Colonial America/Week 1

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New England Colonies Notes[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

  • Natural: Timber, Fish, and Wide, deep Rivers
  • Human: Ship Builders, Artisans, and Fisherman
  • Capital: Metal tools and equipment and Buildings providing service.

Specialization[edit | edit source]

What are they really good at? Basically Specialization here means What the New England Colonies Produced.

  1. Fishing
  2. Shipbuilding
  3. Metal, tools, and equipment
  4. Naval supplies

Geography[edit | edit source]

  • Appalachian Mountains, hilly terrain, rocky soil, jagged coastline, and Boston Harbor.

What was the climate like?[edit | edit source]

New England Summers are neither very cold or very hot, but are relatively short.

New England Winters, on the other hand, are known for being long with a great deal of snow.

Social/Political Life[edit | edit source]

This is where New Englanders interacted with other people.

  1. The centers of life were Churches and Villages.
  2. There were many religious reformers and separatists (Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay)
  3. Political and civic (community) issues were discussed in Town Halls and Town Meetings.

Interdependence[edit | edit source]

Things New England could not produce for themselves and got from other colonial regions.

Mid Atlantic Colonies[edit | edit source]

Livestock and Grain.

Southern Colonies[edit | edit source]

Cottons, Tobacco, Rice, Indigo. Also for wooden products like lumber, tar, and pitch.

The Mid Atlantic Colonies[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

  • Natural: Rich, fertile, farm land and Rivers.
  • Human: Unskilled/Skilled Workers and Fisherman
  • Capital: Tools and Buildings

Specialization[edit | edit source]

  • Grain
  • Livestock
  • Fish

Geography[edit | edit source]

Appalachian Mountains, coastal lowlands, harbors and bays, wide and deep rivers.

What was the climate like?[edit | edit source]

Moderate and Mild summers and winters.

Social/Political Life[edit | edit source]

(Where Mid Atlantic Colonists interacted with other people)

  1. People lived in villages and cities
  2. Lifestyles were varied and diverse
  3. Religions were also diverse.
  4. Political and civic (community) issues were discussed in market towns.

Interdependence[edit | edit source]

Things the Mid Atlantic could not produce for themselves and got from other colonial regions.

New England Colonies[edit | edit source]

Metal tools and farming equipment.

Southern Colonies[edit | edit source]

Birkenpech.JPG

Tobacco, Rice, Indigo, Cotton, and forest products such as lumber, tar, and pitch.

The Southern Colonies[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Slaves were Africans captured from Africa and taken into the USA to work for the rest of their lives, they were never set to be free unless the owner decides he wants to free the slave he owns.
  • Natural: Fertile Farmlands, Rivers, and Harbors.
  • Human: Slaves, Farmers
  • Capital: Tools and buildings

Specialization[edit | edit source]

  • Tobacco
  • Rice
  • Cotton
  • Indigo
  • Lumber Products: Lumber, Tar and Pitch.

Geography[edit | edit source]

Appalachian Mountains, Piedmont, Atlantic Coastal Plain, good harbors and rivers.

What was the climate like?[edit | edit source]

Summers: Hot and Humid Winters: Mild; Little-Very Little Snow

Social/Political Life[edit | edit source]

  • People lived in Mansions on Plantations.
  • Large landowners relied on slaves and indentured servants for labors.
  • The Southern region had fewer Schools and fewer cities.
  • The colonists belonged to the Church of England.
  • Political and civic (community) issues were discussed in the local county seat.

Interdependence[edit | edit source]

Things the Southern Colonies could not produce for themselves and got from other colonial regions.

New England Colonies[edit | edit source]

Metal tools and equipment.

Mid Atlantic Colonies[edit | edit source]

Livestock and Grain.