Setup[edit | edit source]
Shortcuts[edit | edit source]
- CTRL+W closes a tab
- CTRL+T opens a new tab
- CTRL+SHIFT+T reopens the last closed tab
- CTRL+↹Tabulator; CTRL+Shift+↹Tabulator; CTRL+PgUp/PgDn: switch through tabs.
- CTRL+Shift+PgUp/PgDn: move opened tab left or right respectively.
- F6 or Ctrl+L : Gets you right up into the Address/URL bar.
- F5 : Reload the page.
- CTRL+F5: Clear cache for the current page and reload the page.
- / or Ctrl+F: Search/find text on page
- Ctrl+K : Takes you to the Firefox search box.
- Ctrl+U : View the page’s source code.
- F11 : View the page in full-screen mode.
- Ctrl+W : Closes the active tab.
- Ctrl+= : Resets font size.
- Ctrl++ : Increases font size.
- Ctrl+- : Decreases font size.
- Ctrl+S : Save page
- Ctrl+Shift+I, F12: Open web development tools.
Downloading[edit | edit source]
There are four main ways to download an internet resource:
- Ctrl+S – Download currently viewed page.
_files suffix directory. "Web Page, HTML only" saves the verbatim page source code downloaded from the server.
- "Save Link as" from right-click context menu (saves verbatim page source code)
- Dragging the URL or tab into the Download arrow in the tool bar.
- Pasting an URL from the clipboard into the opened download history (in the "Library" window or
Additionally, the page source code can be saved by copying it from the web development tools and pasted into a text editor.
Profiles[edit | edit source]
User profiles allow separating configuration, extensions, bookmarks, and history within Firefox. By default, there is one profile. The profile manager allows creating additional profiles. It can be opened by launching the Firefox process through a command line with the
-profilemanager parameter, without spaces.
Profile folders are typically located under
%AppData%\Mozilla\Firefox\ on Microsoft Windows,
~/Library/Application Support/Firefox/ on MacOS, and
~/.mozilla/firefox/ on Linux and BSD. The profile manager allows manually specifying custom profile directories.
Relevant files in the profile folder are
places.sqlite for browsing history and download history and bookmarks,
prefs.js for user preferences, and
containers.json for configuration of multi-account containers. Sessions are stored in
sessionstore.jsonlz4 when closing the browser (before Firefox 56 of 2017, it was stored as plain JSON into
sessionstore.json), and backed up to
sessionstore-backups/recovery.baklz4 while browsing for recovery in case of an unexpected process termination. The previous session is backed up to
Advanced configuration[edit | edit source]
On the desktop edition (and earlier mobile versions), the
about:config page allows fine-tuning the browser. The search bar at the top facilitates finding properties.
Notable properties are:
browser.urlbar.trimURLs– may hide the protocol from the URL bar. Deactivate to always show the full URL including the protocol. Activated by default.
browser.backspace_action– this parameter adjusts the function of the backspace key if no text input field is active.
0: navigate to last page,
1: scroll up, if Shift key is held then scroll down.
browser.download.autohideButton– hide download button if no downloads in current session. Activated by default.
browser.download.alwaysOpenPanel– Open list of recent downloads after a download finished.
browser.open.lastDir– last directory to which a file was downloaded or from which a file was opened through the file picker dialogue.
browser.startup.homepage– page displayed when starting a new session (if not restoring the previous session), and when pressing the button with the house icon.
dom.ipc.processCount.web– number of processes across which web content is distributed. Higher count increases performance but consumes more memory, thus recommended for computers with much RAM. Four by default.
general.autoScroll– enable scrolling using middle mouse button press.
devtools.chrome.enabled– enable write access to browser console, accessed using Ctrl+Shift+J.
browser.cache.offline.capacitydisk cache capacity, mainly used for static resources to save bandwidth. Difference between values unclear yet. – Values in Kilobytes.
places.history.expiration.transient_current_max_pages: number of entries retained in the browsing history database (
places.sqlitefile). According to a moderator of Mozilla's support forum, the value is read-only by default but can be adjusted through the
places.history.expiration.max_pagesproperty, which has to be added manually.
accessibility.blockautorefresh– blocks "meta refreshes" and "meta redirects", meaning refreshes and redirects using the
meta http-equivtag, as well as redirects instructed by the
security.csp.enable– Claimed by Mozilla to increase security against "cross-site scripting" (XSS) attacks. User reports suggest it interferes with the function of bookmarklets.
permissions.default.image– 1: Load images as usual (default); 2: Do not load images (usually for testing purposes or to save bandwidth); 3: Only load images from the same domain.
media.videocontrols.picture-in-picture.video-toggle.enabled(or similar): show the picture-in-picture button in video players.
security.dialog_enable_delay– delay in milliseconds until the confirmation button in some dialogue boxes like downloading an executable file or installing an extension gets unlocked. Until then, it is "grayed out". Default value: 1000 (1 second).
browser.cache.disk.enable– enable saving sites' resources locally to speed up loading.
browser.cache.disk.capacity– disk cache size in kilobytes.
browser.urlbar.update2.engineAliasRefresh– allow adding custom search engines.
System pages[edit | edit source]
about:memory– internal process viewer.
about:processes– newer internal process manager. Introduced with Firefox 67 in early 2019.
about:performance– similar to
about:processes, but with more beginner-friendly worded user interface, such as "Energy impact" instead of "CPU". Introduced in late 2018.
See also[edit | edit source]
- Iceweasel browser
- Firefox Development Wiki
- Mozilla Knowledge-Base Wiki
- links (browser), lynx (browser), Elinks (browser) command line browsers
[edit | edit source]
- Mozilla Firefox - Interactive learning quiz at Qedoc.org
- Profile Manager - Create, remove or switch Firefox profiles – Mozilla Support (knowledge base)
- Profiles - Where Firefox stores your bookmarks, passwords and other user data – Mozilla Support
- Answer to FF 71. Cannot change value in setting places.history.expiration.transient_current_max_pages | Firefox Support Forum | Mozilla Support (December 17, 2019)
- Enable/disable automatic redirect. | Firefox Support Forum | Mozilla Support (2/26/21)
- Content Security Policy (CSP) - HTTP from Mozilla Developers Network
- How to disable CSP in Firefox for just bookmarklets? – Super User
- Disable extension install delay - Firefox - MozillaZine Knowledge Base
- How to add a custom search engine to Firefox? - Super User
- This is Firefox's upcoming about:performance page (huge improvements) – Martin Brinkmann, 2018-10-11