Prejudice/Keywords/Categories

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Definition[edit]

  • ABC = Affect (predjudice), Behaviour (discrimination), Cognition (stereotype)

In-groups and out-groups[edit]

  • Contact hypothesis
  • Discrimination
  • In-group favouritism
  • Minimal group effect
  • Out-group homogeneity bias
  • Super-ordinate goals

Inter-group conflict[edit]

  • Overcoming prejudice and stereotypes
    • Conscious override
    • Contact
      • Equal status
      • Positive
      • Outgroup members must be perceived as typical
    • Discrimination in reverse
    • Motives for overcoming prejudice
      • Internal
      • External
    • Superordinate goals

Stereotypes[edit]

  • Rationalisation for oppression
  • Heuristics

Theories / Causes[edit]

  • Confirmation bias
  • Competition (Realistic conflict theory (Frustration-aggression))
  • Discontinuity effect (groups are more hostile than individuals)
  • Heuristics (Cognitive shortcuts / Cognitive miser)
  • Ignorance (Contact theory)
  • Salience
  • Scapegoat theory
  • Self-categorisation theory
  • Social categorisation
  • Social identity theory
  • Self-esteem
  • Self-fulfilling prophecy
  • Self-defeating prophecy / Stereotype threat
  • Self-serving bias
  • Stress

Types[edit]

  • Ageism
  • Anti-gay / homophobia
  • Ethnocentrism
  • Weightism
  • Racism
    • Aversive racism
  • Religious
  • Sexism
  • Stigma
    • Stigma by association
    • Types
      • Overweight
      • Mental illness
      • Sickness
      • Poverty
      • Physical blemishes / disability