rice and beans. Eating outdoors is popular among locals because the food is cheap, delicious, and usually prepared faster than at restaurants.