Beginner Japanese/Existence and Copula

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This lesson will teach you how to say that something exists or doesn't exist.

Reading[edit]

Read Expressing state-of-being.

Exercises[edit]

Edit the section below and write the exercise above in hiragana and kanji in this format:

====~~~(this signs your name)====
Hiragana:
*words form meaning
*words form meaning
*words form meaning
*words form meaning

Kanji:
*words form meaning
*words form meaning
*words form meaning
*words form meaning

It will be checked by a fellow student or instructor.
Japanese Existence and Copula/completed exercises contains corrected exercises.
Example: Hiragana:

  • いすだ declarative, is chair
  • いすじゃない negative, not chair
  • いすだった past, was chair
  • いすじゃなかった negative-past, wasn't chair

Kanji:

  • 椅子だ declarative, is chair
  • 椅子じゃない negative, not chair
  • 椅子だった past, was chair
  • 椅子じゃなかった negative-past, wasn't chair

Examples in polite speech: Hiragana:

  • いすです declarative, is chair
  • いすではありません negative, not chair
  • いすでした past, was chair
  • いすではありませんでした negative-past, wasn't chair

Kanji:

  • 椅子です declarative, is chair
  • 椅子ではありません negative, not chair
  • 椅子でした past, was chair
  • 椅子ではありませんでした negative-past, wasn't chair

Area to put Exercises[edit]

Yama da. Declarative.

Yama janai. Negative.

Yama datta. Declarative, past.

Yama janakatta. Negative, past.

Exercises using polite speech: Yama desu. Declarative

Yama dewaarimasen. Negative

Yama deshita. Declarative, past.

Yama Dewaarimasendeshita. Negative, past


IsidoreStabby (talk)[edit]

ひらがな:

  • でんわです polite present declarative '(it) is a telephone'
  • でんわでわありません polite negative present declarative '(it) is not a telephone'
  • でんわでした polite past declarative '(it) was a telephone'
  • でんわでわありませんでした polite past negative declarative 'it was not a telephone'
  • でんわだ plain present declarative '(it) is a telephone'
  • でんわじゃない plain present negative declarative '(it) is not a telephone'
  • でんわだった plain past declarative '(it) was a telephone'
  • でんわじゃなかった plain past negative declarative '(it) was not a telephone'

漢字:

  • 電話です polite present declarative '(it) is a telephone'
  • 電話でわありません polite negative present declarative '(it) is not a telephone'
  • 電話でした polite past declarative '(it) was a telephone'
  • 電話でわありませんでした polite past negative declarative 'it was not a telephone'
  • 電話だ plain present declarative '(it) is a telephone'
  • 電話じゃない plain present negative declarative '(it) is not a telephone'
  • 電話だった plain past declarative '(it) was a telephone'
  • 電話じゃなかった plain past negative declarative '(it) was not a telephone'

Assignment[edit]

Questions[edit]

Leave any question here.

See also[edit]


Project: Beginner Japanese
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