Bash programming/Bash History

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Bash Command history feature allows to recall, edit and rerun previous commands. Also allows commands to be saved using the history -a command[1][2].

Variables to control Bash History:

  • HISTFILE[3]: The default value is ~/.bash_history

Usage[edit | edit source]

  • Basic example:
export PROMPT_COMMAND='history -a'
  • Advanced examples:

Logging[edit | edit source]

If you wish to keep a record of your commands, you can configure bash to write a log file of entered commands.

Logging can be set up automatically by running these commands:

echo "local6.debug /var/log/commands.log" |sudo tee -a /etc/rsyslog.d/bash.conf >>/dev/null
echo "export PROMPT_COMMAND='"RETRN_VAL=\$?\;logger -p local6.debug "\"\$(whoami) \$(tty) \$(pwd) [\$\$]: \$(history 1 | sed \"s/^[ ]*[0-9]\\+[ ]*//\" ) [\$RETRN_VAL]"\"\' >>~/.bashrc
systemctl restart rsyslog
  • The first line creates a configuration file for rsyslog contaning the log file destination /var/log/commands.log, which may be changed as desired. The >>/dev/null part prevents redundantly outputting the text into the command line window.
  • The second adds the log line definition export PROMPT_COMMAND='RETRN_VAL=$?;logger -p local6.debug "$(whoami) $(tty) $(pwd) [$$]: $(history 1 | sed "s/^[ ]*[0-9]\+[ ]*//" ) [$RETRN_VAL]"' to ~/.bashrc, which runs upon each start of the terminal.
  • The third line restarts the rsyslog service to make the changes effective.

Activities[edit | edit source]

  1. Install bash customization

See also[edit | edit source]

  3. <