Open Science/Week 9: Capacity Building for Open Science

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Learning Outcomes[edit | edit source]

  • Describe approaches to helping people develop knowledge and skills relevant to open science.
  • Explain how early career researchers benefit from learning about open science.

Readings[edit | edit source]

Stepping up Open Science Training for European Research" by Schmidt, Birgit, Orth, Astrid, Franck, Gwen, Kuchma, Iryna, Knoth, Petr, and Carvalho, José in Publications 4, no. 2:16,2016, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International.[1] 10 pages.

Open Science Challenges, Benefits and Tips in Early Career and Beyond,” by Allen, C & Mehler, DMA in PLoS Biol 17(5): e3000246, 2019, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International.[2] 14 pages.

Note: There is a published correction to the Allen & Mehler reading. The correction relates to inaccurate and incomplete citations. This may provide an opportunity to help students learn about the importance of accurate citations and the level of scrutiny they receive in the publication process. You may want to connect the example to the authors’ position on how to handle mistakes in published research.

Discussion Question[edit | edit source]

Based on what you’ve learned about the FOSTER (Facilitate Open Science Training for European Research) program from the article "Stepping up Open Science Training for European Research" by Schmidt and colleagues, describe how you would create an open science training in your national context. A thorough answer will reference at least 3 objectives and activities and will be informed by the article’s conclusions. You may also want to draw on the article by Allen & Mehler, “Open Science Challenges, Benefits and Tips in Early Career and Beyond," for information about benefits of open science training for early career researchers.  Conclude your post with a question for others in the class.

Self-check Questions[edit | edit source]

1 Consult the article "Stepping up Open Science Training for European Research” by Schmidt and colleagues. Which of the following was an objective of the FOSTER program? Choose the best answer.

Support early career researchers in complying with open access policies.
Integrate open access principles into early career researchers’ workflow.
Strengthen the institutional training capacity to foster compliance with the open access policies of the ERA and Horizon 2020 (beyond the FOSTER project);
Make it easier to adopt and implement open access requirements from funding agencies.
All of the above.

2 Which of the following were among the main activities of the FOSTER program?

Creation of an e-learning portal.
Identification of existing resources for learning open science.
Development of a new open science curriculum.
Delivery of face-to-face training.

3 Which of the following was a finding from the FOSTER program?

Open access and open data were the areas of greatest need for new training materials.
Train the trainer sessions were ineffective.
Open science training should maintain its independence from graduate school curricula.
Programs that expand technical capacity, such as e-infrastructure, should include integrated training components.

4 In their article “Open Science Challenges, Benefits and Tips in Early Career and Beyond,” how do Allen & Mehler claim that early career researchers will benefit from adopting open science principles?

reputation, reliability of science, and probability of publication.
speed, flexibility, and alignment with milestones for academic careers.
productivity, patentable inventions, and fair peer review
HARKing, p-hacking, and statistical power

5 In their article “Open Science Challenges, Benefits and Tips in Early Career and Beyond,” Allen & Mehler emphasized that early career researchers may need more of something if they are to incorporate open science principles into their work. What do they say these researchers will need?

penalties for publishing incorrect results
public engagement

  1. Schmidt, Birgit; Orth, Astrid; Franck, Gwen; Kuchma, Iryna; Knoth, Petr; Carvalho, José (2016-06). "Stepping up Open Science Training for European Research". Publications 4 (2): 16. doi:10.3390/publications4020016. 
  2. Allen, Christopher; Mehler, David M. A. (2019-05-01). "Open science challenges, benefits and tips in early career and beyond". PLOS Biology 17 (5): e3000246. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.3000246. ISSN 1545-7885. PMID 31042704. PMC PMC6513108.