Czech Language/Months and Dates

From Wikiversity
Jump to navigation Jump to search

What's the Date?[edit]

The following is a handy formula for expressing the date in Czech:

den, datum měsíc rok = (Week-)day, date month year.

Dates in Czech are little-endian. You'll note the month is not capitalised as it typically is in English. Furthermore the genitive case is used, because you're talking about the eleventh day of September, and not the eleventh September. The date is usually written as a numeral immediately followed by a period (.), indicating that it is an ordinal number.

As a final note, in the Czech Republic, most people express the shorthand date: DD.MM.YYYY.

For Example...[edit]

  • 5. října 1936 ("pátého října, devatenáct set třicet šest"): Václav Havel's birthdate.
  • 1. ledna 1993 ("prvního ledna, devatenáct set devadesát tři"): the "Velvet Divorce" leads to the creation of the Czech Republic.

Months in Czech[edit]

Czech is one of several languages that do not use the Latin names for months which are common in western Europe. Here are the months of the year in Czech:

měsíc = month
Month Locative
"in ..."
Genitive
"the 'nth' of ..."
Etymology
1 leden v lednu ledna from led = ice
2 únor v únoru února melting ice
3 březen v březnu března month of birch
4 duben v dubnu dubna month of oak
5 květen v květnu května month of flowering
6 červen v červnu června from červ = worm, or possibly červená = red
7 červenec v červenci července month of ripening ("reddening") fruit
8 srpen v srpnu srpna month of harvest, srp = sickle
9 září v září září from zářit = to shine, i.e. when the sun shines, without warming
10 říjen v říjnu října rutting season
11 listopad v listopadu listopadu month of falling leaves, from list (leaf) + padat (to fall)
12 prosinec v prosinci prosince There exist two versions, the name comes from the Proto-Slavic verb "prosiněti", indicating that this is the month when the sun only occasionally flashes through the clouds, or maybe because this month is time to slaughter pigs (prasata)

Seasons[edit]

roční období = seasons of the year.

  • jaro = spring
  • léto = summer
  • podzim = autumn
  • zima = winter

See Also[edit]