Loxdanš/Lesson 6

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In this lesson, we will learn about family words. Family words are very easy to learn in Low Danish, so lets get right into it.

The four classes of words:[edit | edit source]

Word Class Endings and beginnings
Nouns Indefinite: ej

Definite: ðe

Pl. Inde.: -es

Pl. Def.: -esen

Adjectives Root: none

First: -em

Second: -ere

Third: -eð

Verbs To do: de ()-e

I do: ej ()-rum

He/She/It does: E/Si/Se ()-am

Past to do: de ()-erot

Present to do: de ()-e

Future to do: de ()-reqi

Past I do/it does: ij ()-ero

Present i do: ij ()-rum

Present he does: e ()-am

Future i do/he does: ij ()-ešo

Adverbs Root: none

Before: -te

Now/After: -ten

Genders[edit | edit source]

There are no grammatical genders, but there are gender words. There are two words descibing gender, and six words descibing the age.

Male = Sija

Female = Sisæ

Girl = Siskænað

Boy = Sijakænað

Woman = Sisgron

Man = Sijagron

Elderly Woman = Sisald

Elderly man = Sijald

  1. The words describing male and female, Sija and Sisæ, are actually based off the pronounciation of XY and XX, the chromosomes of males and females. Even though X pronounced as Si is actually non-existent, it can apply to some loanwords and science words, like Xanax (Chanach or Asianasi)

Family words[edit | edit source]

Father = Faðer

Mother = Moðer

Brother = Broðer

Sister = Šosðer

Son = Šon

Daughter = Doxtër

Boy cousin = Šenðer (related to Danish, svend, meaning boy)

Girl cousin = Šønðer (related to German Schwester, but simplified)

Mother’s father = Moðfaðer

Mother’s mother = Moðmoðer

Father’s mother = Faðmoðer

Father’s father = Faðfaðer

Great Grandmother = Altmoðer

Great Grandfather = Altfaðer

Great Great Grandfather = Grošere Altfaðer

Great Great Grandmother = Grošere Altmoðer

then... Grošem Grošere Alt... Grošem Grošere Grošere Alt...

Have you noticed?[edit | edit source]

The word Grošere is actually an adjective, you can see the ending -ere meaning the second inflection.

Plural family[edit | edit source]

While there is no change in the word form while making words plural, the danish Fader, also meaning father, becomes Fædre when it is pluralized. That does not exist in Low Danish, so more fathers is mer Faðeres, the all the father is al Faðeresen.