Egyptology/Hatshepsut Project

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Hatshepsut in hieroglyphs
serekh or Horus name: Weseretkau
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Nebty name: Wadjrenput
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Golden Horus name: Netjeretkhau
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praenomen or throne name": Maatkare
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nomen or birth name: (Khnumet-Amun) Hatshepsut
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Hatshepsut was the daughter of Thutmose I and his wife Queen Ahmose. Hatshepsut married her half-brother Pharaoh Thutmose II. During the reign of her husband and brother Hatshepsut served as Great Royal Wife. When Thutmose II died, his son Thutmose III was very young and Hatshepsut assumed the role of regent for her young stepson. [1]

At some point in or before year 7 Hatshepsut assumed the role of Pharaoh. She would rule for approximately 22 years. Hatshepsut is one of only a handful of royal women who ruled Ancient Egypt. Hatshepsut took on the five-fold royal titulary of a Pharaoh

Museum collections[edit]

Items from the reign of Hatshepsut can be found in many museums across the world. A large collection of important artifacts can be found in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York similarly has a large number of statues and other artifacts.

Panorama of the room at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City dedicated to statues and artifacts of Hatshepsut

A list of object in museums around the world related to Hatshepsut is given on the Hatshepsut: Museum Collections page.

People associated with Hatshepsut[edit]

As Queen and Pharaoh Hatsepsut would have been surrounded with court officials and other notable people. A short (and necessarily incomplete) list:

  • Princess Neferure, daughter of Hatshepsut. Served as God's Wife of Amun.
  • Sitre called In, nurse of Hatshepsut
  • Senenmut, tutor of princess Neferure and Architect
  • Hapuseneb, High Priest of Amun and possibly vizier
  • Ahmose Pen-nekhbet, Army leader and tutor of princess Neferure.
  • Amethu called Ahmose, Vizier
  • Useramen, Vizier and son of Amethu called Ahmose
  • Seni, Viceroy of Kush during the early years
  • Ineni, Architect
  • Neshi, Chancellor, leader of the expedition to Punt, Chief treasurer. Buried in Saqqara (tomb discovered by Zivie)

Monuments[edit]

Temples[edit]

  • Deir el-Bahari Temple: Mortuary temple built for Hatshepsut in Thebes. The temple was called Djeser Djeseru in ancient times.
  • Chapelle Rouge, Karnak: Also called the Red Chapel, was originally constructed as a barque shrine.
  • Obelisk at Karnak Temple
  • Speos Artemidos: Temple at Beni Hasan (Batn el-Bakarah) dedicated to the lion goddess Pakhet [2] The Artemidos had an outer pillared hall and an inner sanctuary cut into the rock. [3] The temple was unfinished, but contained a dedication text denouncing the Hyksos rulers. The pillared hall shows Hatshepsut before various deities. An image of the goddess Pakhet was carved from the rock in a niche in the inner room. [4] The temple was later usurped by Pharaoh Seti I
  • Horus temple at Buhen:The ancient settlement of Buhen on the West Bank of Luxor was submerged with water during the flooding of Lake Nassar during the building of the Aswan Dam. Before the flooding, Buhen was excavated by British Egyptologist Walter Bryan Emery.[5] Saved from the flood waters, a temple to Horus which was built by Hatshepsut was dismantled and moved to the Sudan National Museum. Today, it resides there for all to see. (from: Hatshepsut Project blogspot)
  • Temple Building in Faras, Nubia

Inscriptions[edit]

  • Sinai: Year 11 stela showing Neferure and Senmut

Tombs[edit]

  • KV 20 was one of the first tomb to be constructed in the Valley of the Kings in Thebes. Originally constructed for Thutmose I, the tomb was later adapted for the burial of both Thutmose I and Hatshepsut. [6]
  • KV 60 was the tomb of Hatshepsut's nurse Sitre-In. Hatshepsut's mummy was found in this tomb. [7]
  • Rock Cut Tomb, in Thebes. This tomb was started for Hatshepsut when she was the great royal wife to Thutmose II. (Photographs)w

References[edit]

  1. Dodson, Aidan and Hilton, Dyan. The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson. 2004. ISBN 0-500-05128-3
  2. Speos Artemidos at digitalegypt (University College London)
  3. Tyldesley, Joyce. Hatchepsut: the female pharaoh. Viking, 1996. ISBN 0-670-85976-1
  4. Wilkinson, Richard H., The Complete Temples of Ancient Egypt, Thames and Hudson, 2000, ISBN 0-500-05100-3, p 139
  5. Emery 1963. Walter B. Emery. Egypt Exploration Society. Preliminary Report on the Excavation at Buhen. 1962. Kush 11 (1963). 116-120
  6. KV 20 from the Theban Mapping Project
  7. KV 60 from the Theban Mapping Project

Links[edit]