PlanetPhysics/Sir Michael Atiyah
Michael Francis Atiyah[edit | edit source]
British mathematician, \\ Born: April 22nd, 1929 in London, UK
Education:[edit | edit source]
- High school education was partly at Victoria College, in Cairo, Egypt, and partly in Manchester, UK, at the Manchester Grammar School
- BA, at Trinity College, in Cambridge, UK
- MA (doctorate) at Trinity College, in Cambridge, UK in 1954
- Commonwealth Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, USA, in 1955
- College Lecturer in Cambridge, UK, in 1957
- Active Fellow of Pembroke College in Cambridge, UK, 1958-1961.
- Reader at the University of Oxford and Fellow of St Catherine's College.
- Savilian Chair of Geometry at Oxford, 1963-1969
- Professor of Mathematics at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, USA in 1969
- Royal Society Research Professor at Oxford in 1972
Major Fields of Research: Topology, K-Theory and TQFT Foundations[edit | edit source]
Quotations from the listed articles on this page:
- ""Michael Atiyah has contributed to a wide range of topics in mathematics centering around the interaction between geometry and analysis. His first major contribution (in collaboration with F. Hirzebruch) was the development of a new and powerful technique in topology (K-theory) which led to the solution of many outstanding difficult problems. Subsequently (in collaboration with I. M. Singer) he established an important theorem dealing with the number of solutions of elliptic differential equations. This `index theorem' had antecedents in algebraic geometry and led to important new links between differential geometry, topology and analysis. Combined with considerations of symmetry it led (jointly with Raoul Bott) to a new and refined fixed point theorem' with wide applicability. ;
- "The K-theory and the index theorem are studied in Atiyah's book entitled `"K-theory ' (1967, reprinted 1989) and his joint work with G. B. Segal, "The Index of Elliptic Operators I-V" in Annals of Mathematics , volumes 88 and 93 (1968, 1971). Atiyah also described his work on the index theorem in "The index of elliptic operators" given as an American Mathematical Society Colloquium Lecture in 1973.
- The index theorem could be interpreted in terms of quantum theory and has proved a useful tool for theoretical physicists. Beyond these linear problems, gauge theories involved deep and interesting nonlinear differential equations. In particular, the Yang-Mills equations have turned out to be particularly fruitful for mathematicians. Atiyah initiated much of the early work in this field and his student Simon Donaldson went on to make spectacular use of these ideas in 4-dimensional geometry. More recently Atiyah has been influential in stressing the role of topology in quantum field theory...(more specifically in TQFT)... and in bringing the work of theoretical physicists, notably E Witten, to the attention of the mathematical community."
- ""The theories of superspace and supergravity and the string theory of fundamental particles, that involve the theory of Riemann surfaces in novel and unexpected ways, were all areas of theoretical physics which developed using ...some of the ideas which Atiyah introduced.
Honours awarded to Michael Francis Atiyah:[edit | edit source]
- Foreign member of several academies including those of: the United States, Sweden, Germany, France, Ireland, India, Australia, China, Russia and the Ukraine.
- Fellow of the Royal Society of London in 1962 at the age of 32
- British Mathematical Colloquium morning speaker 1957, 1962
- LMS Berwick Prize winner 1961
- Speaker at International Congress 1966
- Fields Medal 1966
- Royal Medal of the Society in 1968
- American Mathematical Society Colloquium Lecturer in 1973
- Royal Society's Bakerian Lecture on Global geometry in 1975
- President of the London Mathematical Society in 1974-76
- Honorary Fellow of the Edinburgh Maths Society 1979
- De Morgan Medal in 1980
- Feltrinelli Prize from the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei in 1981
- He was Knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1983
- Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1985
- King Faisal International Prize for Science in 1987
- Copley Medal in 1988
- AMS Gibbs Lecturer 1991
- Member of the Order of Merit in 1992
- Hedrick lecturer 1993
- President of the Royal Society, 1990 to 1995
- Abel Prize 2004
- Honorary Degrees from: Bonn, Warwick, Durham, St Andrews, Dublin, Chicago, Edinburgh, Cambridge, Essex, London, Sussex, Ghent, Reading, Helsinki, Leicester, Rutgers, Salamanca, Montreal, Waterloo, Wales, Queen's-Kingston, Keele, Birmingham, Lebanon and the Open University.
Suggested further reading: an article by J. J. O'Connor and E F Robertson
Other Articles about M.F. Atiyah:[edit | edit source]
M Atiyah, Address of the president, Sir Michael Atiyah, given at the anniversary meeting on 29 November 1991, Notes and Records Roy. Soc. London 46 (1) (1992), 155-169. M Atiyah, Address of the President, Sir Michael Atiyah, O. M., given at the anniversary meeting on 30 November 1994, Notes and Records Roy. Soc. London 49 (1) (1995), 141-151. Michael F Atiyah, in M Atiyah and D Iagolnitzer (eds.), Fields Medalists Lectures (Singapore, 1997), 113-114. H Cartan, L'oeuvre de Michael F Atiyah, Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians, Moscow, 1966 (Moscow, 1968). E Getzler, The Atiyah-Bott fixed point formula, in Raoul Bott: collected papers 2 (Boston, MA, 1994), xxxi-xxxiii. R Minio, An interview with Michael Atiyah (Czech), Pokroky Mat. Fyz. Astronom. 31 (3) (1986), 154-168. R Minio, An interview with Michael Atiyah (Slovenian), Obzornik Mat. Fiz. 31 (5-6) (1984), 129-142. R Minio, An interview with Michael Atiyah, Math. Intelligencer 6 (1) (1984), 9-19.