Obstetrics and Gynecology

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Obstetrics (from the Latin obstare, "to stand by") is the medical specialty dealing with the care of all women's reproductive tracts and their children during pregnancy (prenatal period), childbirth and the postnatal period.[1] Gynecology is the medical practice dealing with the health of the female reproductive system (uterus, vagina, and ovaries).[2]

Learning Outcomes[edit | edit source]

This specialty has many learning outcomes and are divided into knowledge, skills and case-based learning. It is best to study this specialty in that order. For too long, medical students have been asked to perform clinical skills without knowing exactly why they are asking a specific question or performing a particular part of an examination. The format of this department allows a structured pathway to learning these skills more effectively.

The ideal method of learning for a student in this field is to acquire knowledge, develop skills and then perform these skills in a case scenario. The most effective way to get the most out of the cases is to have a friend read it to you and ask the questions. Your friend will play the part of both the patient and the examiner, while you play the role of the doctor. Case-based learning is the gold-standard method of education in medicine, but it must be preceded by knowledge and skills.

Knowledge[edit | edit source]

Obstetrics[edit | edit source]

General Obstetrics[edit | edit source]

Medical Problems in Pregnancy[edit | edit source]

Antenatal Problems[edit | edit source]

Fetal Disorders[edit | edit source]

Complications of Delivery[edit | edit source]

Operative Delivery[edit | edit source]

Problems in the Puerperium[edit | edit source]

Gynecology[edit | edit source]

General Gynecology[edit | edit source]

Disorders of Childhood and Puberty[edit | edit source]

Vulval Disorders[edit | edit source]

Vaginal Disorders[edit | edit source]

Cervical Disorders[edit | edit source]

Uterine Disorders[edit | edit source]

Fallopian Tube Disorders[edit | edit source]

Ovarian Disorders[edit | edit source]

Other Gynecological Problems[edit | edit source]

Genitourinary Medicine[edit | edit source]

General Genitourinary Medicine[edit | edit source]

Urinary Disorders in Obstetrics and Gynecology[edit | edit source]

Sexually Transmitted Infections[edit | edit source]

Skills[edit | edit source]

The ability to further develop one's skills in Obstetrics and Gynecology is enhanced by a prior knowledge of anatomy, physiology, symptomatology and diseases and conditions. Skills can be well performed without it, but the student will not know why they are asking specific questions and performing certain parts of the examination.

History taking, examinations and investigative analysis should be practiced thoroughly with a sound knowledge of the presenting complaint and the epidemiology and clinical features of the diseases and conditions contained within its differential diagnosis. The student should stick to this structure or develop their own; either way there must be a structure.

History Taking[edit | edit source]

Obstetrics[edit | edit source]

Gynecology[edit | edit source]

Examinations[edit | edit source]

Analysis of Investigations[edit | edit source]

Obstetric Investigations[edit | edit source]

Gynecological Investigations[edit | edit source]

Case Based Learning[edit | edit source]

Gynecology[edit | edit source]

See Also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]