U.S. states/North Carolina/Facts and information
North Carolina is a state in the Southeastern United states. It was one of the original thirteen colonies and now borders Virginia, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Georgia.
Size: 52,669 square miles (28th in country)
Nickname: Tar Heel State -- the origin is clothed in mystery, but it probably evolved from the fact that during the Colonial period, the colony’s chief exports were tar, pitch and turpentine.
Origin of Name: North Carolina is named in honor of King Charles I of England, from the Latin “Carolus.”
Song: “The Old North State” by Judge William Gaston
"State Bird": Cardinal
"Highest point": Mt. Mitchell-6684'above sea level
Vegetable: Sweet Potato
• The oldest town in the state is Bath, incorporated in 1705.
• On January 15, 1795, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill was the first state university in the country to open its doors for students.
• The first silver mine in the country was the Silver Hill Mine, which opened in 1833 about 10 miles from Lexington.
• Putt-Putt Golf(also known as mini golf) was invented in Fayetteville.
• The first forestry school in the United States was established in Transylvania County in 1898 by Dr. Carl A. Schenck.
• The first abbey cathedral in North America was Belmont Abbey – located in Belmont, North Carolina – established by a papal edict in 1910.
• Babe Ruth hit his first professional home run in Fayetteville on March 7, 1914.
• The Tar Heel State has more paved miles of road than any other state in the United States – over 78,000 miles.
• The first state-supported institution to emphasize the performing arts was the North Carolina School of the Arts in Winston-Salem.
• Millions of years ago, the area was home to 50-foot-long alligators, and huge megalodon sharks roamed the waters.
• The New River, which runs through Ashe County, is the oldest river in North America and second oldest in the world.
• More than 120 species of trees are found in North Carolina – more than can be found from Scandinavia to the Mediterranean.
• North Carolina boasts more than 200 waterfalls, including the highest on the East Coast: the 411-foot-high, two-tiered Whitewater Falls in Transylvania County.
• North Carolina has 1,500 lakes 10 acres or more in size and 37,000 miles of fresh water streams.
• There are more than 1.2 million acres of national forest land in the Tar Heel State.
• Blackbeard, America’s most famous pirate, established a residence and married his 14th wife in Bath, NC, in 1718.
• At around 500 million years old, the North Carolina Uwharrie Mountains are the oldest in the nation and among the oldest in the world.
• Cape Hatteras lighthouse, built of brick in 1870, is 208 feet tall, making it the tallest brick lighthouse in the United States.
It is said that North Carolina is a "valley of humility between two mountains of conceit".