British Empire/Consolidation at Home and Abroad

From Wikiversity
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Nuvola apps kopete.png
British Empire
The trial of Charles I
10percent.svg Completion status: this resource is ~10% complete.


This module covers the period 1603-1707. Student Feedback and discussion of content is encouraged on the discussion page accessed by the tab above.


The Union of the Crowns[edit]

Union of the Crowns Badge: Tudor Rose dimidiated with the Scottish Thistle, used by King James I & VI to symbolised the personal union of his realm

With the death of Elizabeth I, James VI became the new Monarch of England, thereby uniting England and Scotland through the Union of the Crowns. James's accession to the throne was facilitated by the a series of secret correspondence conducted between James and courtiers in London. James' ambassadors, Earl of Mar and Edward Bruce, Commendator of Kinloss, first hoped to deal with Earl of Essex. However, as he was executed before their arrival, they were issued with new instructions[1] They gained the confidence of Robert Cecil and an understanding on the succession was reached, but their success was kept secret.[2] Following James' accession he became King James I of England. Never the less there were a number of plots which sought to overthrow him, the most notable being the Gunpowder Plot. James' attempts to have himself recognised as King of Great Britain were resisted both sides of the border.

The Impact of the Reformation[edit]

The English Revolution[edit]

The Scientific Revolution[edit]

The Royal Society was founded in November 1660 following a lecture by Christopher Wren at Gresham College. There was a mixture of both Royalists and Parliamentarians present when it was set up.

The Empire Comes of Age[edit]

The Glorious Revolution[edit]

Key Individuals[edit]

Isaac Newton[edit]

Isaac Newton (1642 – 1727)

Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658)


See also[edit]


  1. Dalrymple, David, Lord Hailes, Secret Correspondence, (1766), pp.1-12, James to Mar, 8 April 1601.
  2. Houlbrooke, Ralph Anthony, James VI and I: ideas, authority, and government, Ashgate (2006), p.40.