German vocabulary/Numbers

From Wikiversity
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Cardinal Numbers[edit]

Number German English
0 null zero
1 eins one
2 zwei two
3 drei three
4 vier four
5 fünf five
6 sechs six
7 sieben seven
8 acht eight
9 neun nine
10 zehn ten
  • Eleven and twelve are irregular:
Number German English
11 elf eleven
12 zwölf twelve
  • Numbers 13 through 19 are created as follows:

First digit number + 'zehn'

Number German English
13 dreizehn thirteen
14 vierzehn fourteen
15 fünfzehn fifteen
16 sechzehn sixteen
17 siebzehn seventeen
18 achtzehn eighteen
19 neunzehn nineteen

Note: The "-s" in "Sechs" and the "-en" in "Sieben" are dropped in the combination.

Double Digits[edit]

  • In German, two digit numbers are created by:
 adding the suffix "-zig." (similar to English "-ty").  
Number German English
20 zwanzig twenty
30 dreißig thirty
40 vierzig forty
50 fünfzig fifty
60 sechzig sixty
70 siebzig seventy
80 achtzig eighty
90 neunzig ninety

Note: The spellings of zwanzig (20), dreißig (30), sechzig (60), and siebzig (70) are irregular.

  • Two digit numbers that do not end with zero are made as follows: second digit + und + the number as it would be said if it ended in zero (English Example: 42 / Two and Forty / two and forty / Zwei und vierzig / zweiundvierzig)

Examples:

German English
einundzwanzig 21
siebenunddreißig 37
sechsundvierzig 46
vierundsechzig 64
neunundneunzig 99
  • Large numbers use the long scale:
German English
(short scale)
Number
hundert hundred 100
tausend thousand 1.000
Million Million 1.000.000
Milliarde Billion 1.000.000.000
Billion Trillion 1.000.000.000.000
Billiarde Quadrillion 1.000.000.000.000.000

Note: Periods (.) are used to divide large numbers into groups of three, as opposed to commas (,).

  • Commas are used as decimal points:
1.001 = "one thousand and one"
1,001 = "one point zero zero one"


Numbers

  • zero - null
  • one - eins
  • two - zwei
  • three - drei
  • four - vier
  • five - fünf
  • six - sechs
  • seven - sieben
  • eight - acht
  • nine - neun
  • ten - zehn
  • eleven - elf
  • twelve - zwölf
  • thirteen - dreizehn
  • fourteen - vierzehn
  • fifteen - fünfzehn
  • sixteen - sechzehn
  • seventeen - siebzehn
  • eighteen - achtzehn
  • nineteen - neunzehn
  • twenty - zwanzig
  • twenty one - einundzwanzig
  • thirty - dreißig
  • forty - vierzig
  • hundred - hundert
  • one hundred - einhundert