Education 4: Effectiveness of training in disease prevention for workers

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Bağriaçik, Ezgi, and Nurhan Bayraktar. “Effectiveness of Training in Disease Management for Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review.” Endocrinologia, Diabetes Y Nutricion, August 13, 2021, S2530-0164(21)00181-6.

Abstract[edit | edit source]

Introduction Diabetes mellitus (DM) is included in the disease group described as the pandemic of the century. Although disease management is possible, it can significantly reduce the quality of life when glycaemic control is poor. The objective of this systematic review was to examine the effectiveness of different educational programmes on the management of the disease among type 2 DM patients.

Methods[edit | edit source]

In the literature review, the flow chart of PRISMA-P (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols) was used. A literature search was conducted from 2010 to 2020 using the Ulakbim National Database, Google Scholar, Scopus, PubMed, Library, Science Direct, Web of Science, Medline, Ebscohost and Cochrane Library, and 18 English randomised controlled studies were included.

Results[edit | edit source]

Within the scope of these studies, it was found that individualised and face-to-face training and long-term follow-up after the training were effective on metabolic control. Peer support was also determined as an important factor in the efficacy of the training. In line with the training, the self-management and quality-of-life scores of the individuals with diabetes were positively affected.

Conclusions[edit | edit source]

It can be suggested that planned and regular training has a positive effect on metabolic control variables, self-management behaviours and quality of life of individuals with diabetes. Regular training for individuals with diabetes and follow-up for more than 6 months are recommended since they have a positive effect on the disease. It is also recommended to integrate peer support into training programmes.