Volcanoes, list/Mount Cotopaxi
Location and Basic Facts[edit | edit source]
Mount Cotopaxi is known as a stratovolcano. LOCATION:Ecuador, in South America, near the "Galapagos" and " Peru" Basic Info: It has a width at its base of about 23 kilometers and about "14 miles". It has one of the few equatorial glaciers on our world, which starts at the height of 5,170 meters(16,400 ft). The mountain is clearly visible on the skyline from "Quito" a city near Ecuador. It is part of the chain of volcanoes that circles the Pacific ocean called and as known as the Pacific Ring of Fire. It is an explosive and currently active volcano. Mount Cotopaxi is the highest volcano in Ecuador at its height at 19,348 feet which is about 5,879 meters. It is the most visited national park in the entire Ecuador. Cotopaxi is a seduction zone kind of volcano. The rocks melt and become lava inside of Mount Cotopaxi. It is a volcano with a tall shape which is called a "Composition" volcano. Range/Region: Andes Range/Region: Ecuador Andes Latitude: -0.680556 Longitude: -78.437778 Difficulty: Basic Snow/Ice Climb
After Effects[edit | edit source]
The last time it erupted was in 2015.The last official eruption of Mt Cotopaxi occurred in 1940. There was some activity in 1975, but not enough to warrant the term "eruption". It caused ashes and mudflows and disaster. Lots of people died not because of the lava impact. It was because of the dirty water, air, and the food that has been polluted more than 100 Hours on total. More people died from pollution than the impact of the volcano. It caused starvation for over four months, and it killed almost 4/5 percentage of the people which is 80% of the people got injured, or killed. Cotopaxi's most violent eruptions occurred in the years 1744, 1768, and 1877. In the 1877 eruption pyroclastic flows descended all five sides of the mountain, with lava traveling more than 100 km into the Pacific Ocean and western Amazon basin draining the valley. There was a major eruption in 1903 through 1904, and some minor activity in 1942 as well as 1975 but it did not produce any major events. In the most recent case, fumarolic activities and sulfuric emissions increased and ice around the inside and on the southeastern side of the cone started to slowly and quietly melt down. The eruptions caused great damage but it also caused global damage. It has a widespread damage.
Deaths and the Lives being taken[edit | edit source]
During the violent eruptions in 1904, it killed approximately 500 people. It injured about 350 people, either burned or polluted in the respiration system or crushed. The people died slowly, when they interact with the air, food, and water. It killed 500 people, and hurt or injured 350 people. This is all approximately, but it killed lots of people.
References[edit | edit source]
http://www.ecuador-travel.net/andes.volcano.cotopaxi.htm http://www.peakware.com/peaks.html?pk=56 http://books.google.com/books?id=VZwE_5XDtugC&pg=PA124&lpg=PA124&dq=Disaster+effects+on+Ecuador%22&source=bl&ots=laC8IDLznc&sig=AWtJpivlC56E3Qnl7HYv4xAt_Q0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=x2lYT_zKI4zYiQLc1ZDjDg&sqi=2&ved=0CDcQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=Disaster%20effects%20on%20Ecuador%22&f=false http://books.google.com/books?id=OhKWHJqZy8cC&pg=PA131&dq=cotopaxi+volcano&hl=en&sa=X&ei=VXFYT5K1G4qRiQLfxYiICw&ved=0CGUQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=cotopaxi%20volcano&f=false http://mount-coxopaxi-info.html By Howard Kuo