Python Concepts/Libraries

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Python has a standard library that it is shipped with, plus many add-on libraries such as PyGame, which is a set of Python modules designed for writing games. It is written on top of the SDL library. Other libraries include The Python Imaging Library, which makes it easier to write programs that deal with images. Aside from libraries Python has many other benefits such as 'Extensions' which are basically C code that extends the functionality of the language. Some extensions include language bindings, for example:

Other extensions are possible through the Python/C API (Application Programmers Interface) On top of the language bindings you can also find packages to extend python much like the libraries, only smaller. To find python packages you should start at http://python.org or even simply use a search engine.

GUI Toolkits[edit]

PyGTK
Python bindings for the cross-platform toolkit GTK+, which is written in C. It is used by many prominent organizations like One Laptop per Child.
PySide
Python bindings for the cross-platform toolkit Qt, which is written in C++. It has a more liberal licensing than PyQt.
PyQt
Python bindings for the cross-platform toolkit Qt, which is written in C++. It has over 400 classes and 6,000 functions/methods. It has more restrictive licensing than PySide.
Tkinter
Python bindings for the cross-platform toolkit Tk, which is written in C. It is the default GUI toolkit that ships with Python. Tkinter is used in several GUIs, most notably IDLE.
wxPython
Python bindings for the cross-platform toolkit wxWidgets, which is written in C++. Its a popular alternative to Tkinter. Unfortunately, it's for Python 2.X, although efforts for Python 3.X support is underway. It can be found in this.

Mathmatics[edit]

matplotlib
A 2D plotting library which creates high quality charts and images in a variety of formats across multiple platforms.
NumPy
todo
Pandas
Pandas is an open source, BSD-licensed library providing high-performance, easy-to-use data structures and data analysis tools for the Python programming language.

Science[edit]

SciPy
todo

Unclassified[edit]

Pywikibot
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Scrapy
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