Canadian Wilderness

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The wilderness of Canada can be found outside its major cities and towns.

Animals Found There[edit | edit source]

There are many animals in the Canadian Wilderness. Some are:

  • ruffed grouse
  • moose
  • black bears
  • snowshoe rabbits


  • striped skunks

Cirque Glaciers[edit | edit source]

A quarter mile of glacial ice is all that remains from the retreat of the glacier of Southwind Fiord, Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada. Credit: Mike Beauregard from Nunavut, Canada.
Schematic profile of a cirque and cirque glacier, shows Bergschrund, randkluft and the headwall gap. Credit: Clem Rutter.

Cirques, as diagrammed at the left, are formed by a glacier (the cirque glacier) and usually exhibit a Bergschrund, randkluft and the headwall gap. The image at the right shows a glacier on Baffin Island that has retreated back to a cirque glacier.

Labrador[edit | edit source]

Nachvak Fjord, Torngat Mountains is in Labrador, Canada. Credit: Paul Gierszewski.
The Four Peaks group of mountains have maturely developed cirques, some of which are occupied by residual glaciers. Credit: Forbes, Alexander.

The Torngat Mountains have nominal coordinates of 59°25′N 64°30′W.

Yukon[edit | edit source]

Mount Logan, Canada, from NE, is seen from Kluane Icefield. Credit: Isteffen.
Two or more glaciers make the Kluane icefield. Credit: Steffen Schreyer.
Image du Keele Peak prise depuis l'extrémité Sud du lac en 2005. Credit: Alain Dutrevis.

Two or more glaciers as in the image on the left and second right make the Kluane icefield. Mount Logan has a location at 60°34'02"N 140°24'10"W.

Mount Vancouver is at 60.3361°N 139.6947°W.

Keele Peak has coordinates 63°25′53″N 130°19′26″W.

British Columbia[edit | edit source]

A young basaltic cinder cone and ice are on the flanks of Mount Edziza. Credit: nass5518.
Northeast face of Silverthrone Mountain is in the Ha-Iltzuk Icefield of southwestern British Columbia, Canada. Credit: nass5518.
This detailed astronaut photograph illustrates the ice-field—mostly covered by snow across the upper mountain slopes—and two major valley glaciers that extend from it. Credit: NASA Expedition 20 crew.

The ice on the young basaltic cinder cone in the image on the right is a glacier. The young cinder cone is on the flanks of Mount Edziza. Mount Edziza is located at 57°42'58"N 130°38'02"W.

Mount Silverthrone is located at 51°31'41.9"N 126°06'47.9"W.

Ha-Iltzuk Icefield has a nominal location at 51°25'N 125°55'W.

"The Heiltskuk (also written Ha-Iltzuk) Icefield covers an area of approximately 3,600 square kilometers (1,389 square miles) in the southern Coast Mountains of British Columbia. This detailed astronaut photograph illustrates the icefield—mostly covered by snow across the upper mountain slopes—and two major valley glaciers that extend from it. Valley glaciers are large masses of slowly flowing ice and entrained debris that move downhill, carving out wide U-shaped valleys in the process. The locations of former valley glaciers can frequently be identified by the presence of these U-shaped valleys on a now glacier-free landscape."[1]

"The two largest valley glaciers in the image, Silverthrone Glacier and Klinaklini Glacier, both flow towards Knight Inlet to the south (not shown). Several moraines—accumulations of rock and soil debris along the edges and surface of a glacier—are drawn out into long, dark lines by the flowing ice, and they extend along the length of both glaciers. The confluence of the two glaciers at image center illustrates how a moraine located along the side of a glacier can become a medial moraine, in the center of the joined ice mass. Smaller valley glaciers are visible near Mount Silverthrone""[1]

Mount Robson in British Columbia has coordinates 53.1106°N 119.1564°W.

Alberta[edit | edit source]

Mount Columbia (Alberta/BC) is photographed from the summit of Snow Dome. Credit: Geoffl.
Mount Hector on Icefields Parkway is in Alberta Canada Sept/2014. Credit: WikiPedant.
Mount Temple (3,543m/11,624') North face is in Banff National Park Canada. Credit: RedWolf.

Mount Columbia has coordinates 52°08′50″N 117°26′30″W.

Mount Hector is at 51°34′24″N 116°15′30″W in Banff National Park, Canada.

Mount Temple is located at 51.3506°N 116.2067°W.

Mount Joffre has coordinates 50°31′40″N 115°12′30″W.

Victoria Island[edit | edit source]

Mikkelsons Harbor has a ship for scale. Credit: ErinDriver.

Victoria Island is at 71°N 110°W.

Bathurst Island[edit | edit source]

Bathurst Island is in the Canadian arctic. Credit: NASA World Wind.

Bathurst Island is located at 75°46'N 99°47'W.

Devon Island[edit | edit source]

Devon Island is in the Canadian Arctic. Credit: NASA World Wind.

The Devon Ice Cap is on eastern Devon Island, Nunavut, Canada, at 75°20′52″N 82°10′26″W.

The Treuter Mountains (75°42′N 82°30′W are on eastern Devon Island, Nunavut, Canada. They are part of the Devon Ice Cap.

Ellesmere Island[edit | edit source]

Ellesmere Island is in the Canadian arctic. Credit: NASA World Wind.
This is the Agassiz Ice Cap. Credit: Paul Gierszewski.

Ellesmere Island is located at 79°50'N 78°W.

The Agassiz Ice Cap is located at 80°30'N 75°W.

Baffin Island[edit | edit source]

Baffin Island is in Nunavut, Canada. Credit: NASA World Wind.
Northeast coast of Baffin Island is north of the Community of Clyde River, Nunavut, Canada, from above (1000 m). Credit: Ansgar Walk.
Auyuittuq National Park contains the Qijuttaaqanngittuq Valley. Credit: Ansgar Walk.
Auyuittuq National Park contains the Penny Ice Cap. Credit: Ansgar Walk.
Northern end of Auyuittuq National Park is taken from Home Bay, Davis Strait. Credit: Ansgar Walk.

Baffin Island has a nominal position of 69°N 72°W.

The Penny Ice Cap has a nominal position at 67°15'N 66°W.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 William L. Stefanov (31 August 2009). "Heiltskuk Icefield, British Columbia". Washington,DC USA: NASA. Retrieved 2014-11-14.