Who is Satoshi Nakamoto?

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Satoshi Nakamoto is the name used by the presumed pseudonymous person or persons who developed bitcoin, authored the bitcoin white paper[1], and created and deployed bitcoin's original reference implementation.

Hal Finney[edit | edit source]

Harold Thomas Finney II (May 4, 1956 – August 28, 2014) was a developer for PGP Corporation, and was the second developer hired after Phil Zimmermann.

  • Argument against — Hal Finney's first contributions were corrections to the Bitcoin code, including cryptographic errors.
  • Argument for — Hal Finney lived near a man named Dorian Satoshi Nakamoto, he could have been inspired by him for his pseudonym.

Nick Szabo[edit | edit source]

Nicholas "Nick" Szabo is a computer scientist, legal scholar, and cryptographer known for his research in digital contracts and digital currency.

  • Argument for — Szabo's writing style is the closest to that of Satoshi Nakamoto.
  • Argument against — Nick Szabo denied to be Satoshi Nakamoto.
  • Argument against — Nick Szabo designed Bit gold under his real name.

Craig Wright[edit | edit source]

Craig Steven Wright (born October 1970) is an Australian computer scientist and businessman. He has publicly claimed to be the main part of the team that created bitcoin, and the identity behind the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto.

  • Argument against — Craig Wright claimed to be Satoshi without providing public cryptographic proof[2].
  • Argument against — He makes technical mistakes on subjects he should have mastered to create Bitcoin[2].

Adam Back[edit | edit source]

Adam Back (born July 1970) is a British cryptographer and cypherpunk. He is the CEO of Blockstream, which he co-founded in 2014. He invented Hashcash, which is used in the Bitcoin mining process.

  • Argument for — Satoshi Nakamoto wrote in British English and referred to the British newspaper Times in the genesis block.
    • Objection — This could easily be a strategy to confuse the issue of his/her identity.
  • Argument for — Both Satoshi Nakamoto and Adam Back consistently used two spaces after each sentence in the Bitcoin Forum.
    • Objection — The use of two spaces was common in the Anglo-Saxon world until at least the 2000s.
  • Argument against — All of Adam Back's cryptocurrency-related projects (both before and after Bitcoin, including Hashcash and Blockstream) have been conducted publicly under his real name.
  • Argument against — Adam Back denied to be Satoshi Nakamoto[3].

Notes and references[edit | edit source]

  1. https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf
  2. 2.0 2.1 Craig Wright is not Satoshi Nakamoto | Vitalik Buterin and Lex Fridman, retrieved 2021-09-11
  3. "https://twitter.com/adam3us/status/1259979639092588551". Twitter. Retrieved 2021-09-11. External link in |title= (help)