Astronomy college course/Unit 1 study guide

From Wikiversity
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Do not edit this document. Instead, report errors at Quizbank/Bugs_and_errors#Errors in Astronomy quizzes

AstroTest1_Study-v1s1

1. When did astronomy split between theoretical and observational branches?

___ a) In the 19th century
___ b) In the 18th century
___ c) After Galileo
___ d) In the 20th century
___ e) In the last decade


2. What does the Wikipedia 'Astronomy' call astrology?

___ a) the study of comets and asteroids
___ b) the study of planetary atmospheres
___ c) the belief system which claims that human affairs are correlated with the positions of celestial objects.
___ d) the belief that all people should learn astronomy
___ e) the study of planetary cores


3. Cosmology is the study of

___ a) the birth and death of stars
___ b) the formation of the solar system
___ c) planetary atmospheres
___ d) the universe as a whole
___ e) the oceans


4. What does the Wikipedia 'Astronomy' article say about astronomy and astrophysics

___ a) They often yield different results
___ b) They are often considered to be opposites
___ c) They must be in agreement or the result cannot be trusted
___ d) They are often considered to be synonymous
___ e) They are often in conflict


5. The goecentric theory put the Sun

___ a) at the center of the universe
___ b) orbiting around the Moon
___ c) at the center of the solar system
___ d) in orbit around Earth
___ e) none of the above or below are true


6. In the 3rd century BC, Aristarchus of Samos estimated the size of

___ a) Earth and the Moon
___ b) Earth and the Sun
___ c) the Moon and Sun
___ d) the Sun
___ e) the Moon


7. In the 19th century Fraunhoffer and Kirchoff studied light from the Sun and found

___ a) Mercury's shadow
___ b) a wobble that led to the discovery of new planets
___ c) a golden ring
___ d) sunspots and the sunspot cycle
___ e) spectral lines and concluded that they were caused by the elements


8. The ancient Greeks discovered (named) most of the constellations

___ a) in the eastern hemisphere
___ b) in both all hemispheres
___ c) in the western hemisphere
___ d) in the southern hemisphere
___ e) in the northern hemisphere


9. When did astronmers establish that the Milky way is only one of many billions of galaxies in the universe?

___ a) 18th century
___ b) 14th century
___ c) 20th century
___ d) 16th century


10. According to the Wikipedia Astronomy article, the first known efforts in the mathematical and scientific study of Astronomy began

___ a) in south America
___ b) in ancient Greece
___ c) among the Chinese
___ d) among the Babylonians
___ e) in central America


11. How many years did it take before Europe made a device as sophisticated as Antikythera?

___ a) 3000 years
___ b) 15,000 years
___ c) 300 years
___ d) 1500 years
___ e) 30 years


12. The saro cycle was about repeating cycles of

___ a) eclipses
___ b) planets
___ c) seasons


13.
Galileo moon phases.jpg
Who drew these sketches?



___ a) Ptolemy
___ b) Aristotle
___ c) Kepler
___ d) Galileo
___ e) Copernicus


14. In what century was parallax first used to measure the distance to a Star (other than our Sun)?

___ a) 17th century
___ b) 18th century
___ c) 20th century
___ d) 16th century
___ e) 19th century


15. The largest galaxy in the local group is

___ a) M-31
___ b) M52
___ c) Milky way
___ d) Andromeda
___ e) ant-galexy


16. What two names are associated with the first new planet found (after those known by the ancients using the naked eye)

___ a) Mars and the Candy Bar
___ b) Pluto and Goofy
___ c) Mercury and Friendship
___ d) Uranus and George's Star
___ e) Neptune and the Alabama Streaker


17. The historical record shows that in 1066 AD a supernovae was discovered by astronomers in _____ and _____

___ a) Greece and China
___ b) Egypt and China
___ c) Greece and North America
___ d) China and South America
___ e) Greece and Central America


18.
Ant Nebula.jpg
What is this?
___ a) a supernovae remnant
___ b) the magnetic field of Venus
___ c) the magnetic field of Saturn
___ d) colliding galaxies
___ e) a dying star


19. Wihlem Conrad Rontgen, a pioneer in X-rays is famous for his photo of

___ a) a supernovae
___ b) his wife
___ c) Barnard's star
___ d) a double star
___ e) The Sun


20. Earth based infrared observatories tend to be located in

___ a) near the north and south poles
___ b) where the air is dry
___ c) where the air is cold
___ d) near the equator
___ e) underground


21. The shortest wavelength of electromagnetic radiation is associated with

___ a) ultra violet
___ b) gamma rays
___ c) infrared
___ d) blue light
___ e) X-rays


22.
Grav.lens1.arp.750pix.jpg
What are the blue things in this figure?

___ a) a globular cluster
___ b) one galaxy
___ c) a cluster of galaxy
___ d) none of these is correct
___ e) an open cluster of stars


23. Most of the ______ that astronomers observe from Earth is seen in the form of synchrotron radiation, which is produced when electrons oscillate around magnetic fields.

___ a) energy
___ b) meteors
___ c) radio waves
___ d) meteorites
___ e) photons


24. Most gamma rays are

___ a) the Andromeda galaxy
___ b) in bursts
___ c) from hot stars
___ d) from cold stars
___ e) from the Sun


25. Studies in the infrared are useful for objects that are

___ a) in other galaxies
___ b) associated with supernovae
___ c) cold
___ d) in our own galaxy
___ e) inside the solar system


26. The best place to observe neutrinos is

___ a) near the equator
___ b) where the air is dry
___ c) near the north and south poles
___ d) underground
___ e) where the air is cold


27. An active galaxy is emitting a significant amount of its energy from _____

___ a) nuclear fission
___ b) exploding stars
___ c) magnetism
___ d) gravity
___ e) nuclear fusion


28. The Wikipedia article Sidereus Nuncius suggests that the inventor of the telescope was likely to be

___ a) Galileo
___ b) none of these
___ c) a Chinese scientist
___ d) A Greek scholar
___ e) a lensmaker


29. Galileo called his telescope

___ a) a mistake
___ b) the liberator
___ c) a double magnifying glass
___ d) an optical cannon
___ e) the magic eye


30. The "terminator" for Galileo was

___ a) the most distant star he could see
___ b) sunrise or sunset
___ c) the division between east and west
___ d) his trial for heresy
___ e) the equator


31. Galileo used the terminator to

___ a) deduce the color beneath the dust layer
___ b) observe the wobble of the Moon's orbit
___ c) compensate for stellar parallax
___ d) none of these
___ e) correlate color with whether the region had mountains


32. Galileo used the terminator to

___ a) publicize his ideas
___ b) correlate dark and light regions with terrain
___ c) measure the height of mountains
___ d) two of these
___ e) compensate for stellar parallax


33. What statement is FALSE about Galileo and the Median Stars

___ a) Galileo named them after a famous and wealthy family
___ b) they were lined up
___ c) they are actually moons
___ d) they were described by Aristotle
___ e) motion could be observed after observing a moon for just one hour


34. The title of Galileo's book, Sidereus Nuncius, is often translated as ____, but it is probably more proper to translate it as _______

___ a) the motion of the stars - - the location of the stars
___ b) Starry messenger - - Starry message
___ c) the Moon close up - - the Moon through a telescope
___ d) the motion of the earth - - the location of the earth
___ e) the moons of Jupiter


35. The Wikipedia article, Sidereus Nuncius, points out that what the ancient Greek scientist thought was a cloudy star was really

___ a) a planetary nebula
___ b) a supernovae remnant
___ c) a comet
___ d) many faint stars
___ e) the rings of Saturn


36. Galileo's naming of the "Medicean Stars"

___ a) two of these are true
___ b) was controversial because stars were supposed to be named after Roman gods
___ c) broke an agreement he made with the Pope to stop writing about astronomy
___ d) caused his house arrest
___ e) might have earned him a promotion


37. When the German astronomy Marius provided evidence that he (Marius) had first seen the moons of Jupiter, Galileo

___ a) used his political contacts to ensure that he (Galileo) would get credit
___ b) appealed to the Pope
___ c) pointed out that the telescope Marius was using could not have seen the Moons
___ d) won the argument using his knowledge of calendars
___ e) didn't care; he was a true scientist


38. Prior to the publication of Sidereus Nuncius, the Church

___ a) had outlawed all discussion of the Copernican heliocentric system
___ b) had given Galileo a commission to look into the Copernican heliocentric system
___ c) none of these are true (according to the Wikipedia permalink to Sidereus Nuncius.)
___ d) was unaware of any controversy concerning the Copernican heliocentric system
___ e) accepted the Copernican heliocentric system as strictly mathematical and hypothetical


39. The Ptolemaic system was geocentric.

___ a) TRUE
___ b) FALSE


40. The Ptolemaic system was heliocentric.

___ a) TRUE
___ b) FALSE


41. Most ancient Roman and most medieval scholars thought the Earth was flat.

___ a) TRUE
___ b) FALSE


42. Evidence for the Copernican system is that the Earth does not seem to move.

___ a) TRUE
___ b) FALSE


43. The ancient Greeks believed in circular orbits, causing them to devise the epicycle and the deferent.

___ a) TRUE
___ b) FALSE


44. Copernicus was a university-trained Catholic priest dedicated to astronomy.

___ a) TRUE
___ b) FALSE


45. In the late 16th century, Tycho Brahe invented his system to resolve philosophical and what he called “physical" problems with the geocentric theory.

___ a) TRUE
___ b) FALSE


46. Copernicus shared his heliocentric theory with colleagues decades before he died.

___ a) TRUE
___ b) FALSE


47. In the late 16th century, Tycho Brahe invented his system to resolve philosophical and what he called “physical" problems with the heliocentric theory.

___ a) TRUE
___ b) FALSE


48. An argument used to support the geocentric model held that heavenly bodies, while perhaps large, were able to move quickly.

___ a) TRUE
___ b) FALSE


49. Tycho tended to favor religious arguments over scientific arguments when justifying his opinions about the geocentric/heliocentric controversy.

___ a) TRUE
___ b) FALSE


50. Tycho was the first to propose an earth-orbiting sun had planets in orbit around the Sun.

___ a) TRUE
___ b) FALSE


51. At 6am a new moon would be

___ a) below the horizon
___ b) western horizon
___ c) overhead
___ d) eastern horizon


52. At midnight a third quarter moon would be

___ a) western horizon
___ b) overhead
___ c) below the horizon
___ d) eastern horizon


53. At noon a third quarter moon would be

___ a) western horizon
___ b) below the horizon
___ c) eastern horizon
___ d) overhead


54. At midnight a 1st quarter moon would be

___ a) eastern horizon
___ b) below the horizon
___ c) overhead
___ d) western horizon


55. At 6pm a new moon would be

___ a) eastern horizon
___ b) below the horizon
___ c) western horizon
___ d) overhead


56. At noon a 1st quarter moon would be

___ a) western horizon
___ b) overhead
___ c) below the horizon
___ d) eastern horizon


57. At 6pm a third quarter moon would be

___ a) western horizon
___ b) overhead
___ c) eastern horizon
___ d) below the horizon


58. At noon a new moon would be

___ a) eastern horizon
___ b) overhead
___ c) western horizon
___ d) below the horizon


59. At midnight a full moon would be

___ a) western horizon
___ b) eastern horizon
___ c) below the horizon
___ d) overhead


60. At 6pm a full moon would be

___ a) overhead
___ b) below the horizon
___ c) eastern horizon
___ d) western horizon


Key to AstroTest1_Study-v1s1

1. When did astronomy split between theoretical and observational branches?

- a) In the 19th century
- b) In the 18th century
- c) After Galileo
+ d) In the 20th century
- e) In the last decade


2. What does the Wikipedia 'Astronomy' call astrology?

- a) the study of comets and asteroids
- b) the study of planetary atmospheres
+ c) the belief system which claims that human affairs are correlated with the positions of celestial objects.
- d) the belief that all people should learn astronomy
- e) the study of planetary cores


3. Cosmology is the study of

- a) the birth and death of stars
- b) the formation of the solar system
- c) planetary atmospheres
+ d) the universe as a whole
- e) the oceans


4. What does the Wikipedia 'Astronomy' article say about astronomy and astrophysics

- a) They often yield different results
- b) They are often considered to be opposites
- c) They must be in agreement or the result cannot be trusted
+ d) They are often considered to be synonymous
- e) They are often in conflict


5. The goecentric theory put the Sun

- a) at the center of the universe
- b) orbiting around the Moon
- c) at the center of the solar system
+ d) in orbit around Earth
- e) none of the above or below are true


6. In the 3rd century BC, Aristarchus of Samos estimated the size of

- a) Earth and the Moon
- b) Earth and the Sun
+ c) the Moon and Sun
- d) the Sun
- e) the Moon


7. In the 19th century Fraunhoffer and Kirchoff studied light from the Sun and found

- a) Mercury's shadow
- b) a wobble that led to the discovery of new planets
- c) a golden ring
- d) sunspots and the sunspot cycle
+ e) spectral lines and concluded that they were caused by the elements


8. The ancient Greeks discovered (named) most of the constellations

- a) in the eastern hemisphere
- b) in both all hemispheres
- c) in the western hemisphere
- d) in the southern hemisphere
+ e) in the northern hemisphere


9. When did astronmers establish that the Milky way is only one of many billions of galaxies in the universe?

- a) 18th century
- b) 14th century
+ c) 20th century
- d) 16th century


10. According to the Wikipedia Astronomy article, the first known efforts in the mathematical and scientific study of Astronomy began

- a) in south America
- b) in ancient Greece
- c) among the Chinese
+ d) among the Babylonians
- e) in central America


11. How many years did it take before Europe made a device as sophisticated as Antikythera?

- a) 3000 years
- b) 15,000 years
- c) 300 years
+ d) 1500 years
- e) 30 years


12. The saro cycle was about repeating cycles of

+ a) eclipses
- b) planets
- c) seasons


13.
Galileo moon phases.jpg
Who drew these sketches?



- a) Ptolemy
- b) Aristotle
- c) Kepler
+ d) Galileo
- e) Copernicus


14. In what century was parallax first used to measure the distance to a Star (other than our Sun)?

- a) 17th century
- b) 18th century
- c) 20th century
- d) 16th century
+ e) 19th century


15. The largest galaxy in the local group is

- a) M-31
- b) M52
- c) Milky way
+ d) Andromeda
- e) ant-galexy


16. What two names are associated with the first new planet found (after those known by the ancients using the naked eye)

- a) Mars and the Candy Bar
- b) Pluto and Goofy
- c) Mercury and Friendship
+ d) Uranus and George's Star
- e) Neptune and the Alabama Streaker


17. The historical record shows that in 1066 AD a supernovae was discovered by astronomers in _____ and _____

- a) Greece and China
+ b) Egypt and China
- c) Greece and North America
- d) China and South America
- e) Greece and Central America


18.
Ant Nebula.jpg
What is this?
- a) a supernovae remnant
- b) the magnetic field of Venus
- c) the magnetic field of Saturn
- d) colliding galaxies
+ e) a dying star


19. Wihlem Conrad Rontgen, a pioneer in X-rays is famous for his photo of

- a) a supernovae
+ b) his wife
- c) Barnard's star
- d) a double star
- e) The Sun


20. Earth based infrared observatories tend to be located in

- a) near the north and south poles
+ b) where the air is dry
- c) where the air is cold
- d) near the equator
- e) underground


21. The shortest wavelength of electromagnetic radiation is associated with

- a) ultra violet
+ b) gamma rays
- c) infrared
- d) blue light
- e) X-rays


22.
Grav.lens1.arp.750pix.jpg
What are the blue things in this figure?

- a) a globular cluster
+ b) one galaxy
- c) a cluster of galaxy
- d) none of these is correct
- e) an open cluster of stars


23. Most of the ______ that astronomers observe from Earth is seen in the form of synchrotron radiation, which is produced when electrons oscillate around magnetic fields.

- a) energy
- b) meteors
+ c) radio waves
- d) meteorites
- e) photons


24. Most gamma rays are

- a) the Andromeda galaxy
+ b) in bursts
- c) from hot stars
- d) from cold stars
- e) from the Sun


25. Studies in the infrared are useful for objects that are

- a) in other galaxies
- b) associated with supernovae
+ c) cold
- d) in our own galaxy
- e) inside the solar system


26. The best place to observe neutrinos is

- a) near the equator
- b) where the air is dry
- c) near the north and south poles
+ d) underground
- e) where the air is cold


27. An active galaxy is emitting a significant amount of its energy from _____

- a) nuclear fission
- b) exploding stars
- c) magnetism
+ d) gravity
- e) nuclear fusion


28. The Wikipedia article Sidereus Nuncius suggests that the inventor of the telescope was likely to be

- a) Galileo
- b) none of these
- c) a Chinese scientist
- d) A Greek scholar
+ e) a lensmaker


29. Galileo called his telescope

- a) a mistake
- b) the liberator
- c) a double magnifying glass
+ d) an optical cannon
- e) the magic eye


30. The "terminator" for Galileo was

- a) the most distant star he could see
+ b) sunrise or sunset
- c) the division between east and west
- d) his trial for heresy
- e) the equator


31. Galileo used the terminator to

- a) deduce the color beneath the dust layer
- b) observe the wobble of the Moon's orbit
- c) compensate for stellar parallax
- d) none of these
+ e) correlate color with whether the region had mountains


32. Galileo used the terminator to

- a) publicize his ideas
- b) correlate dark and light regions with terrain
- c) measure the height of mountains
+ d) two of these
- e) compensate for stellar parallax


33. What statement is FALSE about Galileo and the Median Stars

- a) Galileo named them after a famous and wealthy family
- b) they were lined up
- c) they are actually moons
+ d) they were described by Aristotle
- e) motion could be observed after observing a moon for just one hour


34. The title of Galileo's book, Sidereus Nuncius, is often translated as ____, but it is probably more proper to translate it as _______

- a) the motion of the stars - - the location of the stars
+ b) Starry messenger - - Starry message
- c) the Moon close up - - the Moon through a telescope
- d) the motion of the earth - - the location of the earth
- e) the moons of Jupiter


35. The Wikipedia article, Sidereus Nuncius, points out that what the ancient Greek scientist thought was a cloudy star was really

- a) a planetary nebula
- b) a supernovae remnant
- c) a comet
+ d) many faint stars
- e) the rings of Saturn


36. Galileo's naming of the "Medicean Stars"

+ a) two of these are true
- b) was controversial because stars were supposed to be named after Roman gods
- c) broke an agreement he made with the Pope to stop writing about astronomy
- d) caused his house arrest
- e) might have earned him a promotion


37. When the German astronomy Marius provided evidence that he (Marius) had first seen the moons of Jupiter, Galileo

- a) used his political contacts to ensure that he (Galileo) would get credit
- b) appealed to the Pope
- c) pointed out that the telescope Marius was using could not have seen the Moons
+ d) won the argument using his knowledge of calendars
- e) didn't care; he was a true scientist


38. Prior to the publication of Sidereus Nuncius, the Church

- a) had outlawed all discussion of the Copernican heliocentric system
- b) had given Galileo a commission to look into the Copernican heliocentric system
- c) none of these are true (according to the Wikipedia permalink to Sidereus Nuncius.)
- d) was unaware of any controversy concerning the Copernican heliocentric system
+ e) accepted the Copernican heliocentric system as strictly mathematical and hypothetical


39. The Ptolemaic system was geocentric.

+ a) TRUE
- b) FALSE


40. The Ptolemaic system was heliocentric.

- a) TRUE
+ b) FALSE


41. Most ancient Roman and most medieval scholars thought the Earth was flat.

- a) TRUE
+ b) FALSE


42. Evidence for the Copernican system is that the Earth does not seem to move.

- a) TRUE
+ b) FALSE


43. The ancient Greeks believed in circular orbits, causing them to devise the epicycle and the deferent.

+ a) TRUE
- b) FALSE


44. Copernicus was a university-trained Catholic priest dedicated to astronomy.

+ a) TRUE
- b) FALSE


45. In the late 16th century, Tycho Brahe invented his system to resolve philosophical and what he called “physical" problems with the geocentric theory.

- a) TRUE
+ b) FALSE


46. Copernicus shared his heliocentric theory with colleagues decades before he died.

+ a) TRUE
- b) FALSE


47. In the late 16th century, Tycho Brahe invented his system to resolve philosophical and what he called “physical" problems with the heliocentric theory.

+ a) TRUE
- b) FALSE


48. An argument used to support the geocentric model held that heavenly bodies, while perhaps large, were able to move quickly.

+ a) TRUE
- b) FALSE


49. Tycho tended to favor religious arguments over scientific arguments when justifying his opinions about the geocentric/heliocentric controversy.

- a) TRUE
+ b) FALSE


50. Tycho was the first to propose an earth-orbiting sun had planets in orbit around the Sun.

- a) TRUE
+ b) FALSE


51. At 6am a new moon would be

- a) below the horizon
- b) western horizon
- c) overhead
+ d) eastern horizon


52. At midnight a third quarter moon would be

- a) western horizon
- b) overhead
- c) below the horizon
+ d) eastern horizon


53. At noon a third quarter moon would be

+ a) western horizon
- b) below the horizon
- c) eastern horizon
- d) overhead


54. At midnight a 1st quarter moon would be

- a) eastern horizon
- b) below the horizon
- c) overhead
+ d) western horizon


55. At 6pm a new moon would be

- a) eastern horizon
- b) below the horizon
+ c) western horizon
- d) overhead


56. At noon a 1st quarter moon would be

- a) western horizon
- b) overhead
- c) below the horizon
+ d) eastern horizon


57. At 6pm a third quarter moon would be

- a) western horizon
- b) overhead
- c) eastern horizon
+ d) below the horizon


58. At noon a new moon would be

- a) eastern horizon
+ b) overhead
- c) western horizon
- d) below the horizon


59. At midnight a full moon would be

- a) western horizon
- b) eastern horizon
- c) below the horizon
+ d) overhead


60. At 6pm a full moon would be

- a) overhead
- b) below the horizon
+ c) eastern horizon
- d) western horizon


Attribution (for quiz questions) under CC-by-SA license
http://en.wikiversity.org/w/index.php?title=Astronomy_college_course/Astronomy_(wikipedia)/Quiz01&oldid=1387156
https://en.wikiversity.org/w/index.php?title=Astronomy_college_course/Astronomy_(wikipedia)/Quiz02&oldid=1387715
https://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Astronomy_college_course/Wikipedia_Sidereus_Nuncius/Quiz01
http://en.wikiversity.org/w/index.php?title=Astronomy_college_course/Ptolemy,_Copernicus_and_Tycho_systems/Quiz01&oldid=1388143
http://en.wikiversity.org/w/index.php?title=Astronomy_college_course/Lunar_Phases/Quiz(simple)&oldid=1388138
Study guide
http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Astronomy&oldid=586057527
http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sidereus_Nuncius&oldid=587554840
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Guy_vandegrift/Astronomy_college_course/Ptolemy,_Copernicus_and_Tycho_systems
http://en.wikiversity.org/w/index.php?title=Astronomy_college_course/Lunar_Phases&oldid=1190185