Fundamentals of Neuroscience

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Welcome to the Fundamentals of Neuroscience course at Wikiversity! This course provides a general introduction to the most essential principles of neuroscience, from neuron to perception, intended to give a strong foundational understanding of the human brain and nervous system so that this foundation can be expanded on by more advanced topics like those found elsewhere in Topic: Neuroscience.


A Chimpanzee brain

Conceptual Overviews:
Lesson 1: What is Neuroscience?
Lesson 2: Neural Cells
Lesson 3: Neural Signaling
Lesson 4: Classification of the Nervous System
Lesson 5: Divisions of the Brain

Focused Topics:
Lesson 6: Development
Lesson 7: Sleep
Lesson 8: Memory
Lesson 9: Language
Lesson 10: Emotion

Senses and Movement:
Lesson 11: Sight
Lesson 12: Hearing
Lesson 13: Taste and Smell
Lesson 14: Pain and Touch
Lesson 15: Movement

Lesson 16: Developmental Disorders
Lesson 17: Degenerative Disorders
Lesson 18: Psychiatric Disorders
Lesson 19: Injury Disorders
Lesson 20: Other Disorders

In addition, these supplemental lessons, which cover more technical topics, may be of interest:

Lesson A: Basic Cell Biology
Lesson B: Properties of Electrical Currents
Lesson C: Membrane Potential at Rest


Ready to test your knowledge? Go to the Exams section.


If you have questions or suggestions, feel free to contact Kernsters.

References and Resources[edit]

  • Topic: Neuroscience includes a wide variety of wikipedia and wikiversity topics
  • The Human Brain Book, by Rita Carter, contains many great overviews that are similar in complexity level to these lessons
  • Brain Facts, published by the Society for Neuroscience, is a very good free resource, covering a broad array of neuroscience topics at a comfortable depth
  • Neuroscience Online is a useful free-access and highly detailed textbook offered through the UTH Medical Center website.
  • Biology, by Campbell and Reece, has well-written but fairly short chapters on many relevent topics, plus offers a firm grounding for those strugling with the biology aspects of the course
  • Robert Sapolsky's Human Behavioral Biology lecture series, which can be found free online, is highly informative and entertaining, although hovers in difficulty level at an intermediate or slightly greater range
  • Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain, by Bear, Connors, and Paradiso is an excellent source of information at an advanced college level