Fundamental Mathematics/Arithmetic
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Contents
Arithmetic Number[edit]

Natural number The numbers which are generally used in our day to day life for counting are
termed as natural numbers. They are also referred to as "counting" numbers, Even number Number divides by 2 without remainder . Even number is denotes as 2N Odd number Number divides by 2 with remainder Odd number is denotes as 2N+1 Prime number Number divides by 1 and itself without remainder . Prime number is denoted as P Integer Signed numbers Fraction Complex Number number made up of real and imaginary number Imaginary Number
Arithmetic Operations[edit]
Mathematical Operations on arithmetic numbers

Mathematical Operation Symbol Example Addition Subtraction Multiplication Division Exponentiation Root Logarithm Ln
Arithmetic Expression[edit]
Example[edit]
Operation Arithmetic Expression[edit]
Order of performing mathematical operation on expression follows
 Parenthesis . {}, [] , ()
 Power .
 Plus, Minus,Multiply,Divide . +, , x , /
Example
Coordination[edit]
Cartesian Coordinate[edit]
Polar Coordinate[edit]
Real Number Coordination[edit]
A point in XY co ordinate can be presented as () and () in R θ co ordinate
 A , () , ()

Scalar maths Vector Maths
Complex Number Coordination[edit]
A point in XY co ordinate can be presented as (X,Y) and (Z,θ) in Z θ co ordinate
Arithematic Function[edit]
Function is an arithmetical expression relate 2 variables . Function is denoted as
meaning for any value of x there is a corresponding value y=f(x)
Where
 x  indepent variable
 x  depent variable
 f(x)  function of x
Graph of function[edit]

x 2 1 0 1 2 f(x) 2 1 0 1 2
 Straight line passing through origin point (0,0) with slope equals 1

x 2 1 0 1 2 f(x) 4 2 0 2 4
 Straight line passing through origin point (0,0) with slope equals 2

x 2 1 0 1 2 f(x) 1 1 3 5 7
 Straight line with slope equals 2 has x intercept (3/2,0) and y intercept (0,3)
Types of Functions[edit]
Mathematical operations on function[edit]
Arithmetic Equation[edit]
Arithmetic Equation is a expression of a function of variable that has value equal to zero
Equation can be solve to find value of variable that satisfy equation . The process finding value of variable is called Root finding . All value of variable that would make its function equal to zero is called Root of the equation
Example[edit]
 Equation .
 Root .
 is the root of the equation since substitution the value of x in the equation we have
Types of equations[edit]
 Polynomial Equation
 Differential Equation
 Partial Differential Equation
 Linear equation
 System of linear equations
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