Pre-school education

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Pre-school education is usually for children aged between about 2-6, although it varies; in the UK, formal education typically begins at 4, in the U.S. typically at 5, and some countries, as late as 7.

Pre-school is also sometimes known as nursery school or day care. Early learning, by comparison, covers from birth to the end of preschool, and includes learning at home as well as externally provided education.

Pre-school education is followed by primary education.


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  • Left/Right
  • Before/After
  • Up/Down
  • Over/Under
  • Forwards/Backwards
  • Heavy/Light
  • Light/Dark
  • Long/Short

Social skills

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  • Identifying emotions in others
  • Identifying emotions in self
  • Analogue Clocks
  • Digital Clocks
  • Calendar
  • Seasons
  • Days of the week
  • Weekdays/Weekends


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  • Tracing
  • Cutting
  • Taping
  • Gluing
  • Threading
  • Getting dressed
  • Pencil grip


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  • Real/Fake
  • Alive/Not living
  • Has wheels/Doesn't have wheels
  • Floats/Sinks
  • Whole/Part


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  • Starts with (sound or letter)
  • Ends with (sound or letter)
  • Identify rhymes
  • Recite alphabet
  • Match uppercase with lowercase


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  • 2D shapes
  • 3D shapes
  • Basic fractions: whole, half, quarter
  • Numbers 1-20
  • Count objects with one-to-one corrspondance
  • Sort by color
  • Basic measuring
  • Basic weighing
  • Simple addition/subtraction with small number objects
  • Sequencing

Activity ideas

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  • Puzzles
  • Imaginary play
  • Painting
  • Coloring
  • Games
  • Outdoor exploration

Main article: Pre-school education/Activities

What do preschool children need?

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We'd like them to learn through exploration, and also be able to collaborate, to learn co-operation and sharing. Older learners need more challenging activities.

Most importantly it needs to be fun and enjoyable learn through play!

They need rewards when they do things well (matching shapes to the names), and positive reinforcement when the get things wrong. (We're looking for the circle; try again.)

(also what do they want and what do they like?) They are young and need instant gratification no waiting they want a reaction right away! They love things that make sounds, noises, cause and effect, surprises, magic!

We do want to give our early learners the ability to explore and understand, but we have to make sure they aren't able to (physically) destroy parts, or hurt themselves. We should search for durable keyboards or expect them to be expendable.

Sleep is one thing they need.

Physical Activity is another.

What do preschool teachers need?

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A child friendly computer.

For many teachers, they themselves will need computer training to be able to help facilitate any activities on the computer.

Good programs to enhance activities and themes that are being used in the classroom.

See also

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