Brazilian Portuguese/Lesson 4

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Olá! Welcome to Lesson Four. Today we are going to be looking at things you can do in Brazil and places to go. We are also going to talk about gender of nouns.

Let's go!!!

Things to do[edit]

Imagine you're on vacation in Brazil! What might you want to do? You might want to go sightseeing, or if you're more lazy just spend the day on one of the country's many excellent beaches. Here are some -AR verbs to help talk about things you can do in Brazil.

Remember- Last lesson you learnt how to conjugate regular verbs; you just remove the last two letters from the end of the verb (either -AR, -ER or -IR) and replace it with an ending depending on the subject.


relaxar = to relax

tomar sol = to sunbathe

nadar = to swim

visitar = to visit


Examples-

Eu relaxo na praia = I relax at the beach

Ela toma sol = She sunbathes

Nos nadamos no mar = We swim in the sea

Eles visitam Brasil = They visit Brazil


And some more phrases too...

Eu vejo as visitas = I see the sights

Eu me divirto = I have fun


There are also many activities you can do in Brazil that require the verb fazer (to do) so here it is...

English Portugues
I do Eu faço
You do Você faz
He does Ele faz
She does Ela faz
We do Nos fazemos
They do Eles fazem

Gender of nouns[edit]

In English, nouns don't have genders but in Portuguese they do. There's no need to worry though as it is relatively simple and you'll get the idea in no time.

Also, the words used for "a" and "the" change depending on whether the noun is masculine or feminine. Here is a little table showing the differences, plus a few examples

Word Masculine singular Feminine singular Masculine plural Feminine plural
The o a os as
A um uma uns umas

Eu sou um homem- I am a man (Um is used because the word "homem" is masculine)

Eu sou uma mulher- I am a woman (Uma is used because the word "mulher" is feminine)

Eu compro a camisa- I buy the shirt (A is used because the word "camisa" is feminine)

Eu compro o chapeu- I buy the hat (O is used because the word "chapeu" is masculine)

Places to go[edit]

Let's get back to the theme of that vacation in Brazil! There are all sorts of places around the country you can go to, so let's learn how to say them, using the irregular verb ir (to go)

English Portugues
I go Eu vou
You go Você vai
He goes Ele vai
She goes Ela vai
We go Nos vamos
They go Eles vão

Some big cities in Brazil include Rio de Janiero, São Paulo, Brasília, Salvador, Recife, Natal and Manaus. Rio is always mentioned with an article: "Ele é do Rio de Janeiro".

I've also included a list of some more general places below...

English Portugues
The city a cidade
The town a cidade
The beach a praia
The coast a costa
The countryside o campo
The mountains as montanhas
The pool a piscina
The airport o aeroporto
The museum o museu
The rainforest a floresta

Just in case you want to talk about going to other countries, here is a list of a few of them in Portuguese (and most of them have an article)

English Portugues
United States os Estados Unidos
Canada o Canadá
United Kingdom o Reino Unido
Australia a Austrália
Portugal Portugal
France a França
Spain a Espanha
Italy a Itália
Germany a Alemanha