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Subject classification: this is an engineering resource.

Building, in architecture, is any human-made structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any continuous occupancy.

Building of Palácio Nacional da Pena.

Buildings come in a wide amount of shapes and functions, and have been adapted throughout history for a wide number of factors, from building materials available, to weather conditions, to land prices, ground conditions, specific uses and aesthetic reasons.

Buildings serve several needs of society – primarily as shelter from weather and as general living space, to provide privacy, to store belongings and to comfortably live and work. A building as a shelter represents a physical division of the human habitat (a place of comfort and safety) and the outside (a place that at times may be harsh and harmful).

History[edit | edit source]

The first shelter on Earth constructed by a relatively close ancestor to humans is believed to be built 500,000 years ago by an early ancestor of humans.[1]

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See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "World's oldest building discovered". BBC News. 2000-03-01.