Aquaria/Reefkeeping

From Wikiversity
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The image shows a Sargassum Triggerfish. Credit: Cliff.

Reefkeeping, or reef-keeping and sometimes reef keeping, is a marine aquarist hobby of creating, maintaining, and actively sustaining a living captive reef, within an aquarium, complete with various life forms common to coral or other types of reefs.

Contents

Introduction[edit]

This is a reef aquarium in Monoco. Credit: Filip Maljkovic.

"An aquarium (plural aquariums or aquaria) is a clear-sided container in which water-dwelling plants and animals (usually fish, and sometimes invertebrates, as well as amphibians, marine mammals, and reptiles) are kept in captivity, often for public display; or it is an establishment featuring such displays."[1]

Audience[edit]

Scope[edit]

Science of Reefkeeping[edit]

In Nature[edit]

Physics[edit]

Light[edit]

Two light levels: photosynthetically active radiation (PAR, ~400-700 nm), PAR of 80 versus 180 µmol m-2 s-1 have been used to grow "crustose coralline algae (CCA), a desired group of benthic calcifying algae", on two "types of rock (initially bare coral rock and rock preconditioned for 12 weeks under low light)".[2]

"In general, pink CCA's developed more quickly than red CCA's, with 4.31-10.44% versus 2.45-4.56% cover after 9 weeks, respectively. Pink CCA grew more quickly on non-preconditioned rock; after 9 weeks of culture, pink CCA showed higher percentage cover and larger colony size on initially bare rock compared to preconditioned rock. In contrast, red CCA showed higher percentage cover and colony density on preconditioned rock. Although higher pink and red CCA colony densities were found at higher light intensity, no effect of irradiance was found on relative CCA cover. In addition, red CCA colony size was larger at the lowest irradiance, for both rock types."[2]

Temperature[edit]
Water Motion[edit]

Chemistry[edit]

Salt[edit]
Trace Elements[edit]
Nutrients[edit]

Biology[edit]

Food[edit]
Ecology[edit]

Physiology[edit]

Microlife[edit]

Bacteria[edit]
Plankton[edit]

Algae[edit]

Invertebrates[edit]

Cnidaria[edit]
Echinodermata[edit]
Crustaceans[edit]

Vertebrates[edit]

Fish[edit]
Zebrasoma desjardinii displays its soft dorsal and anal fins. Credit: Hectonichus.{{free media}}

The Aquarium[edit]

Introduction[edit]

Chemistry[edit]

Nitrogen[edit]
Phosphate[edit]
Calcium[edit]
Trace Elements[edit]

Physics[edit]

Light[edit]
Temperature[edit]
Water Motion[edit]

Ethics[edit]

Practical Reefkeeping[edit]

Introduction[edit]

General Rules[edit]

Equipment[edit]

Introduction[edit]

Materials[edit]

Glass[edit]
Wood[edit]
Sillicone[edit]
Plastics[edit]
Rubber[edit]
Coatings[edit]
Metal[edit]
Blacklisted[edit]
Ftalates[edit]
Metals[edit]

Tank[edit]

Stand[edit]

Sump[edit]

Plumbing[edit]

Lighting[edit]

Fluorescent[edit]
Metal Halide[edit]
LED[edit]

Water Movement[edit]

Pumps[edit]
Wavemakers[edit]
Dump[edit]

Temperature Control[edit]

Heating[edit]
Cooling[edit]

Filtering[edit]

Mechanical[edit]
Biological[edit]
Materials[edit]

Additives[edit]

Kalkwasser[edit]

Sterilization[edit]

UV[edit]
Ozone[edit]

Analysis[edit]

Introduction[edit]
Test Kits[edit]
pH[edit]
Nitrates[edit]
Phosphates[edit]
Calcium[edit]
Continuous[edit]
pH[edit]
Conductivity[edit]
Light[edit]
RedOx[edit]

Electronics[edit]

Timers[edit]
Safety[edit]

Other[edit]

Food Dispenser[edit]

Getting Started[edit]

Planning[edit]

Types[edit]
Fish Only[edit]
Nano[edit]
SPS[edit]
Mixed[edit]
Sizing[edit]
Examples[edit]

Equipment Setup[edit]

Purchasing[edit]
Building[edit]
Curing[edit]

Cycling[edit]

Algae Removal[edit]
Testing[edit]
Stocking[edit]
Animal Removal[edit]

Maintenance[edit]

Introduction[edit]

Daily[edit]

Topping Off[edit]
Inspection[edit]

Periodically[edit]

Testing[edit]
Water Changes[edit]
Cleaning[edit]

Anually[edit]

Holidays[edit]

Moving[edit]

Disaster[edit]

Animal Encounters[edit]

Pests[edit]

Crustaceans[edit]
Mantis Shrimp[edit]
Hermit Crabs[edit]
Algae[edit]

Disease[edit]

Itch[edit]

Equipment Failure[edit]

Leakage[edit]
Power Outage[edit]
Overheating[edit]

Other[edit]

pH low/high[edit]
Metal Poisoning[edit]

Propagation[edit]

Corals[edit]

Crustaceans[edit]

Crustaceans are arthropods. Their skeletons are on the outside of their bodies. Shrimp, crabs, lobsters, barnacles and hermit crabs are all crustaceans. Crustaceans have jointed body parts and often have many legs. Crustaceans have two pairs of antennae. Most crustaceans live in the sea and include animals, such as lobsters and crabs. Two types live on land – rolie polies, also known as isopods, pillbugs or sowbugs, and crayfish. Reference: About Crustaceans

Fish[edit]

Zebrasoma flavescens swims in an aquarium. Credit: Federico Candoni.{{free media}}

Related Topics[edit]

Resources[edit]

Reefkeeping[edit]

Biology[edit]

Aquarium Photography[edit]

Manufacturers[edit]

Future[edit]

Basic science[edit]

Physics[edit]

Light[edit]
The Spectrum[edit]
Intensity[edit]
Absorption[edit]

Hydrodynamics[edit]

Pressure[edit]

Temperature[edit]

Chemistry[edit]

Basics[edit]
pH[edit]
RedOx[edit]
Calcium[edit]

Physiology[edit]

Methodology[edit]

Introduction[edit]

References[edit]

  1. Stonda (19 April 2005). Aquarium. San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. Retrieved 2014-09-05.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Robin de Vries, Tim Wijgerde, Michaël Laterveer (09 December 2015). "Effects of rock preconditioning and irradiance on growth of crustose coralline algae in aquaculture". Advanced Aquarist's Online Magazine (Reefkeeping South Africa). http://www.reefkeeping.co.za/Advanced_Aquarist_s_Online_Magazine/2015/12/09/Feature_Study:_Effects_of_rock_preconditioning_and_irradiance_on_growth_of_crustose_coralline_algae_in_aquaculture. Retrieved 2017-09-20.