Filipino has 23 consonants and 5 vowels, and is pronounced much like Spanish:
Vowels[edit | edit source]
a - as in father
e - as in echo
i - as in eager
o - as in boy
u - as in zoo
Note: Marks on top of vowels such as the "o" in tatló indicate that that syllable is stressed, although they are rarely used in everyday writing.
Consonants[edit | edit source]
b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, ñ, ng, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y, z
Most of the consonants are pronounced as in English (with less aspiration on the letters b, d, g, k, p, t) or as in Spanish.
- The letter C, as in English, can be pronounced as a /k/ or an /s/, depending on the word.
- Ñ is pronounced as /ny/ as in piñata.
- The single letter Ng is pronounced as the "ng" in singer.
- The geminate Ll is pronounced as /ly/ as in paleontology.
- Y can either be pronounced as the regular "y" as in yellow or "ee" as in Yng (a Filipino-Chinese last name).