Sindarin Lesson 1
"Quotes" are English [Brackets] are Sindarin
The Definate and Indefinate Articles[edit | edit source]
There is no actual word that explicitly means "A" or "An", instead the words are implied.
[edhel] means "elf" or "an elf" [aran] means "king" or "a king"
To say "the" the word is [i] before singular nouns or [in] before plural nouns. Before consonants, the article changes the sound, but this will not be discussed until Chapter 3.
[i edhel] "the elf" [in edhil] "the elfs" [i ion] "the son" [in ion] "the sons"
The Genitive[edit | edit source]
To say that A owns B you can simply juxtapose the two words, [B A]. This is often done with names, but can always be done even with no names.
[aran Gondor] "king of Gondor" [hîr Imladris] "lord of Rivendell (Imladris)" [ion aran] "son of a king" [ion in erain] "son of the kings" [cabed i aras] "leap of the deer"
You can also insert the word [en] before singular nouns or [enan] before plural nouns. They are often definate, so "the" can be implied. It CAN be used with names, but this is rare.
[cabed en aras] "leap of the deer" [ion en aran] "son of the king" [aran en noeg] "king of the dwarves" [aran Ennorath] "king of Middle Earth" (Ennorath is grammatically plural)
[nan] and [nia] can be used instead of [en] and [enan] respectively, but this is rare. Before consonants, [nan] and [nia] change the sound, but this will not be discussed until Chapter 3.