Brazilian Portuguese/Lesson 4
Olá! Welcome to Lesson Four. Today we are going to be looking at things you can do in Brazil and places to go. We are also going to talk about gender of nouns.
Things to do
Imagine you're on vacation in Brazil! What might you want to do? You might want to go sightseeing, or if you're more lazy just spend the day on one of the country's many excellent beaches. Here are some -AR verbs to help talk about things you can do in Brazil.
Remember- Last lesson you learnt how to conjugate regular verbs; you just remove the last two letters from the end of the verb (either -AR, -ER or -IR) and replace it with an ending depending on the subject.
relaxar = to relax
tomar sol = to sunbathe
nadar = to swim
visitar = to visit
Eu relaxo na praia = I relax at the beach
Ela toma sol = She sunbathes
Nos nadamos no mar = We swim in the sea
Eles visitam Brasil = They visit Brazil
And some more phrases too...
Eu vejo as visitas = I see the sights
Eu me divirto = I have fun
There are also many activities you can do in Brazil that require the verb fazer (to do) so here it is...
|I do||Eu faço|
|You do||Você faz|
|He does||Ele faz|
|She does||Ela faz|
|We do||Nos fazemos|
|They do||Eles fazem|
Gender of nouns
In English, nouns don't have genders but in Portuguese they do. There's no need to worry though as it is relatively simple and you'll get the idea in no time.
Also, the words used for "a" and "the" change depending on whether the noun is masculine or feminine. Here is a little table showing the differences, plus a few examples
|Word||Masculine singular||Feminine singular||Masculine plural||Feminine plural|
Eu sou um homem- I am a man (Um is used because the word "homem" is masculine)
Eu sou uma mulher- I am a woman (Uma is used because the word "mulher" is feminine)
Eu compro a camisa- I buy the shirt (A is used because the word "camisa" is feminine)
Eu compro o chapeu- I buy the hat (O is used because the word "chapeu" is masculine)
Places to go
Let's get back to the theme of that vacation in Brazil! There are all sorts of places around the country you can go to, so let's learn how to say them, using the irregular verb ir (to go)
|I go||Eu vou|
|You go||Você vai|
|He goes||Ele vai|
|She goes||Ela vai|
|We go||Nos vamos|
|They go||Eles vão|
Some big cities in Brazil include Rio de Janiero, São Paulo, Brasília, Salvador, Recife, Natal and Manaus. Rio is always mentioned with an article: "Ele é do Rio de Janeiro".
I've also included a list of some more general places below...
|The city||a cidade|
|The town||a cidade|
|The beach||a praia|
|The coast||a costa|
|The countryside||o campo|
|The mountains||as montanhas|
|The pool||a piscina|
|The airport||o aeroporto|
|The museum||o museu|
|The rainforest||a floresta|
Just in case you want to talk about going to other countries, here is a list of a few of them in Portuguese (and most of them have an article)
|United States||os Estados Unidos|
|United Kingdom||o Reino Unido|