Japanese I/Vocabulary/Verbs 1

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To be[edit]

  • desu(です) - akai desu(赤いです) - it is red(complement)
  • arimasu(あります) - koko ni arimasu(ここにあります) - it is here(inanimate existence)
  • imasu(います) - koko ni imasu(ここにいます) - he is here(animate existence)

Basic verbs[edit]

Kanji is not commonly used for the verb below

Word Meaning
する to do


Kanji is not commonly used for the verb below

Word Reading Meaning
来る くる to come
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Word Reading Meaning
行く いく to go
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Word Reading Meaning
食べる たべる to eat
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Word Reading Meaning
飲む のむ to drink
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Word Reading Meaning
話す はなす to say
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Word Reading Meaning
読む よむ to read
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Word Reading Meaning
書く かく to write
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Word Reading Meaning
聞く きく to listen
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Word Reading Meaning
持つ もつ to have
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Word Reading Meaning
待つ まつ to wait
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Word Reading Meaning
見る みる to see
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Word Meaning
わかる to understand


Word Reading Meaning
買う かう to buy
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