Material Requirements Planning

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Material requirements planning (MRP) is a production planning and inventory control system used to manage manufacturing processes.

Most MRP systems are software-based, while it is possible to conduct MRP by hand as well.

An MRP system is intended to simultaneously meet three objectives:

  • Ensure materials are available for production and products are available for delivery to customers.
  • Maintain the lowest possible level of inventory.
  • Plan manufacturing activities, delivery schedules and purchasing activities.[1]

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