British Empire/Consolidation at Home and Abroad

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British Empire
The trial of Charles I
Completion status: this resource is ~10% complete.

Introduction[edit | edit source]

This module covers the period 1603-1707. Student Feedback and discussion of content is encouraged on the discussion page accessed by the tab above.

Resources[edit | edit source]

The Union of the Crowns[edit | edit source]

Union of the Crowns Badge: Tudor Rose dimidiated with the Scottish Thistle, used by King James I & VI to symbolised the personal union of his realm

With the death of Elizabeth I, James VI became the new Monarch of England, thereby uniting England and Scotland through the Union of the Crowns. James's accession to the throne was facilitated by the a series of secret correspondence conducted between James and courtiers in London. James' ambassadors, Earl of Mar and Edward Bruce, Commendator of Kinloss, first hoped to deal with Earl of Essex. However, as he was executed before their arrival, they were issued with new instructions[1] They gained the confidence of Robert Cecil and an understanding on the succession was reached, but their success was kept secret.[2] Following James' accession he became King James I of England. Never the less there were a number of plots which sought to overthrow him, the most notable being the Gunpowder Plot. James' attempts to have himself recognised as King of Great Britain were resisted both sides of the border.

The Impact of the Reformation[edit | edit source]

The English Revolution[edit | edit source]

The Scientific Revolution[edit | edit source]

The Royal Society was founded in November 1660 following a lecture by Christopher Wren at Gresham College. There was a mixture of both Royalists and Parliamentarians present when it was set up.

The Empire Comes of Age[edit | edit source]

The Glorious Revolution[edit | edit source]

Key Individuals[edit | edit source]

Isaac Newton[edit | edit source]

Isaac Newton (1642 – 1727)

Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658)

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Dalrymple, David, Lord Hailes, Secret Correspondence, (1766), pp.1-12, James to Mar, 8 April 1601.
  2. Houlbrooke, Ralph Anthony, James VI and I: ideas, authority, and government, Ashgate (2006), p.40.