Japanese Verb Conjugation - Godan Verbs
Japanese Verbs are very easy to put together, especially the
Japanese verbs have a completely different style of conjugation than English verbs. They conjugate to express not only time, but certain feelings we would express using more words.
The conjugation follows this pattern:
- あ(a) negative form
- い(I) infinitive form
- う(U) dictionary form
- え(E) conditional form
- お(O) volitional form
In order to show you how this works, let's select one
There are exceptions: for verbs whose last letter is う, such as
Infinitive form is the form into which you may add either other verbs, other levels of honour, or both. It is also the base form which the standard "desu-masu" Japanese is spoken. This is the kind of Japanese this course will teach you.
The infinitive form is almost a stand-alone form. You can speak very basic japanese almost entirely with this form. In order to change the dictionary form to infinitive form, we drop the "う(u)" and add "い(i)", making our "
Drink のむ becomes のみます
As I said, this form is pretty stand-alone, and onto the positive for this form, you may add another suffix to make it negative. Change the "-masu" to "-masen" and you have your negative:
As said previously, dictionary form is the standardized form for finding verbs in dictionaries. All verbs of all types end in -u in the dictionary form.
The E form is used in giving commands, suggestions, or making hypothetical statements. There is occasionally no suffix to this form. To change Iku to the imperative, drop the "u" and add "e." The imperative form of "Iku" is "Ike." Do not say 'ike' （いけ！） to anyone because it is slightly vulgar and is offensive. When you add the suffix "-ba" to this form, it becomes a true conditional. "Ikeba" could variously be translated to "why don't you go?" or "what if you went?" You might also hear the phrase "ikeba wakaru." Wakaru is dictionary form of the verb to know or understand. This phrase therefore means "IF (you) went, (you'd) understand."
The O form is the one that is confusing to most English speakers. It is the "let's" form. If you were to change Iku to the volitional form, you would drop the "u" and add "ou". The suffix in this case is not easy to notice, as it is a "u". This simply extends the o sound. Iku becomes Ikou: "let's go". The word Ikimasu may also be conjugated in this form, simply converting the "-masu" ending to a "-mashou", making the whole word "Ikimashou".
Conjugate these verbs in all five forms:
- 洗う ー Arau (to wash)
- 会う ー Au (to meet)
- 頑張る ー Ganbaru (to do well)
- 入る ー Hairu (to enter)
- 行く ー Iku (to go)
- 言う ー Iu (to say)
- 書く ー Kaku (to write/draw/paint)
- 買う ー Kau (to buy)
- 聞く ー Kiku (to hear)
- 下る ー Kudaru (to go down/descend)
- 食う ー Kuu (to eat -> informal)
- 回る ー Mawaru (to turn)
- なる ー Naru (to become)
- 上る ー Noboru (to climb)
- 飲む ー Nomu (to drink)
- 乗る ー Noru (to board/enter/mount)
- 踊る ー Odoru (to dance)
- 怒る ー Okoru (to get mad)
- 思う ー Omou (to think)
- サボる ー Saboru (to skip, ie. class)
- 悟る ー Satoru (to sense)
- 死ぬ ー Shinu (to die)
- 頼む ー Tanomu (to request)
- 立つ ー Tatsu (to stand)
- 飛ぶ ー Tobu (to fly)
- 取る ー Toru (to take)
- 売る ー Uru (to sell)
- 分かる ー Wakaru (to understand)
- 焼く ー Yaku (to burn/roast)
Leave any question here.
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