Assyrian/Alphabet

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The Assyrian alphabet, or Syriac alphabet, is a writing system used to write the Syriac language from the 1st century AD.[1] It is a Semitic abjads (akin to the Arabic alphabet) that descends from the Aramaic alphabet. Assyrian is written from right to left. It is a cursive script where some, but not all, letters connect within a word. The alphabet consists of 22 letters, all of which are consonants. The vowel sounds are supplied either by the reader's memory or by optional diacritic marks.

Alphabet table[edit]

The Assyrian alphabet (which is in the Syriac script) consists of the following letters:

Letter Name Letter Transliteration Pronunciation
Alep Syriac Eastern alap.svg A [ʔ], [a]
Bet Syriac Eastern bet.svg B [b], [v]
Gamel Syriac Eastern gamal.svg G [ɡ], [ɣ]
Daled Syriac Eastern dalat.svg D [d], [ð]
Heh Syriac Eastern he.svg H [h]
Waw Syriac Eastern waw.svg W [w]
Zen Syriac Eastern zayn.svg Z [z]
Khet Syriac Eastern het.svg Kh, Ḥ [ħ], [x]
Tet Syriac Eastern tet.svg Emphatic T [tˤ]
Yod Syriac Eastern yod.svg Y, I [j], [i]
Kap Syriac Eastern kap.svg K [k]
Lamed Syriac Eastern lamad.svg L [i]
Meem Syriac Eastern mim.svg M [m]
Noon Syriac Eastern nun.svg N [n]
Semkat Syriac Eastern semkat.svg S [s]
'Ayin Syriac Eastern 'e.svg ', E [ʕ], [e]
Peh Syriac Eastern pe.svg P, F [p], [f]
Sadeh Syriac Eastern sade.svg Emphatic S [sˤ]
Qop Syriac Eastern qop.svg Guttural Q [q]
Resh Syriac Eastern res.svg R [r]
Sheen Syriac Eastern sin.svg Sh, Š [ʃ]
Taw Syriac Eastern taw.svg T, Th [t], [θ]


References[edit]

  1. "Syriac alphabet". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved June 16, 2012.