Instructional design/Learning objectives/Where Conditions Come From

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Resources for Conditions[edit | edit source]

For an objective, almost anything can be used in the condition. There are four primary categories - tools, references, aids, and contexts - that can be included in an objective. With reference to resources, the condition phrase is written specifying "what the learner will be given or not given". A few examples of the resources described in conditions are in the following table.

Tools References Aids Context
Hammer Dictionary Mannequin Laboratory
Computer Software Textbook Job Aid Worksheet Role-Play Scenario
Compass Technical Manuals Checklists Simulation
Calculator Periodic Table Flash Cards Wikiversity

Tools[edit | edit source]

A "tool" is usually some physical instrument that is used to accomplish a specific purpose. For learning objectives, the purpose is the behavior required by the performance phrase of the objective.

For example:

  • Given a voltmeter, the student will be able to measure the voltage....
  • Given a TI-X30 calculator, the student will be able to solve for the tangent....

References[edit | edit source]

A "reference" is typically a text-based medium which could be either paper or electronic. The purpose is either to specify something that the learner can use in their performance, or an item that may be withheld

For example:

  • With reference to Reigeluth's Instructional-Design Theories and Models, the learner will be able to compare Goal-Based Scenarios and Constructivist Learning Environments....
  • Without using the Periodic Table of Elements, the student will be able to list all of the inert gases....

Aids[edit | edit source]

An "aid" is a support for the performance of the objective that would be used on the job, or is needed to measure the behavior.

For example:

  • Given the emergency procedures checklist, the dispatcher will be able to demonstrate the initial response to a fire....
  • Given the reflection paper rubric, the student will be able to evaluate another student's paper....

Context[edit | edit source]

A "context" is the environment or situation where the student will perform the behavior.

For example:

  • During a role-play scenario where a customer identifies their values and goals for investing money, the investment broker associate will be able to select.....
  • Given a recreation of the Cessna aircraft wreckage, the investigator trainee will be able to diagram the wreckage pattern....

References[edit | edit source]

Mager, Robert F. (1997) Preparing Instructional Objectives, Atlanta, GA: The Center for Effective Performance.

Navigation[edit | edit source]

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