Airplane Flying Handbook

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  1. Introduction to Flight Training
    1. Purpose of Flight Training
    2. Role of the FAA
    3. Role of the Pilot Examiner
    4. Role of the Flight Instructor
    5. Sources of Flight Training
    6. Practical Test Standards
    7. Flight Safety Practices
    8. Collision Avoidance
    9. Runway Incusion Avoidance
    10. Stall Awareness
    11. Use of Checklists
    12. Positive Transfer of Controls
  2. Ground Operations (Part 1), Ground Operations (Part 2)
    1. Visual Inspection
    2. Inside the Cockpit
    3. Outer Wing Surfaces and Tail Section
    4. Fuel and Oil
    5. Landing Gear, Tires, and Brakes
    6. Engine and Propeller
    7. Cockpit Management
    8. Ground Operations
    9. Engine Starting
    10. Hand Propping
    11. Taxiing
    12. Before Takeoff Check
    13. After Landing
    14. Clear of Runway
    15. Parking
    16. Engine Shutdown
    17. Postflight
    18. Securing and Servicing
  3. Basic Flight Maneuvers
    1. The Four Fundamentals
    2. Effects and Use of the Controls
    3. Feel of the Airplane
    4. Attitude Flying
    5. Integrated Flight Instruction
    6. Straight-and-Level Flight
    7. Trim Control
    8. Level Turns
    9. Climbs and Climbing Turns
    10. Descents and Descending Turns
    11. Pitch and Power
  4. Slow Flight, Stalls, and Spins
  5. Takeoff and Departure Climbs (Part 1), Takeoff and Departure Climbs (Part 2)
  6. Ground Reference Maneuvers (Part 1), Ground Reference Maneuvers (Part2)
  7. Airport Traffic Patterns
    1. Airport Traffic Patterns and Operations
    2. Standard Airport Traffic Patterns
  8. Approaches and Landings
  9. Performance Maneuvers
  10. Night Operations
  11. Transition to Complex Airplanes
  12. Transition to Multiengine Airplanes
  13. Transition to Tailwheel Airplanes
  14. Transition to Turbopropeller Powered Airplanes
  15. Transition to Jet Powered Airplanes
  16. Emergency Procedures

Link to FAA Airplane Flying Handbook


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The Airplane Flying Handbook is designed as a technical manual to introduce basic pilot skills and knowledge that are essential for piloting airplanes. It provides information on transition to other airplanes and the operation of various airplane systems. It is developed by the Flight Standards Service, Airman Testing Standards Branch, in cooperation with various aviation educators and industry.

This handbook is developed to assist student pilots learning to fly airplanes. It is also beneficial to pilots who wish to improve their flying proficiency and aeronautical knowledge, those pilots preparing for additional certificates or ratings, and flight instructors engaged in the instruction of both student and certificated pilots. It introduces the future pilot to the realm of flight and provides information and guidance in the performance of procedures and maneuvers required for pilot certification. Topics such as navigation and communication, meteorology, use of flight information publications, regulations, and aeronautical decision making are available in other Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) publications.

This handbook conforms to pilot training and certification concepts established by the FAA. There are different ways of teaching, as well as performing flight procedures and maneuvers, and many variations in the explanations of aerodynamic theories and principles. This handbook adopts a selective method and concept of flying airplanes. The discussion and explanations reflect the most commonly used practices and principles. Occasionally the word "must" or similar language is used where the desired action is deemed critical. The use of such language is not intended to add to, interpret, or relieve a duty imposed by Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR).

It is essential for persons using this handbook to also become familiar with and apply the pertinent parts of 14 CFR and the Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM). The AIM is available online at Performance standards for demonstrating competence required for pilot certification are prescribed in the appropriate airplane practical test standard.

The current Flight Standards Service airman training and testing material and subject matter knowledge codes for all airman certificates and ratings can be obtained from the Flight Standards Service Web site at

The FAA greatly acknowledges the valuable assistance provided by many individuals and organizations throughout the aviation community whose expertise contributed to the preparation of this handbook.

See also

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Public domain This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work of the United States Federal Government under the terms of Title 17, Chapter 1, Section 105 of the US Code. See Copyright.

Note: This only applies to works of the Federal Government and not to the work of any individual U.S. state, territory, commonwealth, county, municipality, or any other subdivision.