Helping Give Away Psychological Science/Suicide Prevention in Schools

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Benefits of early intervention in schools[edit]

  • Lower risk of relapse
  • Reduced risk of suicide
  • Reduced vocational/developmental disruption
  • Reduced family stress
  • Improved recovery
  • Reduced need for hospitalization

Destigmatizing mental health[edit]

  • National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) 1-800-950-6264
  • Steps to cope with stigma
  1. Get treatment
  2. Don't let stigma create self-doubt and shame
  3. Don't isolate yourself
  4. Don't equate yourself with your illness
  5. Join a support group
  6. Get help at school
  7. Speak out against stigma

School Safety Hotline 1-877-729-7867[edit]

  • Anonymously report weapon violations, bomb threats, drug misuse, bullying, etc.

Self-Esteem[edit]

Self-harm (NSSI)[edit]

Crisis Text Line[edit]

National Alliance on Mental Illness[edit]

Suicidality[edit]

National Suicide Prevention Hotline 1-800-273-8255[edit]

Crisis Text Line[edit]

Educating Parents[edit]

Counseling on Access to Lethal Means (CALM)[edit]

  • reduce access to lethal means (firearms, medication, sharp objects, lighters, etc) to prevent suicidal behavior
  • 48% of those who attempted suicide reported having first started thinking about making that attempt within 10 minutes before the attempt.
  • 83-90% of firearm suicide attempts are lethal
  • Firearms represent 51% of the fatal suicide attempts in the US

Lethal Means Counseling[edit]

  • assess suicide risk
  • explain risk to patient and parent/support person
  • collaborate on a plan to reduce access to lethal means
  • agree on roles and timetable and document the plan
  • follow up within 24 hours and at next appointment

Safety Plan[edit]

  • identify warning signs
  • coping strategies to distract from negative thoughts
  • people one can reach out to for help
  • professionals / agencies one can contact in a crisis
  • how to make the environment safe/limit access to lethal means

Seek counseling services within schools and outside schools in the community to address suicidality[edit]

  • contact your school counselor and/or school social worker for psychological services
  • speak with your teachers about mental health resources within the school
  • speak with your parents about seeking community-based mental health services (individual and/or group therapy)

Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance (YRBS) 2017 Findings on High School Students' Suicidal Behavior [1][edit]

  • 17.2 % of students nationwide had seriously considered attempting suicide in last 12 months
  • Prevalence of having seriously considered attempting suicide was higher among females (22.1%) than males (11.9%)
  • 13.6% of students nationwide had made a suicide plan in last 12 months
  • 7.4% of students nationwide had attempted suicide at least once in last 12 months

Bullying[edit]

https://www.stopbullying.gov[edit]

https://www.bullybust.org/students[edit]

Stomp Out Bullying HelpChat Live[edit]

6 Ways to be an ally (English and Spanish)[edit]

  1. Support targets, whether you know them or not
  2. Don't participate
  3. Tell aggressors to stop
  4. Inform a trusted adult
  5. Get to know people instead of judging them
  6. Be an ally online

YRBS Findings on Students' experience with Bullying [2][edit]

  1. 14.9% of students nationwide have been electronically bullied (texts or any form of social media) in the last 12 months
  2. 19% of students nationwide have been bullied on school property in the last 12 months

Gender and Sexuality (LGBTQIA+)[edit]

Crisis Hotline for LGBTQIA+ Youth via the Trevor Project 1-866-488-7386[edit]

Trevor Project[edit]

CDC Page on Resources for LGBTQIA+ youth[edit]

Resources via GLAAD for LGBTQIA+ community[edit]

YRBS Findings on LGBTQIA+ students [3][edit]

  1. 14.6% of students nationwide did not identify as heterosexual
  2. 20.5% of non-heterosexual students nationwide reported having been threatened or injured with a weapon on school property
  3. 49.1% of non-heterosexual students nationwide reported having been electronically bullied
  4. 57.3% of non-heterosexual students nationwide reported having been bullied on school property
  5. 38.9% of non-heterosexual students nationwide reported having experienced sexual violence in the last 12 months
  6. 63.6% of non-heterosexual students nationwide reported having made a suicide plan in the last 12 months

Substance Misuse[edit]

National Drug Addiction Hotline 1-844-289-0879[edit]

https://www.abovetheinfluence.com[edit]

  • text ABOVE to 741741 for 24/7 anonymous free crisis counseling via Crisis Text Line

How does drug use affect high school grades?[edit]

YRBS Findings on Students' experience with Substance Misuse [4][edit]

  1. 5.5% of students nationwide who drove a car had driven a car when they had been drinking alcohol
  2. 13% of students nationwide who drove a car had driven a car when they had been using marijuana
  3. 9.5% of students nationwide had first tried cigarette smoking before age 13
  4. 9.7% of students nationwide who currently smoke cigarettes reported smoking more than 10 cigarettes per day
  5. 42.2% of students nationwide reported having used an electronic vapor product
  6. 15.5% of students nationwide had their first drink of alcohol before age 13
  7. 13.5% of students nationwide reported having had 4 or more drinks of alcohol in a row (females) or 5 or more drinks of alcohol in a row (males) at least one day in the last month
  8. 36.5% of students nationwide have used marijuana one or more times

Athletic Pressures[edit]

How to help a teen athlete deal with Sports Pressure[edit]

YRBS Findings on students' health [5][edit]

  • 54.3% of students nationwide reported having played on at least one sports team in the last 12 months
  • 47.1% of students nationwide reported trying to lose weight
  • 31.5% of students nationwide identified as being slightly or very overweight
  • 15.1% of students nationwide had a concussion one or more times in the last 12 months

Trauma[edit]

National Child Abuse/Neglect Hotline 1-800-422-4453[edit]

Experiences with bullying, wanting to run away, homelessness, feeling unsafe[edit]

Immigrants' Rights[edit]

National Domestic Violence Hotline 1-800-799-7233[edit]

  • text 1-800-787-3224

Rape, Abuse, and Incest National Network (RAINN) Sexual Assault Telephone Hotline 1-800-656-4673[edit]

National Teen Dating Abuse Hotline 1-866-331-9474[edit]

Finding a Safe Place[edit]

YRBS Findings on Students' experience with traumatic events [6][edit]

  1. 6.7% of students nationwide reported having not gone to school on at least one day due to feeling unsafe at school, or on their way to school
  2. 7.4% of students nationwide reported having been forced to have sexual intercourse when they did not want to
  3. 8% of students nationwide who reported having dated someone reported having been physically hurt on purpose by partner