Category talk:Places

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Universal Decimal Classification[edit]

Source :

(1/9) Common auxiliaries of place. Table 1e

Scope Note: The place auxiliaries indicate the geographical range, locality or other spatial aspect of a subject denoted by a main UDC number, e.g. 331.2(44) Wages in France, 338.47(81) Economics of transport in Brazil. Most importantly, place auxiliaries are the primary facet in the subdivision of 913 Regional geography and 94 History

Application Note: The (1/9) auxiliaries are applicable throughout the main tables if the place aspect is secondary to the subject. The place auxiliary is normally cited after the main number or subject notation, but, if desired, the order of numbers can be reversed allowing for all documents referring to the same place to be grouped together. E.g. 339.5(73) Foreign trade - USA, (73)339.5 USA - Foreign trade. Exceptionally, the place auxiliary alone might be adequate for classifying some kinds of document where the place aspect is the only one likely to be sought (e.g. some maps). In UDC Summary, the geo-political section of table (4/9) does not contain subdivisions beyond state level. Smaller units may be denoted by using special auxiliaries (1-2/-4) and/or alphabetical extension (Table 1h)

Examples of Combination(s):

(44-2) Communes of France

913 Regional geography 94 General history

(1) Place and space in general. Localization. Orientation

(100) Universal as to place. International. All countries in general

(1-0/-9) Special auxiliary subdivision for boundaries and spatial forms of various kinds

Application Note: The (1-0/-9) special auxiliaries may be combined with the (2/9) common auxiliaries to denote parts or aspects of specific areas. They may also be used with (1), with a general significance

(1-0) Zones Including: Limiting zones. Boundaries. Military zones. Unknown, unexplored regions

(1-1) Orientation. Points of the compass. Relative position

(1-11) East. Eastern

(1-12) South-east. South-eastern

(1-13) South. Southern

(1-14) South-west. South-western

(1-15) West. Western

(1-16) North-west. North-western

(1-17) North. Northern

(1-18) North-east. North-eastern

(1-19) Relative location, direction and orientation

(1-2/-4) Political units. Administrative units

Application Note: Special auxiliaries (1-2/-4) are applicable to (3/9), in which case they refer to specific localities; used in the form in which they are listed here, they refer to the administrative unit in general and related affairs

(1-2) Lowest administrative units. Localities Including: Districts, communes, municipalities etc.

(1-24) Joint local administrative units Including: Cantons

(1-25) Capital cities. Metropolises

(1-3) Larger units within the state

(1-32) Higher-level administrative units. Provinces

(1-35) Middle-level administrative units Including: Counties, departments etc.

(1-37) Lower-level administrative units Including: Arrondissements, circles, districts

(1-4) Units of highest (state) level. Nations. States. Confederations

(1-43) Constituent states within a confederation. Federal states. Autonomous republics

Examples of Combination(s):

(73-43) States of the USA

(1-44) Empires. Combination of mother-country, dominions and colonies

Examples of Combination(s):

(41-44) British Commonwealth and Empire generally

(1-5) Dependent or semi-dependent territories

(1-6) States or groupings of states from various points of view

(1-7) Places and areas according to privacy, publicness and other special features

(1-8) Location. Source. Transit. Destination

(1-9) Regionalization according to specialized points of view

(2) Physiographic designation

(20) Ecosphere

(21) Surface of the Earth in general. Land areas in particular. Natural zones and regions

551.4 Geomorphology. Study of the Earth's physical forms 551.8 Palaeogeography

(23) Above sea level. Surface relief. Above ground generally. Mountains

(24) Below sea level. Underground. Subterranean

551.44 Speleology. Caves. Fissures. Underground waters

(25) Natural flat ground (at, above or below sea level). The ground in its natural condition, cultivated or inhabited

(26) Oceans, seas and interconnections

(28) Inland waters 551.46 Physical oceanography. Submarine topography...

(28) Inland waters

(3/9) Individual places of the ancient and modern world

(3) Places of the ancient and mediaeval world

Scope Note: Class here countries known to Graeco-Roman antiquity, up to the fall of the western Roman Empire (ca. CE 476), and other places (e.g. pre-Columbian America) up to the 15th century. In the case of countries where this distinction is meaningless, all information may optionally be classed in (4/9)

(31) Ancient China and Japan

(32) Ancient Egypt

(33) Ancient Roman Province of Judaea. The Holy Land. Region of the Israelites Including: Jerusalem, Nazareth, Bethlehem, Sichem, Jericho

(34) Ancient India

(35) Medo-Persia

(36) Regions of the so-called barbarians Including: Germanic tribes, Celts, Slaves, Nordic peoples, Huns, Avars

(37) Italia. Ancient Rome and Italy

(38) Ancient Greece

(399) Other regions. Ancient geographical divisions other than those of classical antiquity

(399.7) Regions of ancient American cultures. Pre-Columbian America

(4/9) Countries and places of the modern world

Application Note: Details by special auxiliaries (1-0/-9) and/or alphabetical extension (Table 1h)

(4) Europe

(41) Countries of the British Isles

(410) United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

(417) Ireland. Republic of Ireland. Éire

(430) Germany. Federal Republic of Germany. Bundesrepublik Deutschland

(435.9) Luxembourg. Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Grand-Duché de Luxembourg. Grossherzogtum Luxemburg. Grousherzogdem Lëtzebuerg

(436) Austria. Republic of Austria. Republik Österreich

(437.3) Czech Republic. Czechia. Česko. Česká Republika

(437.6) Slovakia. Slovak Republic. Slovensko. Slovenská Republika

(438) Poland. Polish Republic. Rzeczpospolita Polska

(439) Hungary. Hungarian Republic. Magyarorszag. Magyar Köztársaság

(44) France. French Republic. République Française

(450) Italy. Republic of Italy. Repubblica Italiana

(454.4) San Marino. Most Serene Republic of San Marino. Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino

(456.31) Vatican. Vatican City State (Holy See). Stato della Città del Vaticano

(458.2) Malta. Republic of Malta. Repubblika ta' Malta

(46) Countries of the Iberian peninsula

(460) Spain. Kingdom of Spain. Reino de España

(467) Andorra. The Principality of Andorra. Principat d'Andorra

(469) Portugal. Portuguese Republic. República Portuguesa

(470+571) Russia. Russian Federation. Rossiya. Rossiiskaya Federatsiya

(474) Baltic states in general

(474.2) Estonia. Republic of Estonia. Eesti Vabariik

(474.3) Latvia. Republic of Latvia. Latvijas Republika

(474.5) Lithuania. Republic of Lithuania. Lietuvos Respublika

(476) Belarus. Republic of Belarus. Respublika Belarus

(477) Ukraine (Ukraina). Ukrayina

(478) Moldova. Republic of Moldova. Republica Moldoveneasca

(479) Countries of the Caucasus region

(57) Former Asiatic USSR

(479.22) Georgia. Republic of Georgia. Sakartvelo. Sakartvelos Respublika

(479.24) Azerbaijan. Azerbaijani Republic. Azərbaycan Respublikası

(479.25) Armenia. Republic of Armenia. Hayastan. Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun (Haikakan Hanrapetoutioun)

(48) Scandinavian States

(480) Finland. Republic of Finland. Suomi. Suomen Tasavalta. Republiken Finland

(481) Norway. Kingdom of Norway. Kongeriket Norge. Kongeriket Noreg

(485) Sweden. Kingdom of Sweden. Konungariket Sverige

(489) Denmark. Kingdom of Denmark. Kongeriget Danmark

(988) Greenland / Gronland (Denmark)

(491.1) Iceland. Republic of Iceland. Lýðveldið Ísland

(492) Netherlands. Kingdom of the Netherlands. Koninkrijk der Nederlanden

(493) Belgium. Kingdom of Belgium. Royaume de Belgique. Koninkrijk België. Königreich Belgien

(494) Switzerland. Swiss Confederation. Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft. Confédération suisse. Confederazione Svizzera. Confederaziun svizra. Confoederatio Helvetica

(494.9) Liechtenstein. Principality of Liechtenstein. Fürstentum Liechtenstein

(495) Greece. Hellenic Republic. Elliniki Dimokratia

(496.5) Albania. Republic of Albania. Shqipëria. Republika e Shqipërisë

(497) Balkan states

(497.11) Serbia. Republic of Serbia. Republika Srbija

(497.16) Montenegro. Crna Gora

(497.2) Bulgaria. Republic of Bulgaria. Bulharsko. Republika Bulgariya

(497.4) Slovenia. Republic of Slovenia. Republika Slovenija

(497.5) Croatia. Republic of Croatia. Republika Hrvatska

(497.6) Bosnia-Herzegovina. Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Bosna i Hercegovina

(497.7) Macedonia. Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Republika Makedonija

(498) Romania. Republic of Romania. România

(478) Moldova. Republic of Moldova. Republica Moldoveneasca

(5) Asia

Examples of Combination(s):

(5-11) Eastern Asia. Far East (5-15) Western Asia. Near and Middle East

(510) China. People's Republic of China. Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó

(512.317) Hong Kong. Xianggang (Hsiang-Kang)

(512.318) Macao (Macau). Aomen (Ao-men)

(515) Tibet. Tibet Autonomous Region. Xizang Zizhiqu

(517.9) Mongolia. State of Mongolia. Mongol Uls

(519) Korea

(519.3) North Korea. People's Democratic Republic of Korea... (519.5) South Korea. Republic of Korea. Taehan Min'guk

(519.3) North Korea. People's Democratic Republic of Korea. Chosŏn Minjujuŭi In'min Konghwaguk

(519) Korea

(519.5) South Korea. Republic of Korea. Taehan Min'guk

(519) Korea

(52) Japan and adjacent islands

(520) Japan. Nippon / Nihon. Nippon-koku / Nihon Koku

(529) Taiwan. Republic of China. Zhōnghuá Mínguó

(510) China. People's Republic of China...

(53) Arabian states and territories

(532) Saudi Arabia. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. al-Mamlaka al-ʻArabiyya as-Suʻūdiyya

(533) Yemen. Republic of Yemen. Al-Jumhūriyyah al-Yamaniyyah

(535) Oman. Sultanate of Oman. Salṭanat ʻUmān

(536) East Arabian states (Gulf states)

(536.2) United Arab Emirates. Dawlat al-Imārāt al-‘Arabīyah al-Muttaḥidah

(536.4) Qatar. State of Qatar. Dawlat Qaṭar

(536.5) Bahrain. Kingdom of Bahrain. Mamlakat al-Baḥrayn

(536.8) Kuwait. State of Kuwait. Dawlat al-Kuwayt

(54) States of the Indian subcontinent

(540) India. Republic of India. Bhārat Gaṇarājya

(541.31) Bhutan. Kingdom of Bhutan. Druk-yul. Druk Gyal Khab (Dru Gäkhap)

(541.35) Nepal. Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. Sanghiya Loktantrik Ganatantra Nepal

(548.7) Sri Lanka. Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. Sri Lankā Prajathanthrika Samajavadi Janarajaya. Illankai Chananaayaka Chosalisa Kudiyarasu

(548.82) Maldives. Republic of the Maldives. Divehi Rājjey ge Jumhuriyyā

(549.1) Pakistan. Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Islāmī Jumhūrī-ye Pākistān

(549.3) Bangladesh. People's Republic of Bangladesh. Gônoprojatontri Bangladesh

(55) Iran. Islamic Republic of Iran. Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān

(56) Levant. Asia Minor

(560) Turkey. Republic of Turkey. Türkiye Cumhuriyeti

(564.3) Cyprus. Republic of Cyprus. Kypriakí Dimokratía. Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti

(567) Iraq. Republic of Iraq. Jumhūriyat Al-Irāq. Komara Îraqê

(569.1) Syria. Syrian Arab Republic. Sūryā. Al-Jumhūriyyah al-ʿArabiyyah as-Sūriyyah

(569.3) Lebanon. Republic of Lebanon. Lubnān. Liban. al-Jumhūrīyah al-Lubnānīyah. République libanaise

(569.4) Israel. State of Israel. Medīnat Yisrā'el. Dawlat Isrā'īl

(569.5) Jordan. Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Urdunn / L'Ürdünn. al Mamlaka al Urduniya al Hashemiyah

(57) Former Asiatic USSR

(571) Russian Federation in Asia

(574) Kazakhstan. Republic of Kazakhstan. Qazaqstan Respūblïkasy. Respublika Kazakhstan

(575.1) Uzbekistan. Republic of Uzbekistan. O’zbekiston Respublikasi

(575.2) Kyrgyzstan. Republic of Kyrgyzstan. Kyrgyz Respublikasy. Kyrgyzskaya Respublika

(575.3) Tajikistan. Republic of Tajikistan. Jumhurii Tojikiston

(575.4) Turkmenistan. Republic of Tukmenistan.Turkmenia. Türkmenistan Respublikasy

(581) Afghanistan. Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. Afganistan. Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Afġānistān. Da Afġānistān Islāmī Jomhoriyat

(59) South-east Asian states and territories

(591) Myanmar (Burma). Republic of the Union of Myanmar. Pyidaunzu Thanmăda Myăma Nainngandaw

(592.3) Singapore. Republic of Singapore

(592.6) Brunei. State of Brunei Darussalam. Negara Brunei Darussalam

(593) Thailand. Kingdom of Thailand. Mueang Thai (Prathes Thai). Ratcha Anachak Thai

(594) Indonesia. Republic of Indonesia. Republik Indonesia

(595) Malaysia. Federation of Malaysia. Persekutuan Tanah Malaysia

(596/598) Indo-China

(596) Cambodia. Kingdom of Cambodia. Srok Khmae (Prateh Kampuchea). Preăh Réachéa Anachâk Kâmpŭchea

(597) Vietnam. Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam

(598) Laos. Lao People's Democratic Republic. Meuang Lao. Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao

(599) Philippines. Republic of the Philippines. Republika ng Pilipinas

(6) Africa

(61) North African states in general. Maghreb. Barbary States

(611) Tunisia. Republic of Tunisia. Tūnis / Tunis. Al-Jumhūriyya at-Tūnisiyya

(612) Libya. State of Libya. Lībyā

(620) Egypt. Arab Republic of Egypt. Miṣr. Ǧumhūrīyâtu Miṣra l-ʿArabīyâ

(624) Republic of the Sudan. Republic of South Sudan

Scope Note: Class here former Sudan state before its dissolution in 2011

(624.1) Sudan. al-Sūdān. Repubic of the Sudan... (624.4) Republic of South Sudan

(624.1) Sudan. al-Sūdān. Repubic of the Sudan. Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān

(624.4) Republic of South Sudan

(630) Ethiopia. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Ītyōṗṗyā. ye-Ītyōṗṗyā Fēdēralāwī Dīmōkrāsīyāwī Rīpeblīk / yä-Ityoṗya Federalawi Dimokrasiyawi Ripäblik

(635) Eritrea. State of Eritrea. Ertra. Hagəre Ertra (Dawlâtu Iritrīya)

(64) Morocco. Kingdom of Morocco. al-Maġrib. al-Mamlakâtu l-Maġribīyâ

(65) Algeria. People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria. Al Jaza'ir. Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah

(66) West African states and territories narrowly

(661.2) Mauritania. Islamic Republic of Mauritania. Mūrītāniyā. Al-Jumhūriyyah al-Islāmiyyah al-Mūrītāniyyah

(662.1) Mali. Republic of Mali. République du Mali

(662.5) Burkina Faso. People's Democratic Republic of Burkina Faso. République Démocratique Populaire de Burkina Faso

(662.6) Niger. Republic of Niger. République du Niger

(663) Senegal. Republic of Senegal. République du Senegal

(664) Sierra Leone. Republic of Sierra Leone

(665) The Gambia and Guinea

(665.1) The Gambia. Gambia. Republic of The Gambia

(665.2) Guinea. Republic of Guinea. République de Guinée

(665.7) Guinea-Bissau. Republic of Guinea-Bissau. República da Guiné-Bissau

(665.8) Cape Verde. Republic of Cape Verde. República de Cabo Verde

(666.2) Liberia. Republic of Liberia

(666.8) Côte d'Ivoire. Republic of Côte d'Ivoire. Ivory Coast. République de Côte d'Ivoire

(667) Ghana. Republic of Ghana

(668.1) Togo. Togolese Republic. République togolaise

(668.2) Benin. Republic of Benin. République du Bénin

(669.1) Nigeria. Federal Republic of Nigeria

(669.95) São Tomé and Príncipe. Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe. República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe

(67) Equatorial, central and eastern African states and territories

(671.1) Cameroon. United Republic of Cameroon

(671.8) Equatorial Guinea. Republic of Equatorial Guinea

(672.1) Gabon. Gabonese Republic. République Gabonaise

(672.4) Congo. Republic of the Congo. République du Congo. Repubilika ya Kongo. Republiki ya Kongó

(673) Angola. Republic of Angola

(674.1) Central African Republic

(674.3) Chad. Republic of Chad

(675) Democratic Republic of Congo. République Démocratique du Congo. Republiki ya Kongó Demokratiki. Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasia ya Kongo

(675.97) Burundi. Republic of Burundi

(675.98) Rwanda. Republic of Rwanda

(676.1) Uganda. Republic of Uganda

(676.2) Kenya. Republic of Kenya. Jamhuri ya Kenya

(677.8) Somalia. Federal Republic of Somalia. Jamhuriyadda Dimugradiga ee Soomaaliya. Jumhūrīyat aṣ-Ṣūmāl al-Fidirālīyah

(677.9) Djibouti. Republic of Djibouti. Jumhouriyya Djibouti

(678) Tanzania. United Republic of Tanzania

(679) Mozambique. Republic of Mozambique. República de Moçambique

(68) States and territories of Southern Africa

(680) South Africa. Republic of South Africa

(688.1) Namibia. Republic of Namibia

(688.3) Botswana. Republic of Botswana. Lefatshe la Botswana

(688.5) Lesotho. Kingdom of Lesotho. Muso oa Lesotho

(688.7) Swaziland. Kingdom of Swaziland. Umbuso weSwatini

(689.1) Zimbabwe. Republic of Zimbabwe

(689.4) Zambia. Republic of Zambia

(689.7) Malawi. Republic of Malawi

(69) African islands of the Indian and South Atlantic oceans

(691) Madagascar. Democratic Republic of Madagascar. Repoblikan'i Madagasikara

(694) Islands north of Madagascar Including: Comoros, Mayotte (France)

(696) Seychelles. Republic of Seychelles. République des Seychelles Including: Mahé, Praslin, Ile Silhouette, La Digue, North, Curieuse, Desroches, Farquhar group of islands, Cerf, Providence, Saint-Pierre, Cosmoledo Islands, Aldabra, Assumption, Astove Island

(697) British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) (UK) Including: Chagos Archipelago, Danger Island, Diego Garcia, Eagle, Peros Banhos, Salomon, Six Islands (Egmont Islands), Three Brothers (Trois Frères)

(698) Mascarene Islands Including: Réunion (France), Mauritius

(698.1) Réunion (France)

(698.2) Mauritius. Republic of Mauritius. Repiblik Moris. République de Maurice

(699) Outlying Islands in the South Indian and South Atlantic Oceans Including: Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK)

(99) Antarctic territories. South Polar regions

(7/8) America, North and South. The Americas

(7) North and Central America

(71) Canada

(72) Mexico. Central American states. Caribbean territories

(721/727) Mexico. United Mexican States. México (Méjico). Estados Unidos Mexicanos

(728) Central American states

(728.1) Guatemala. Republic of Guatemala. República de Guatemala

(728.2) Belize. Belice

(728.3) Honduras. Republic of Honduras. República de Honduras

(728.4) El Salvador. Republic of El Salvador. República de El Salvador

(728.5) Nicaragua. Republic of Nicaragua. República de Nicaragua

(728.6) Costa Rica. Republic of Costa Rica. República de Costa Rica

(728.7) Panama. Republic of Panama. República de Panamá

(729) Caribbean territories. West Indies (Antilles)

(729.1/.5) Greater Antilles

(729.1) Cuba. Republic of Cuba. República de Cuba

(729.2) Jamaica

(729.29) Cayman Islands (UK)

(729.3/.4) Hispaniola

(729.3) Dominican Republic

(729.4) Haiti. Republic of Haiti

(729.5) Puerto Rico. Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (USA)

(729.68) Turks and Caicos Islands (UK)

(729.7/.8) Lesser Antilles (Eastern Caribbean)

(729.7) Leeward Islands

(729.71) Virgin Islands of the United States (American Virgin Islands) (USA)

(729.724) St Kitts-Nevis. Federation of St Kitts-Nevis

(729.726) Antigua and Barbuda

(729.727) Montserrat (UK)

(729.74) French territories in Lesser Antilles

(729.741) Guadeloupe (region and department) (France)

(729.745) Martinique (region and department) (France)

(44) France. French Republic. République Française

(729.8) Windward Islands

(729.821) Dominica. Commonwealth of Dominica

(729.822) Saint Lucia. State of Saint Lucia

(729.824) Saint Vincent. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

(729.828) Grenada

(729.86) Barbados

(729.87) Trinidad and Tobago. Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

(729.88) Netherlands territories in Lesser Antilles (Caribees). Nederlandse Antillen. Antia Hulandes

(492) Netherlands. Kingdom of the Netherlands...

(729.885) Aruba (Kingdom of the Netherlands)

(729.9) Bermudas (Somers Islands) (UK)

(73) United States of America (USA)

(8) South America Including: Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Guyana, French Guiana, Suriname, Paraguay, Uruguay

(81) Brazil. Federative Republic of Brazil. República Federativa do Brasil

(82) Argentina. Argentine Republic. República Argentina

(83) Chile. Republic of Chile. República de Chile

(84) Bolivia. The Plurinational State of Bolivia. Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia. Bulibya Mamallaqta. Wuliwya Suyu. Tetã Volívia

(85) Peru. Republic of Peru. República del Perú

(862) Colombia. Republic of Colombia. República de Colombia

(866) Ecuador. Republic of Ecuador. República del Ecuador

(87) Venezuela. Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. República Bolivariana de Venezuela

(88) The Guianas

(881) Guyana. Co-operative Republic of Guyana

(882) French Guiana. Department of Guiana. Guyane française. Guyane (département d'outre-mer)

(883) Suriname. Republic of Suriname. Sranan. Republiek Suriname

(893) Paraguay. Republic of Paraguay. República del Paraguay. Tetã Paraguái

(899) Uruguay. Eastern Republic of Uruguay. República Oriental del Uruguay

(9) States and regions of the South Pacific and Australia. Arctic. Antarctic

(931) New Zealand

(932/935) Melanesia. States and regions of Melanesia

(94) Australia. Commonwealth of Australia

(954) Papua New Guinea. Independent State of Papua New Guinea

(961/964) Polynesia. States and regions of Polynesia

(966/968) Micronesia. States and regions of Micronesia

(97) Isolated Islands of the Pacific Ocean

(98) Arctic territories

(988) Greenland / Gronland (Denmark)

(489) Denmark. Kingdom of Denmark. Kongeriget Danmark

(99) Antarctic territories. South Polar regions