Narcissistic personality disorder

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Narcissistic personality disorder
Classification and external resources
Narcissus by Caravaggio. Narcissus gazing at his own reflection.

Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is a medial term used to refer to a dissocial individual with a leadership personality type. Individuals who suffer from NPD are excessively preoccupied with issues of personal adequacy, power, prestige and vanity. [1]


Symptoms of this disorder include, but are not limited to:

  • Reacts to criticism with anger, shame, or humiliation
  • May take advantage of others to reach his or her own goal
  • Tends to exaggerate their own importance, achievements, and talents
  • Imagines unrealistic fantasies of success, beauty, power, intelligence, or romance
  • Requires constant attention and positive reinforcement from others
  • Easily becomes jealous
  • Lacks empathy and disregards the feelings of others
  • Obsessed with oneself
  • Mainly pursues selfish goals
  • Trouble keeping healthy relationships
  • Is easily hurt and rejected
  • Sets unrealistic goals
  • Wants "the best" of everything
  • Appears as tough-minded or unemotional [2]


  1. Millon, Theodore (1996). Disorders of Personality: DSM-IV-TM and Beyond. New York: John Wiley and Sons. p. 393. ISBN 0-471-01186-X.
  2. "Narcissistic personality disorder: Symptoms –" Mayo Clinic. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2011. <