Difference between revisions of "United Kingdom Law/Great Repeal Bill 2008"

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(Request to repeal the "three-year rule" regarding eligibility for a UK student loan.)
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* [http://www.hip-consultant.co.uk/blog/scrapping-home-information-packs-hips-123/ Will Home Information Packs (HIPs) be ‘scrapped’?], ''HIP-Consultant.co.uk'', September 3rd, 2009 HIP-Consultant.co.uk
 
* [http://www.hip-consultant.co.uk/blog/scrapping-home-information-packs-hips-123/ Will Home Information Packs (HIPs) be ‘scrapped’?], ''HIP-Consultant.co.uk'', September 3rd, 2009 HIP-Consultant.co.uk
 
* [http://www.hip-consultant.co.uk/blog/10-myths-of-home-information-packs-hip/ 10 Myths of Home Information Packs (HIP)], ''HIP-Consultant.co.uk'', November 24th, 2008
 
* [http://www.hip-consultant.co.uk/blog/10-myths-of-home-information-packs-hip/ 10 Myths of Home Information Packs (HIP)], ''HIP-Consultant.co.uk'', November 24th, 2008
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* [http://www.webmastermind.com.au/ Digital Economy], For additional information on the digital economy,
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[[Category: Law of the United Kingdom (proposed)]]
 
[[Category: Law of the United Kingdom (proposed)]]
 
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Revision as of 07:55, 14 July 2010

The Great Repeal Bill is intended to abolish many restrictive laws and regulations believed to hamper individual freedoms, society, and businesses in the United Kingdom[1]. Members of the public are able to add to the list of laws and rules to be repealed in the draft of the Bill below. You are also highly encouraged to join the debate about why certain legislation should be included (or excluded) from the Great Repeal Bill.

This experiment in direct democracy allows ordinary citizens to have a direct say in drafting of legislation, which is believed to be the first of its kind[2].

About the Bill

First proposed by Douglas Carswell and Daniel Hannan in their book, The Plan: 12 months to renew Britain, the Great Repeal Bill is as much an effort in deregulation as it is an initiative in open politics and a move towards direct democracy. There is currently no right of popular initiative in Britain to ensure that popular legislative measures are debated and voted on in the British Parliament[2]. Nor is there at this time a right of referendum. However, working with the political system as it is today, we hope to presented to Parliament the draft Bill as a Private Members Bill, or ultimately as a government Bill.

The Bill is to be drafted in collaboration with ordinary citizens drawing upon the collaborative approach a wiki editing model provides. This experimental approach hopes to provide insight into public opinion, examine if a case for popular legislative initiative using the wiki approach can be made, and provide a resource for public policy research. The initiative originally began on the blog site ConservativeHome in June 2008[3].

A parallel effort is being made on a private, "guarded" wiki at ourlaw.wikispaces.com. Part of the outcome that may be sought is to see the difference between the results of an open vs. closed environment. Both wikis are licensed under CC-BY-SA 3.0, so content may be ported in either direction where appropriate.

Contributing

Please be specific when adding suggestions for laws to scrap (not new laws, the clue lies in the title - Great Repeal Bill). The table headings for each section is indicative of what suggestions should include:

  • Clause - A numbering which should be incremented if adding a new proposal.
  • Legislation - Ideally the short form title and year for specific Primary legislation (typically the Act of Parliament), or title, year and sequence number for secondary legislation (typically Statutory Instruments or Regulations) which contains the laws, regulations or provisions to be repealed. If you are able to assist by clarifying the title in existing proposals, please do so.
  • Extent of repeal - The specific section or provisions of the law that should be repealed. If you are able to assist other contributors by making explicit the specific section a proposal refers to, please do so.
  • Reasoning - A brief explanation or justification as to why the bill should be concerned with repealing the law.
Stop sign light red.svg
Do not delete without consensus

Please do NOT simply delete proposals from this page. Debate them instead.

Preamble

An Act to repeal Acts of Parliament and secondary legislation that are detrimental to the quality of life and freedom of British citizens to choose how they wish to live their lives; and for connected purposes.

Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—


Extent, commencement, transitional provision and short title

(1) This Act extends to England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
(2) An amendment or repeal contained in this Act has the same extent as the Act or instrument or relevant part of the Act or instrument to which the amendment or repeal relates (ignoring extent by virtue of an Order in Council).
(3) This Act comes into force at the end of the period of six months beginning from the date of Royal Assent. (This provision will give time for public and private sector organisations to adjust to the many reforms in this Act)
(4) A Minister of the Crown, or two or more Ministers of the Crown acting jointly, may by order make transitional, transitory or saving provision in connection with the coming into force of any provision of this Act.
(5) An order under subsection (4) is to be made by statutory instrument.
(6) This Act may be cited as the Great Repeal Act 2010.

Applicability to devolved assemblies

TimC 04:23, 11 October 2009 (UTC)TimC

Business deregulation


Clause Legislation Extent of repeal Reasoning
iEmployment Act 2002
Dispute Resolution Regulations 2004 (SI 2004/752) [4]
Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Schedule 2
Paragraphs 6 and 9 of Schedule 2[5]
These sections contain laws which burden employees and entrepreneurs.


Many things are burdensome to business however that is not alone sufficient reason to repeal them, it requires some analysis of why the costs outweigh the benefits.
iiWeights and Measures Act 1985[6]
Weights and Measures (Packaged Goods) Regulations 2006 (SI 2006/659)
Relevant sections, including various secondary legislationThis Act requires retailers to use certain weights and measurements

I disagree about revocation. There has been regulation since the Magna Carta to ensure buyers and sellers are trading on equal terms. [7]. Having an internationally traceable system of weighing and measuring for trade use is a requirement of WTO membership, it needs simplification and more deregulation, not outright repeal. Imperial Measurements can be made traceable to international metric standards and used quite legally in the UK subject to appropraite legislation. In fact 'imperial' does not exist, it is all defined by metric standards. Just because something says it weighs a 'kilogram' doesn't mean that it does. The only thing in the world that actually weighs a kilogram is the primary standard kilogram in Paris, all mass measurements need to be traceable back to it to have any intergrity.

Adding: "1) pricing information shall be provided in at least one customary or recognised measure for all types of items; 2) within a business that sells to consumers, readily comparable unit prices shall be clearly displayed" would avoid any need to specify further. If some unusual unit (or multiple types of unit) are traditional or common in some contexts, or someone wants to use a normal and a "strange" measure, this would allow their fair usage and also ensure purchasers can make fair pricing comparisons.
iiiHousing Act 2004[8]Part 5This Act requires Home Information Packs to be used. The effect is to impose an additional cost on house purchasers and a VAT revenue for the state. The EU requirement for an energy survey could be met without the overhead of a full HIP.

Disagree - Home Information Packs need reforming, to include surveys. They have brought down the cost of searches dramatically and speeded up process. Contributing to Economy, but are ineffective and require full review and change.

Agree - From my personal experience selling my home no-one has ever asked to look at the HIP or shown any interest in it. In addition when my home failed to sell I had to resort to renting it, and having rented it for a year my HIP is now invalid. When the rental ended I wanted to put it back on the market for both sale and rental but discovered I would end up paying for the HIP again if I want to market it...and again every time the rental ended if more than a year had passed. Essentially anyone not doing the standard "put it on the market, wait for it to sell, sell" ends up paying for one potentially several times.
ivEuropean Works Council Directive (94/45/EC)
European Social Chapter
The entire DirectiveThese burden businesses[9][10].

An opinion by a business that a law is a burden is not sufficient to make that law wrong. The employee must often be empowered to avoid the business taking advantage of the relationship. The requirement should not be to remove a burden, but to keep it proportional to the problem and appropriate to the circumstances.
vPart-time Workers (Prevention of Less Favourable Treatment) Regulations 2000 (SI 2000/1551) and 2002 (SI 2002/2035)[11][12]The entire RegulationsThese contain laws which make it less likely that businesses are able to hire part-time workers. In the statutory instrument of 2002, Alan Johnson extends the categories of people to whom these regulations apply by removing an exemption. (this is presumably a sop to union dislike of contract labour). It is possible that simply reinstating the missing paragraphs by statutory instrument would meet the objective .
viThe Companies Act 1985 (Operating and Financial Review and Directors' Report etc.) Regulations 2005 (SI 2005/1011) [13]The entire RegulationsSpecify what aspect of the regulations you find objectionable. Is it the environmental audit or the fact that companies have to mke an annual report? Just naming the regulations will not do.
viiMoney Laundering Regulations and the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 2007 and 2009SI 2001/1819
SI 2001/3641
SI 2003/171
SI 2003/3075
SI 2006/308
SI 2006/1070
SI 2007/2157
SI 2007/3299
This Law makes you liable if your client, without your knowledge, committs a crime. You can loose everything you own before charge and without a fair trial. This Law has destroyed the Presumption of Innocence and allows the Police and the Crown Prosecution Service to punish the innocent before charge and before trial. It allows Police to seize every moveable item of value from a business person before charge and further allows the Crown Prosecution Service to freeze all assets before charge and before trial. It brings forward the spectre of a Police State to Britain
viiiHealth and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974[14]Sections of the secondary legislations enacted over the past decade.Costs people 20 times more money to enforce than people get paid for enforcing it [factual?]. citing "a 75-country study found that regulations usually cost a country twenty times more than they cost the government (see publications by Djankov,

Laporta, Silanes and Shleifer)." page 59 of http://www.policynetwork.net/uploaded/pdf/Habits_of_Highly_Effective_Countries%20_Lessons_for_SA.pdf

There may well be Health and Safety regulations which are disproportionate. There is, also, however, a large problem with insufficiently trained officials taking an over-cautious view and blaming regulations for their lack of research. Before removing regulations, action should be taken to determine whether the fault lies with the regulations or with poor implementation. There should be a requirement that any change made in order to satisfy such regulations should quote the regulation involved and allow for an appeal.

It may be sensible to re-examine the scope of the Act, however. Its framers were, I think, more concerned with industrial accidents and safety on construction sites than they were with the relatively benign office environments in which many of us work, and its extension and intrusion into other areas is the main source of problems. For instance, there are now training courses for using ladders. Far too often this legislation is now used as a basis for compensation claims and there is too little personal responsibility. Whether that is a problem that needs addressing in the legislation or not is another question, and whether that should be done as part of this Bill is also a good question, but it should be considered. Repeal the sections of the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1992 and 1999 which refer to persons other than employees or those working in or on the premises.

H&S rules should no longer be able to 'trump' other laws (e.g. laying flat headstones in churchyards), and thus avoid complex and unsatisfactory court cases. Sign of the problem is that H&S Executive has a habit of redrafting guidance notes to 'clarify' legislation. It indicates paying less heed to highly unlikely events, although this does not appear to have been heeded by courts or by council officers.
ixRegulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 (SI 2005/1541) [15]See reasonsAmend the order by removing references to all premises where people sleep: ie hotels, boarding houses, hostels, communal parts of dwellings, holiday lets, chalets, holiday camps and the like. Replace these sections by reinstating such parts of the Fire Precautions Act 1971 as are necessary to reimpose the requirements of the Fire Precautions (Hotels and Boarding Houses) Order 1972 and strengthen this to include the above mentioned premises subject to an exemption for single building holiday lets which do not provide accommodation for fewer than five persons.
x Finance Act 2000 (IR35)[16]
Income Tax (Earnings and Pensions) Act 2003
Social Security Contributions (Intermediaries) Regulations 2000 (SI 2000/727)
The relevant sectionsCosts small businesses time and money, adds extra charges for contractors, and also pushed many offshore. It has raised a mere £9.2m over 6 years [17] and at most raised 35 million. [18]
xiiFinancial Services and Markets Act 2000[19]The entire ActWe all know that it has failed. It was only brought in because the predecessor legislation, the Financial Services Act 1986 [20], although working well, had been introduced by the previous Conservative government. Bring it back!
xiiiUnfair Contract Terms Act 1977[21]The entire ActPrevents personal injury liability disclaimers from being legally binding.
Disagree: The law has traditionally said that liability for death and injury is too serious to be excluded "as a norm". The aim of this clause is that you cannot just point to the contract and say "we're not liable even if negligent" if your mistake causes death or injury. This is in effect a "public policy" issue; it's probably a good thing that it's prevented from exclusion and disclaimer.
xvTown and Country Planning Act 1947The entire Act and its subsequent amendmentsIncreases housing costs which have gone up 4 times faster than the RPI over the last century (see #90) because planning drove up costs and prevents innovation. People are entitled to housing that is as good, modern, and inexpensive as the market can produce. National park rules should allow land there to stay undeveloped.Planning laws distort the market for land and lead to over investment by UK citizens in property at the expense of commerce.
xviIncome Tax Act 2007[22]The entire ActReplace with a National Sales Tax on all non-essential items. Implemented on a local basis as well to encourage competition between different areas. People who spend more on non-essential items would pay more which is a fairer tax. This could vastly reduce national and local government revenue from a decrease in the tax rate. This may also attract foreigners to move to the UK which could increase tax collected. See the Fair Tax currently being debated in the U.S. for further insights. [23] [24]
xviiClimate Change Act 2008[25]The entire ActCosts individual households and businesses billions of pounds when the UK is estimated to be responsible for only 2% of worldwide carbon emissions and man made climate change is only a hypothesis[factual?] and not an established fact. Absolute certainty is impossible in climatology as it is in everything else (up to and including mathematics). Nevertheless, the IPCC's last assessment report states: 'Most of the observed increase in global average temperatures since the mid-20th century is very likely due to the observed increase in anthropogenic GHG concentrations.'[26]
xviiiThe Leasehold Reform Act 1967[27]The entire ActPrevents people and businesses from having the right to recover possession of properties after expiration of a lease.
xixRace Relations Amendment Act 2000[28]The entire ActIn creating a requirement to promote "race equality" and demonstrate that procedures to prevent racial discrimination are in place this Act transforms what ought to be matters of conscience into an exercise in burdensome bureaucracy. Has engendered among the ethnic majority both sometimes justifiable resentment and a feeling that anyone from outside their number succeeding in their chosen sphere is doing so only because of their minority status, which is quite often wholly unfair. Has created the atmosphere which allowed the Ali Dizaei debacle in the Metropolitan Police to take place and done nothing to promote feelings of pan-racial "community".
xxRace Relations Act 1976[29]The entire ActOverrode the eminently sensible Race Relations Act 1965 which confined itself solely to the public sphere more or less in its entirety. The 1976 act exacerbates, rather than mitigates, racial tensions in society
xxiRace Relations Act 1968[30]The entire ActIntrudes unacceptably into areas which are more properly matters for personal conscience and public opprobrium to deal with. Actually damaged race relations in the United Kingdom in a way the far milder and more appropriate Race Relations Act 1965 did not in that it encouraged members of ethnic minorities who might previously have only suspected prejudicial treatment to band together into "communities" and go hunting for it, setting themselves against the native (for lack of a better term) population. Separation from the wider community was incentivised as unintegrated "communities" regarded as homogenous by outsiders became better able to campaign for preferential treatment and increased "group rights" than the individual who regarded himself as British first. As well as ghettoising ethnic minorities, all this has an equally unwelcome effect on member of the ethnic minority, who have been taught to resent and fear (particulary with regard to potential litigation) members of ethnic minorities even where their history in Britain goes back three or four generations.
xxiiInsolvency Act 1986[31]S214Section 214 of the act creates personal liability for a company director in respect of wrongful trading. It is suggested that the creation of such liability in instances described by the section often results in small business directors being held personally liable for honest mistakes often to the extent of causing personal bankruptcy. The law against fraud and deliberate wrongdoing must be a harsh deterrent, however, S214 deals not with fraud but instead creates an onerous burden of expectation on the average entrepeneur's ability to predict the future and in doing so fosters a business culture of risk aversion and premature liqudation of potentially viable businesses.
xxiiiDigital Economy Act 2010[32]S3-21,42,47(3)(a)This Act was rushed through Parliament during the wash-up period before the 2010 General Election and was not properly debated and analysed. Private companies/organisations should never have the right to bar/disconnect someone from anything. This should be a matter for the courts, and not industry. Also, ISPs should not have to police the internet when they are merely carriers of data, which privacy laws prohibit them from accessing. This clause repeals the parts of the Act that deal with this issue. See also the Communications Act 2003 under the consequential amendments section.
xxivFinance Act 2008[33]S58(4)This section of the 2008 Finance Act is an apparently innocuous piece of legislation that closes a tax loophole in the Dual Taxation Treaty between the UK and the Isle of Man. The referenced clause however reads : "(4) The amendments made by subsections (1) to (3) are treated as always having had effect." This effectively renders the closure retrospective, making income that was not previously taxable subject to full income tax. This is unprecendented and, as well as being widely condemned by such bodies as the Chartered Institute of Taxation and the Joint Committee of Human Rights, exposes several thousand freelance workers to huge tax demands. Many of these people will be made bankrupt by this clause, most of them ordinary people with families who risk losing their homes. During the committee stage of the Finance Act, both the Lib Dems and Conservatives opposed the retrospective element of this bill, tabling amendments to close the loophole but with only prospective effect. These amendments were only defeated by Labour forcing the clause through by exercising their committee majority. Effects are already being felt in parts of UK arts & heritage where it is apparent that some significant donors have left the country.
xxviPolice Act 1997[34]Part VThis legislation created the Criminal Records Bureau. It cannot and does not provide any guarantees about whether people will actually be safe around children, but it has helped to create an atmosphere of suspicion.[35] Over 2000 people[36] have found themselves wrongly labeled as criminals by and and the result of this legislation has been to create a shortage of adult volunteers. In addition to this the requirement for CRB checks which have effectively become a tax on volunteering[factual?].
xxviiSunday Trading Act 1994[37]The relevant sectionsThere are good social reasons for restricting the number of hours or days a person should work, but it is not the place of the government to mandate a given day of the week for it. (Jewish shops? Muslim shops? Shop workers of no strong religious belief?) To the extent this protects shop workers from abuse, update employment law to ensure a shop worker's employment must allow for a regular one day a week off for (or in lieu of) religious belief. To the extent it protects the British culture, the established religion, or any other social structure, it is clear that the population as a whole don't feel that forcing shops to close on a given day is an issue worthy of enforcement in this day and age. Its value seems to be more symbolic in a country where most people are happy to drive, shop, or do DIY on a Sunday - it's almost a reminder of something. But symbolics make poor legislation.
xxviiiCopyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988[38] (as amended by The Copyright (Computer Programs) Regulations 1992[39])S18 - "except that in relation to [..] computer programs the restricted act of issuing copies to the public includes any rental of copies to the public"Currently, renting out software to customers is illegal unless you have permission of the rights holder. For "normal" software (e.g. operating systems, computer games, office software), this law is acceptable. The problem is, is that nearly every electronic device has software in it (cars, microwaves). This outlaws car rental, computer rental/leasing (even with proper operating system licenses, as the "bare-metal" computer does have a BIOS which can't be removed), hotels with TVs in the rooms, landlords who provide the use of a microwave etc. In hardware, the "software" is usually "firmware", however in the EU Computer Programs Directive (91/250/EEC) which our law is based upon, it does say that "the term 'computer program` shall include programs in any form, including those which are incorporated into hardware". This undermines our right to rent out hardware that we own. It is infeasable to ask every manufacturer of every single electronic device permission to rent/lease hardware, just because it contains a small amount of software. The aforementioned words from Section 18 of the Act should be removed, and replaced with something that excludes programs built into hardware.
xxixUK Strategic Export Control Lists (Dual-Use Items)[40]Annex I Section 5 Part 2 ("Information Security")The internet is an international tool that is nearly impossible to regulate. Encryption is a very important element in the backbone of the internet, and should not be controled by governments. Nearly every single computer server or desktop uses encryption, including simple email clients. With encryption technologies, the internet just woudn't work for anything important. Besides the fact that encryption is ubiquitous and essential, freedom of speech and privacy laws entitle the public to keeping private traffic secure. The aforementioned part of the Export Control List should be removed, as in today's connected digital world, encryption should not be classed as "Dual-Use". We don't call "pens and pencils" dual-use items, even though the military can use them, because pens and pencils are everywhere. This is the same as encryption - the world uses it in nearly every element of computing freely, yet unenforcable laws try to restrict it. Infact, the only way for businesses to suceed in today's connected digital world, is to remain ignorrant of the aforemented part, as men and women who take a laptop abroad on holiday with them become subject to the part (All laptops have encryption technologies built into them in some form). Over the years, encryption is slowly becoming deregulated, but lets strike its regulation off from the books completely, as in today's digital world, we need encryption for simple domestic and business purposes.
xxxThe Copyright and Related Rights Regulations 2003[41]S24 (This ammends Section 296 of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988)This section was designed to protect circumvention of copy controls, such as DRM to prevent the illegal copying of a DVD. In principal, this is good, however the Section is badly written and its scope extends to areas greater than orignally intended. An example would be if someone were to buy a electronic device, which came with pre-loaded software. That person may want to change the software on the device. Since he owns the device, one would assume that he is able to do this, however the aformentioned section would prevent this, as he would have to "circumvent a technical measure" since most manufactures try to prevent people from removing pre-loaded software due to warranty/support issues. The Section should be re-written to narrow its scope to something like "circumvention of DRM controls directly related to the prevention of piracy". We need our freedom to do what we wish with hardware that we own. We should be allowed to change software on electronic devices if we so wish. HTC "forbid" people to remove the software on their phones, and replace it with custom software; even though "piracy" is not involved here, this badly written section gives HTC the right to "forbid" people from removing their software. To sum up, am I asking government to restore the freedom to allow people to "remove" or "replace" software on hardware, and to forbid manufacturers from restricting people from doing such acts.
xxxiConsumer Credit Act 2006[42]S15 (this section repeals sub-sections 127(3-5) of the Consumer Credit Act 1974[43])Consumer lending institutions should know the Law and follow it if they decide to rely on the Law to enforce their consumer credit agreements

Local government deregulation


Clause Legislation Extent of repeal Reasoning
1.Local Government Act 2000[44]Part IIIThis Act established a Standards Boards to oversee the conduct of locally elected councillors.
2.Local Government Act 1999[45]This Act imposed on local authorities rules which subject locally elected decision makers to official scrutiny by officials rather than voters.
3.Regional Development Agencies Act 1998[46]The entire ActThis Act created the apparatus of regional government in England and Wales. Agree: These are just useless quangos that contribute nothing. Re-distribute their powers between central and local government.
4.Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004[47]Section 39This Act requires planning decisions to be taken with the objective of contributing to the achievement of sustainable development.
5.Union with England Act 1707[48]The entire ActThis Act places undue strain upon the Kingdom of England's finances and international prestige.

Disagree: Simply repealing this Act on its own would create chaos as it would mean dismantling the union. It would require a lot of preparatory work.

Civic deregulation

Clause Legislation Extent of repeal Reasoning Debate
1. Identity Cards Act 2006[49] The entire Act A hugely expensive and unwanted identity scheme that is a threat to the liberty and privacy of British Citizens, this legislation is being pushed through to further engorge the governments desire for continuing its aspiration for rapid growth of the database state and intrusion into peoples lives. Debate
2. Hunting Act 2004[50] The entire Act The Act is unclear [51], it has been declared unenforceable in court [52] and it was introduced not for policy reasons but to placate government backbenchers.[53] Debate
3. Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000[54] Section 4 Consequential to xliii
4. The Firearms Act (Amendment) (No. 1 & 2) Act 1997 (The Pistol Bans) The entire Act This was an emotionally derived piece of legislation driven by a tabloid media campaign, and which overruled the recommendations of the government's own inquiry (which concluded that the Dunblane shootings were down to a failure of Policing and law enforcement). To that end it was recommended that firearms law required no new restrictions. This poorly-thought out, knee-jerk response to a single incident currently prevents a lawful, harmless form of recreation and has had no effect in curtailing firearms related crime [55], as it only provided powers to remove firearms from lawful, private possession (which criminals by definition will ignore). In 12 years no other Western nation has followed the UK's "shining example"(not true- see Australian laws. Check facts before making blanket assertions(Australia is not a Western nation, check globe before making supercilious remarks)) suggesting that the UK is too restrictive, not the other way around. Infact, the absurdity of these laws means our own Olympic pistol team have to go to France in order to train.
5. Dangerous Dogs Act 1989[56] The entire Act Utterly judgemental piece of legislation that stereotypes dogs rather than treating each as an individual. Infringement of freedoms in that one cannot keep a perfectly safe dog siomply because of its breed.
6. Football Spectators Act 1989[57] The entire Act Reasons?
7. Police Act 1997[34] Part 5 (and subsequent requirements) Relates to the establishment of the Criminal Records Bureau, and the requirements for voluntary groups and organisations to use it.
8. Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006 which established the Independent Safeguarding Authority[58] The entire Act This is already included in another section. Propose dropping it from here.
9. Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000 Sections 60 to 62 [59]. This Act imposed obligations on local highway authorities to involve themselves in long established rights of way.
10. Charities Act 2006[60] Part 1 This Act redefined the definition of charity that had existed satisfactorily since 1661. It was mainly introduced to attack 'public schools' which claim tax benefit for the chaitable purpose of providing education.
11. Racial and Religious Hatred Act 2006[61] The entire Act This Act of the Parliament created an offence in England and Wales of inciting hatred against a person on the grounds of their religion. However, it also creates an issue for people wishing to criticize aspects of religion who now cannot do so without fear of possibly committing this offence. This act should be repealed on the grounds that it breaches the principles of free speech.
12. Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 Part 5, Section 63 and related clauses This makes the possession of 'extreme' types of 'pornography' a criminal offence, regardless of the reason for that possession, and where the definition of 'pornography' is so sweeping as to amount to censorship, including images that can be created using entirely legal means and with fully consenting adult participants[62][63][64]. Possession of images are criminalised whether or not participants consented, and it applies to fictional and staged acts. It covers entirely private material that is not published. BBFC classified works are exempt, yet a clip from such a film can still be illegal.

Noteworthy, the consultation on this was 61% against stronger laws and only 36% in favour, including strong representations against it from a wide range of bodies and organisations speaking on sexual matters (Liberty[65], Backlash etc). A Rapid Evidence Assessment purporting to give the law an academic basis, was deemed by academics to be ""extremely poor, based on contested findings and accumulated results... one-sided and simply ignores the considerable research tradition into "extreme" (be they violent or sexually explicit) materials..." - a statement signed by some 40 academics.[66] Legal opinion from QC suggests the concept is itself flawed. Prosecutions subsequently have been desultory, and included a humour spoof of Tony the Tiger having sex and preferring it to Frosties.[67][68] Even in the case which prompted the law, the guilty party had begun experimenting with such fetishes and had "murderous thoughts" years before viewing "extreme" pornography.[69][70]

Comment: We don't need this law. As well as criminalising the recording of one's own legal actions, the recording of ones friends or partners' legal actions, and the possession of material produced by friends of their legal actions, there's considerable research that questions the supposed connection in the first place.

13. Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 Proposed amendments Proposed amendments by MPs and Lords: Clause 63, Clause 113, 114, 115, Amendments 3-10, and 179). Possible amendments from Backlash.
19. Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005 Section 3[71] The ability of the Home Secretary to place control orders upon people.This ineffective measure would not be required if the adherance to the 'Human rights act' was repealed.[72]
20. Police Reform Act 2002.[73] Relevant sections This law among other things has given the ability for 'respected' community figures such as Nightclub Bouncers, Parking Attendants et al. to issue on-the-spot fines for anti-social behaviour. They also have access to the PNC (Police National Computer). It also allows for seizure of vehicles (S.59) despite the 1689 Bill of Rights specifically outlawing forfeiture before conviction[74][75]
21. Civil Contingencies Act 2004[76] The entire Act This enables ministers to sign into law extraordinarily draconian edicts without due debate and consultation.
22. The Criminal Justice Act 1988 (Offensive Weapons) (Amendment) Order 2008[77] The entire Order Inhibits people from pursuing their peaceful hobbies in order to combat a non-existant threat. The Home Office claimed in enacting the order that a consultation had demonstrated strong support for their actions, despite the fact that 85% of those consulted had opposed a ban on replica swords and 56% had opposed a ban on any other weapons.[78]
23. Health Act 2006 Chapter 1 This is the legislation that prevents you smoking in an enclosed public space or in the workplace, such as a restaurant or a company car. It is often claimed that the ban has had a huge negative impact on many pubs across the country[79], particularly since the recession began. It is however worth noting that the number of licensed premises in England and Wales has actually increased (by about 4%) since the introduction of the ban[80], while in Scotland (where a ban was introduced in 2005) the number of pubs itself has increased[81]. An alternative, if somewhat unpractical, approach would be to allow individual pubs to regulate smoking perhaps by setting aside designated smoking and non-smoking areas. In any case the ban enjoys widespread support from the general public[82]. debate
24. The Equality Act (Sexual Orientation) Regulations The regulation prevent discrimination in the provision of goods and services on the ground of sexual orientation. This could be seen as a violation of the principle of free association[factual?], and led to the closure of those adoption agencies (e.g. Catholic) unwilling to place children with same-sex couples. This was however denied by a recent judgement by Lord Justice John Grant McKenzie Laws in the case of a devoutly Christian marriage counsellor who went to the Court of Appeal in an attempt to overturn his sacking two years before after he refused to provide sexual advice for gay couples. Judge Law said that "religious faith is necessarily subjective, being incommunicable by any kind of proof or evidence." He added that to use the law to protect "a position held purely on religious grounds cannot therefore be justified."[83]. This judgement could give ground to a repeal of the regulations preventing discrimination in the provision of goods and services on the ground of religious beliefs.
25. Arbitration Act 2006 Gives the judgements of Sharia courts recognition in law[factual?]

...actually, it gives any civil arbitration method *agreed to by both parties* force in civil cases and equity only. Since the victim in criminal cases is the state, and the state has a duty to prosecute crimes under law, it cannot apply here.

26. Terrorism Act 2006[84] Sections 23 to 25 28 days detention without charge is too long.
27. Criminal Justice Act 2003[85] Section 7 and 306 14 days detention without charge is too long.
28. Terrorism Act 2000[86] Section 13, Sections 44 to 47 Improve freedom for peaceful protest, remove power to stop and search without probable cause
29. Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994 [87] Sections 34 to 39 and 61 to 80 Re-introduce the right to silence
30. Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 [88] The entire Act It is owners who are best placed to look after their property. This Act enables councils to prosecute people for crimes committed by previous owners and to be jailed for that.
31. Criminal Justice Act 2003[85] Part 10 and Schedule 5 This section of the Act removes the ancient right of (freedom from) double jeopardy and so should itself be removed. Debate
32. Licensing Act 2003 The entire Act [89]. This Act permits extended opening hours of licensed premises in a misguided scheme to introduce perceived European drinking habits to the UK. Instead incidents of violence and public disorder have extended into the early morning and has dramatically declined the standard of life of those in around licensed locations. The law also imposes restrictions on live music and entertainment which have inadvertently increased costs and legal limitations on voluntary and small social organisations[factual?]. It also contains the absurd requirement that businesses that sell alcoholic drinks by mail order should have a premises licence for premises that customers never visit.
33. Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994[90] Section 63 to 65 Prohibiting what people can do with their own land (as the Act states) is an infringement of their liberty to make use of their property. By giving the police the power to disperse any group (even if they have the land owners permission) this is an infringement of the right to free association.
34. Reserve Forces Act 1996[91] Sections 54 to 57 This Act has allowed the use of Territorial Army soldiers as cut-price replacements for regular troops in peacekeeping operations overseas. [92][93]
35. Extradition Act 2003[94] The entire Act Farewell, Gary McKinnon. An unpleasantly one-sided deal that discriminates against British subjects. The Americans have consistently declined to uphold their side of the bargain; the arrangement enjoys no reciprocity nor prospect of same[95]The Act should therefore be abolished.
36. Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 and all amendments thereto, also withdrawal from all treaties relating to the control of drugs. The entire Act For interfering with peoples right to find happiness in their own way, for promulgating the myth that your body and person belong to the state, for weakening the public mind by nannying people instead of allowing them to shoulder their own responsibilities and make their own choices. Drug prohibition is extremely expensive (policing, customs, criminal justice, prisons), criminalises large segments of the population, makes quality control impossible and harm minimization difficult, makes criminals rich while driving addicts to crime by inflating prices, is hugely hypocritical with respect to the relative dangers of legal drugs like alcohol and tobacco (each of which result in more deaths annually than all illegal drugs combined),[96] and deprives the government of tax revenue which could be spent on treatment - all while utterly and miserably failing in its primary purpose of preventing drug use. For example, the UK has higher rates of cannabis usage than the Holland, despite Dutch decriminalisation.[97]
37. Drugs Act 2005 Section 21 Included as an "add-on" a worthless restriction on sale of natural psylocybin mushrooms, a low risk item with almost no social issues and less toxic than aspirin. This attracted exceptionally heavy criticism from the House of Commons Select Committee's inquiry[98] for its lack of basis:
"Sir Michael Rawlins, Chairman of the ACMD [Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs], told us 'I have no idea what was going through the minds of the group who put it in Class A...It is there because it is there'. The Home Office has admitted that it has never conducted any research into psilocin use and that there is 'no clear evidence of a link between psilocin use and acquisitive or other crime'... the ACMD was not given the chance to consider the evidence properly before responding... the Home Office received no submissions in favour of the clarification of the law in respect of magic mushrooms prior to the Drugs Act 2005...and four submissions against... [W]e encountered a widespread view that the Class A status of magic mushrooms does not reflect the harms associated with their misuse. The RAND report concluded that the Government’s decision 'was not based on scientific evidence', noting that 'the positioning of them in Class A does not seem to reflect any scientific evidence...' The lethal dose for humans is about one’s own body weight in mushrooms... Professor Blakemore was also of the view that 'if one could look at all the evidence for harm available now, including social harms, one would say [the classification of magic mushrooms] is wrong'... The Government’s own 'Talk to Frank' drug information website states... 'not addictive in any way'... The drugs charity Release told us that 'There was little transparency as to the reasoning behind this policy', describing it as 'an unacceptable situation'... [an MP] stated 'The policy appears to have been driven by something other than evidence'..." and that there was a "striking lack of evidence to suggest that the Class A status...was merited on the basis of the harm associated with their misuse."
Committee testimony stated "My feeling was that the whole business was rushed through in 2005 because the election was coming and the Bill had to be on the statute book but, more importantly, because there were two court cases outstanding where the government were trying to prosecute shopkeepers."

In a clinical sense, these are almost universally agreed to be non-addictive, not related to a crime increase, low or no potential for abuse,[99] less toxic than asprin,[100] and associated primarily with spiritual experience in clinically reported double-blind tests.[101][102]

38. The Childrens Act 1989 [103] The entire Act This Act of introduced rights for children, without also conferring any responsibilities. It is probably the single biggest cause of social breakdown in Britain, since it has made it almost impossible for any adult to discipline or even criticise a child without fear of legal redress[factual?]. It also created the Child Support Agency (CSA), since dissolved. Repeal the entire act and then start over again, using our brains and experience of what happens when you give power to children and take it away from adults.
39. The Childrens Act 2004 [104] The entire Act This Act amended the Childrens Act 1989, making matters worse.

An unintended consequence was to place more blame on local authorities for the failings of parents of children placed on the protection register, so that (especially after Baby P) they are exceptionally over-sensitive to potential risk and errors or accusations of incompetence. The result introduces bureaucracy, drives away or straitjackets competent staff, and bloats budget requirements at the expense of other more serious and front line responsibilities. Repeal and start again.

40. Coroners and Justice Act 2009 [105] Section 62 and related clauses These sections redefine an adult over the age of consent as a child, and it includes all images even if they were not of any real people (e.g. cartoons and CGI) and are purely imaginary.[106][107] The law is far broader than simply images that would be intended for pedophiles - "child" is defined to include those appearing to be 17 or 18, as well as images of adults, where the "predominant impression conveyed" is of a person under the age of 18. As with Section 63 of the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 (see above), BBFC classified works are exempt, but a clip from such a work can still be illegal. The definitions include the possibility of criminalising a cartoon image where a fully clothed 17 year old is shown in the background of a scene where adults are depicted having sex. The definitions could cover graphic novels such as Lost Girls and Watchmen[108]. Mainstream TV such as South Park's Proper Condom Use depict cartoon scenes of children in sexual acts. The law was criticised in Committee debates by Conservative and Lib Dem MPs[109]. Similar laws in other countries have resulted in people being convicted for joke cartoon images[110].
41. Violent Crime Reduction Act 2006 [111] Section 36 to 41 Inhibits people from pursuing their peaceful hobbies by imposing unreasonable restrictions on replica firearms, including airsoft guns used in paintball-esque games. Film makers and theater production groups also cannot acquire replica firearms without being officially recognized, curtailing small scale amateur productions.
42. Telecommunications (Lawful Business Practice) (Interception of Communications) Regulations (SI 2000 No 2699) [112] The whole Regulations Allows businesses and government departments to intercept personal communications on their networks without consent. This is now the practice of schools as well.[factual?]
43. Gambling Act 2005[113]. The entire Act Reasons?
44. The Firearms (Amendment) Act 1988 The entire Act This was a poorly-thought out, knee-jerk response to a single incident which currently prevents a lawful, harmless form of recreation from being enjoyed by law-abiding sportspeople in the UK. It has failed to curtail firearms related crime, which has risen exponentially since that time. Singling out particular types of firearm has no effect on murder rates or the criminal misuse of firearms in general. A bolt action rifle can cause as much harm as a semi-automatic rifle. Banning the later was for political show only.
45. Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005 Section 110
Section 152
Section 110 - For the first time since 1829 this act has empowered any constable to arrest and detain any person without warrant for any offence, no matter how trivial. In all cases they may use reasonable force, may detain with handcuffs, and may require a DNA sample to be taken all of which is unjustified by the nature of the offences and could reduce the trust between the police and the public.

Also section 152 appears to override RTA 1988 Section 164(8) and is open to abuse. If you are unable to produce your drving license and counterpart immediately when stopped by the police, your vehicle can be seized.

46. Prevention of Crime Act 1988[114] Section 139[114], change 'good reason', to 'reasonable excuse', or explicitly allow lock knives[115][116] "The lock knife is bought by decorators, electricians, campers and a multitude of other members of the public who do not know that possession in a public place is illegal." [115] Lock knives are tools, safer to use than pen knives, and there is no reason for adults to be criminalised for possessing them. According to the reporting in The Independent[116], MPs intended the allowed 'folding knives' to include lock knives, it was judicial activism that made them illegal. Debate
47 Race Relations Amendment Act 2000 The entire Act In creating a requirement to promote "race equality" and demonstrate that procedures to prevent racial discrimination are in place this Act transforms what ought to be matters of conscience into an exercise in burdensome bureaucracy. Has engendered among the ethnic majority both sometimes justifiable resentment and a feeling that anyone from outside their number succeeding in their chosen sphere is doing so only because of their minority status, which is quite often wholly unfair. Has created the atmosphere which allowed the Ali Dizaei debacle in the Metropolitan Police to take place and done nothing to promote feelings of pan-racial "community".
48. Race Relations Act 1976 The entire Act Overrode the eminently sensible Race Relations Act 1965 which confined itself solely to the public sphere more or less in its entirety, and established a quango which positively thrives - indeed depends - upon interracial malcontent and stirring up suspicions of an omnipresent racism in the shape of the Commission for Racial Equality.
49. Race Relations Act 1968 The entire Act Intrudes unacceptably into areas which are more properly matters for personal conscience and public opprobrium to deal with. Actually damaged race relations in the United Kingdom in a way the far milder and more appropriate Race Relations Act 1965 did not in that it encouraged members of ethnic minorities who might previously have only suspected prejudicial treatment to band together into "communities" and go hunting for it, setting themselves against the native (for lack of a better term) population. Separation from the wider community was incentivised as unintegrated "communities" regarded as homogenous by outsiders became better able to campaign for preferential treatment and increased "group rights" than the individual who regards himself as simply British. As well as ghettoising ethnic minorities, all this has an equally unwelcome effect on members of the majority poplation, who have been taught to resent and fear (particulary as regards potential litigation) members of ethnic minorities even where their history in Britain goes back three or four generations.
50. Occupier's Liability Act 1984 The entire Act Places unfair burden upon householders by making them liable for injury suffered by tresspassers on their property, leading to the famous case of a burglar who broke his leg falling through floorboards and successfully sued. Previous legislation more than adequately protected children, legitimate callers or people straying onto property by accident. This statute serves no useful purpose other than to increase public perception of the unfairness of the legal system.
51. Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 Sections 8 (d) This section of the Act makes it a crime for the occupier or manager of premises to permit someone to use cannabis on those premises. This section was due to be amended in the Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001, section 38, but this new law was repealed under the Drugs Act 2005.[117] Although the legal situation is currently somewhat vague, it appears that Section 8(d) is still in force. This law creates the absurd situation in which housing providers, drug treatment centers, and homeless shelters can work with heroin and other drug addicts within the law, but if the drug involved is cannabis the organisation risks prosecution if they allow the person to remain in their facilities. When around 10%[97] of all 15-64 year olds use cannabis at least once per year (and many much more often) it is simply unreasonable and counterproductive to hold occupiers or managers criminally responsible for cannabis use on their premises.
52. Building Regulations Part P These sections make it convoluted or near-impossible for a homeowner to easily do even the most basic electrical DIY without consulting the council - replacing a plug or an electrical switch. While electrical safety is important, this is an unreasonable restriction, that a homeowner "may" be alowed (or may equally be forbidden) to do such basic DIY work in their home. Cost to homeowner of replacing facia of socket themselves - £10 (£4 socket, £6 time). Cost to do same in an area where notification "may" or "may not" be required depending on the council - extra admin, extra letters, a council employee, time needed on hold to my council asking if they consider the work "notifiable" or not - total cost for my time, councils time, form designers, data processors, council data storage, offices and facilities, council's internal audit and compliance time, administration clerks, possible electrician? £200? There has to be a way to greatly lighten this unnecessary item. (Current "easy read" regulations)
53. Criminal Justice Act 2003 Section 287 Requires courts to impose a mandatory minimum jail sentence of five years for possession of an illegal firearm. This has produced many notable injustices including the lengthy imprisonment of non-violent and otherwise law-abiding people who have come into possession or retained war trophies and antiques. [118] [119], [120]
54. The Prevention of Crime Act 1953 The relevant section(s) Has the effect of criminalizing the carrying of any object in public intended for the purpose of self-defence.
55. Restriction of Offensive Weapons Act 1959 The relevant section(s) This Act had the effect of banning perfectly legitimate tools from those who would benefit from them. Both 'flick knives' and 'gravity knives' utilize their method of releasing a blade to ensure safe operation when restricted to using one hand [121], the later notably being exclusively manufactured for parachute applications. [122] The way in which a folding knife folds has no bearing on its lethality and as folding knives in general are not illegal, concealment should not be a factor.
56. Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 General The "controversy" section at Wikipedia gives a good summary of all that was wrong with this. A huge list of bodies were allowed to access private data, that data was promptly used for matters outside the anticipated scope of the law (dog fouling?), the matter was "sexed up" with reference to pornography and terrorism in a dubious manner as part of the politics of the time, it became a license to create a surveillance society, secondary legislation was wide open... awful lawmaking. But governments love power.
57. Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 Part 3 A specific part of the above. RIPA part 3 imposes a nearly impossible to argue presumption of guilt (encryption key possession), and for what? The sole prosecution under part III is a schizophrenic not judged to be a threat to national security, and not suspected of holding illegal material, jailed for 9 months.[123] If I wanted to cause my spouse or anyone else some trouble, I'd put a file of random data on their computer, then anon call the police and claim they have an encrypted file of child porn and that's why I'm resigning/divorcing. They get investigated, the court demands an encryption key to the random data, they of course deny knowing anything, they get sentenced for refusal because the court "reasonably believes" it to be data and that therefore they "reasonably" must have had a key to it that they are withholding. Brilliant revenge recipe, not good law. Until these issues are faced, a law presuming guilt has no fair place in this UK society. Debate
58. Anti-social Behaviour Act 2003 Part 5 This part of the act added airguns that use a self-contained air cartridge system to Section 5 of the Firearms Act, alongside rocket launchers and machine guns. Only around 1500 were surrendered and 6000 put on a firearm license. BASC estimates that around 68000 are still in circulation [124], the owners of which face prosecution should they be found in possession or decide to hand them in to the police. Essentially, somewhere near 68000 new criminals were created overnight. Another 'feel-good' law that achieved nothing but taking away people's hobbies.
59. The Policing and Crime Act 2009 Part 2 14, 53A introduces a new offence of paying for sexual services with a strict liability that a third person (c) has not engaged in coercive behaviour. The definition of coercive behaviour in the act is too broad, including any form of deception. Minor forms of deception are included in almost all human interactions and that means that (a) would be guilty of an offence in almost any situation where a third person is involved. The act is not designed to protect victims from abuse and that the law is too broad.

Strict liability goes against natural justice and the provision is not well regarded by the police, who consider it very hard to enforce. In fact, it may be harmful to those who offer sexual services as will any law that prevents openness. This provision of the act should be removed for being unworkable and for eroding the principle of "mens rea". It is not the place of Government to dictate what adults do with their bodies in private, but it is fair to restrict what is done in public.

Comment: s.14? Ouch! This essentially criminalises all paid sex, by any person, anywhere in the world, because nobody can know for sure whether some third party may have made some statement that might be cited as a form of coercion, or told some statement a fraction less than the truth, to the hooker, and there is no defence of ignorance nor any restriction to UK territory. If soliciting or accepting prostitution is to be criminalised, or it is to be a crime for a citizen to have sex with a prostitute anywhere in the world, say so directly. But if the intent of this is to impede sex slavery, then it's an awful, awful, approach. Amicus 13:52, 14 May 2010 (UTC) (disclosure - I have never in my life paid for sex nor been with any prostitute)

60. The Road Traffic Act 1988 Part 1 21, 172 forces motorists to incriminate themselves, stripping them of the normal Right to Silence. This is most often used in speed camera cases.
61. Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984
Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001
Criminal Justice Act 2003
Sections dealing with DNA evidence Revoke of the sections allowing DNA to be effectively taken from anyone, where any suspicion of anything is alleged (however unfounded or trivial), which to add insult to injury, they also cannot easily get removed and is kept indefinitely. While DNA is useful to have on database for future crimes, the logic of "keep it in case it's useful" has been rejected - we do not for example DNA profile the entire nation. Good justification is needed to take DNA, keep DNA, and to not within a very few months of use, destroy DNA, even if it would potentially be useful to have on file for decades. In principle DNA should not be accessible unless there is reasonable suspicion of a jury triable offence or one carrying imprisonment, and should be destroyed upon aquittal or within 3 years of end of sentence for less serious offences. Long term storage might be justified for offences involving violence, burglary, sexual issues, and a specific list of matters, but not "everything".
62. The Copyright and Related Rights Regulations 2003 Section 296ZE A good section, but why the cumbersome and intimidating requirement that a consumer must seek redress via the Secretary of State? Surely this can be simplified and made more accessible with direct approach to the copyright holder, or by the courts?

The requirement might be reworded as: "...may deliver notice to the copyright holder or their appointed representative in the designated form, and upon receipt of such a notice a means shall be provided by the copyright holder or their appointed representative to enable a person to carry out the permitted act within a reasonable period"

and perhaps: "In the event of a failure by a copyright holder to provide a means to carry out the permitted act within a reasonable time, the complainant seeking to undertake a permitted act may apply to the Court for an order requiring compliance."

63. Terrorism Act 2000 Section 58 Outlaws possessing an immensely wide range of information ("of a kind likely to be useful to a person committing or preparing an act of terrorism"). This could conceivably be any information, as any information could in theory be "useful". There is no requirement of any evidence that it was intended in fact to be useful, was downloaded in connection with terrorism, or anything of that kind. There is no defence that on a balance of probability it was not in the person's possession with a criminal intention. We're here on the Wikipedia/Wikiversity website, a clear example of this - someone wrote up the encyclopedia's hundreds of articles on explosives, tactics, terrorism tricks, detection methods, police procedures. Someone obtained and had in their possession the scientific and operational research to do that article writing. "Material likely to be useful"? Of course! So... arrest them for having edited the article or viewed it on their computer? (Viewing is deemed to be possession/control in cyberlaw as the browser saves a copy to the computer). See also this Appeal Court case.

This section is hopelessly widely drawn. It's also hopelessly ineffective. Most material that "could be useful" has dual uses that are non-terrorism based, common curiosity and non-censorship are highly regarded values, and - lacking any and all safeguards that there is some tie between the information and a criminal interest - this section effectively forbids viewing or owning of all kinds of information and knowledge with valid uses. A recent case exposing the draconian nature of this was that of Home Gunsmith series author Philip Luty's recent arrest, and subsequent arrest of many people who downloaded his legal books available via his website. [125]

64. The Firearms Act Section 5 - Non-lethal weapons A variety of non lethal self-defence devices are included in the list of prohibited weapons, alongside machine guns and rocket launchers. Both pepper spray and electronic stun guns offer an excellent and reliable means of protecting oneself against an attack. The prohibition of these devices not only strips away a perfectly legitimate means of self-defence benefited from across most of Europe, but unnecessarily criminalizes those who decide to take responsibility for their own protection by carrying said devices.[126] What good is the right to defend yourself when you have no effective means to do so?
65. Unsure
(relates to taking photos of ones children and family)
News reports over the years highlight an excessive and increasing infringement of family rights, in the area of parents and friends taking photos of their kids' activities. Parents and friends forbidden from taking pics of their children's Christmas nativity play, or family photos on the beach or park, or at football,[127][128][129] or in extreme cases considered to be grounds for suspicion of paedophilia.[130][131] I have a suspicion that the number of adults taking such pictures for innocent family reasons massively outweighs the number of delinquents who take such pictures for obsession. (Are pics of kids so hard for a perv to take elsewhere that nativity plays and football grounds get filled with such malfeasors... unlikely) I don't know what rules, regulations or laws led to this incursion and near-criminalising of the ordinary record of the most precious part of life - the growing up of one's family and ones children's achievements and social activities - but applicable laws or uncertainties needs revoking or clarifying.
66. Data Protection Act 1998 A review of this act, which is well intentioned and broadly beneficial, but widely considered too complex[132] and has the effect of massive "red tape" in practice, especially on clubs, non-profits, and small businesses and organisations. See Data Protection Act 1998: 'Complexity' and 'Problems of Interpretation' on Wikipedia for a summary: "[DPA1998] has a reputation for complexity... interpreting the act is not always simple. Many companies, organisations and individuals seem very unsure of the aims, content and principles of the DPA. Some hide behind the Act and refuse to provide even very basic, publicly available material quoting the Act as a restriction..." [133]

Rightly or wrongly, DPA has also been held responsible by some news sources for issues such as the above (children's photos) due to wider society not being sure exactly what was "pesonal information" or okay, and what was not. Perhaps also a de minimis exemption from registration may be possible and worthwhile for small businesses and organisations and certain kinds of usage?

67. Wireless Telegraphy Act 1949 Section 5(b) 5(b)(i) - Any reception of unencrypted radio communications not on a ‘broadcast band’ is illegal. Criminalises plane-spotters with their scanner. Far too wide ranging.


Comment: Actually the entirety of 5(b), because 5(b)(ii) is an equal problem. Criminalises listening to any wireless transmission with intent to hear what's being broadcast unless an intended recipient, or disclosing what they were told by third parties who heard a broadcast that they were not intended recipients. Unreasonable in this day and age. Trivial example - Gordon Brown's microphone in the 2010 election, if this had been enforced (it could be argued that once he got in his car, the media were not an "intended recipient") - the nation would never have heard of Mrs Duffy and every newspaper reporting it, any person mentioning it, would potentially have been a criminal. More serious example - plane spotters, wireless afficionados, broadcasts from ships and overseas, ham radio, etc. "Intent to receive contents..." can be proven by simply listening to a radio on a variety of channels. There is no requirement of reasonableness. In most other areas of privacy the legal line is that a person who puts a matter (or a communication) into the public arena is implicitly agreeing it is public. Anyone with broadcast capability is either a hobbyist, a company or an official body having the capability to keep their communications private if they so wish, or else evidently doesn't care.

Trivial example. A laptop or mobile phone user visits a wireless point at a cafe or other location. He/she requests the device to locate suitable wireless connections to identify 1) if there is indeed a wireless connection available or 2) to connect to the cafe's stated network. The device (as normal for wifi) lists all 6 networks it can identify as broadcasting in the area, including a fellow cafe-user's mobile phone that's bluetooth-connected and a named wifi network from an office next door, and asks which one the user wishes to connect to. The messages sent by these networks are legally a "message" (defined as: "the making of any signal or the sending or conveying of any... information"), so just by checking or attempting to identify the wifi connection the user has already breached 5(b)(i).

Solution: rewrite this section to specify a much narrower list of broadcast sources or wavebands, and to equipment designed for (or intended for use in) unauthorised intercepting or descrambling mobile phone, portable phone, wireless internet, bluetooth, and other domestic wireless communications, with an exclusion for communications intended to be received by any receiving device (eg loction broadcasts, device connection request signals, signals picked up by wireless equipment which are not stored or put into human-readable form, etc).

68. The Immigration (Certificate of Entitlement to the Right of Abode in the United Kingdom Regulations 2006 (No 3145) and The 2002 Immigration Act Section 10 which gives authority to the home secretary to pass statutory regulations This regulation which did not undergo a legally required impact assessment and claimed it did not over ride primary legislation nor the European Charter on Human Rights is used by the immigration authrority to assert control over those they have no right to control with regards their rights to live and work freely in the UK. The 2002 Act provides executive power to the Home Secretary to circumvate going to parliament and has been used to create the 2006 regulations which came in force in 2008. It was also passed when the anti terror legislations were, and overrides the rights of British Patrials who have right of abode in the uk based on their descent from a father or mother born in the UK and is a British citizen. A law against being half english, scotish, walesh, or Irish. This act was used to attempt to over ride primary legislation over the children of British born parents who were born before Februay 07 1961 to subject them to repeated application and fees without regard to their ability to pay such fees as a capitive market with the sole purpose of making money and subjecting them to direct and indirect control regardless of all the primarily legislations namely the 1971 immigration act which allows such persons to be treated equally and on the same basis as British citizens.

It is an unjust act designed to force the takeup of the identity cards and also holds such persons as a captive market and states that such persons should cost recovery fees even if they are already tax payers and the children of UK tax payers and have the closesly of all links through blood to the country mostly children of mixed commonwealth and uk citizens living in the country.

69. Public Order Act 1986 Section 5 Unfortunately used to enforce 'speech crime' (as an excuse to arrest usually) - anything said or written on a placard (i.e. during protest) that may cause 'offence' is an arrestable offence.
70. Criminal Justice Act 1987 Section 2A This section makes it a crime not to answer a question in an interview conducted under this part. This is a travesty of justice and can allow the SFO to go on fishing experditions asking questions on pain of imprisonment a businessman may not know the answer to. In the wost case it is possible, and has happened, for the SFO to charge someone for not answering a question even though the question is unconected to the offence being investigated
71. Sexual Offences Act 2003 Part 1, Section 45, Clauses 1 and 2, and related This section extends the definition of "child" from the Protection of Children Act (1978) to cover persons of 16 and 17 years. This age group is thereby covered by child pornography laws in the aforementioned 1978 act and elsewhere. It is thusly illegal to make "indecent" images of 16 and 17 year olds (or indeed in most cases for 16 and 17 year olds to make such images of themselves.) [The term "indecent" is undefined in law.]

The main problem with this legislation is that it is logically and morally incompatible with the age of sexual consent being 16 years. A recording or depiction of a lawful act should not be unlawful; neither should persons who are legally recognised as sexual beings - and therefore adults in that regard - be prohibited from recording or depicting themselves, or consenting to be recorded or depicted, as sexual beings. While the motivation behind the extension of protection to 16 and 17 year olds was well-meaning, it does not make rational or moral sense that an image or recording of a person with whom one can legally have sexual intercourse should be legally defined as "child pornography". The protection of children and young people from exploitation is paramount to a just and decent society; however, the laws by which we live our lives should also make a modicum of sense. This inconsistency in the legislation could alternatively be rectified equally well by raising the age of sexual consent to 18.

Debate
72. The Merchant Shipping (Inland Waterway and Limited Coastal Operations) (Boatmasters' Qualifications and Hours of Work) Regulations 2006 Alter section 4 to deregulate rather than require alternative equivalent qualifications This is the narrowing of an over-broad piece of legislation. For many years, charities, community groups, scouts etc. have taken groups of children narrowboating, happily chugging along Britain's inland waterways at 3mph without any problem. However, the above SI makes it a requirement for the captain of a narrowboat carrying non-relatives to have a qualification. The simplest one, the National Community Boats Association's Certificate of Boat Management, costs over £100, plus two days of time and travel, to obtain. The upshot is that fewer groups go narrowboating because leaders cannot be bothered to get the qualification - they just go and do something simpler instead, like camping.

However, there is a predicted network effect - as the volume of business dries up, the suitable multi-berth boats will become uneconomical to run for the hire companies, and will get retired or converted. Then, it will not be possible for anyone to go, qualification or not. Over-regulation kills what it attempts to control.

The playing field here is not level - the captain of a boat containing a family or family group is not required to be qualified. (Doing so would devastate the leisure canal boat hire industry.) And I know of no accidents which this regulation might have been brought in to prevent a repeat of. It's just regulation for the sake of it. There is no need for this regulation; those who lead community groups and camps are already checked for suitability in many other ways. They should be allowed to use their judgement, and parents should be allowed to assess for themselves whether the person appointed to run an activity seems competent and careful.

At the very least, the skippering of narrowboats hired for pleasure on inland waterways should be deregulated entirely.

Comment: Cogently argued.

73. The Proceeds Of Crime Act 2002 and amendments 2007 and 2009 This Law has destroyed the Presumption of Innocence and allows the Police and the Crown Prosecution Service to punish the innocent before charge and before trial. It allows Police to seize every moveable item of value from a suspect before charge and further allows the Crown Prosecution Service to freeze all a suspects assets before charge and before trial. It brings forward the spectre of a Police State to Britain Visit www.afbio.co.uk to see the abuse
74. The Road Vehicles (Statutory Off-Road Notification) Regulations 1997 Section 7 When keeping a vehicle off road, it should be sufficent to declare SORN once. However you must tell the DVLA every year that nothing has changed or be fined. A headache for classic car owners who happen to be on holiday when the renewal arrives. Why should privately owned possesions, on private land, be 'licensed' by the state in this way?

Comment Makes sense. The off-road notice should have an option "until further notice" where the owner states they will notify DVLA if this changes.

75. Unknown
(Adverse possession laws)
The news routinely reports cases of adverse possession where legitimate land and home-owners must go through much legal process, expense and often distress and difficulty, to recover land and property that has been occupied without their consent. There is a valid benefit to adverse possession law, in that land and property not managed by its owner should have owners' status granted to its actual occupant after a period of time and unused land should be allowed to have economic use, but this should cover land and property in some state of abandonment by the owner and/or whose occupation is unchallenged for a substantial time, not any occupation of any brief duration and however obtained (with or without permission). The current law is archaic and routinely responsible for cases of very grave injustice.

Granting the same legal right over property to merely opportunistic occupiers from the moment they acquire de facto control, or to any person who manages to change the locks regardless of ownership rights, is abusive and unjust. A person who acquires any other asset without permission or rights knows they may lose possession at any moment. It's the nature of "property". With any other property, an owner can quickly and easily gain recovery, if necessary by asking the police or courts to "move on" the non-owner. The law supporting adverse possession being different for land and property (other than longer term uncontested occupation) should be repealed, for the removal of injustice. A better approach is suggested on the debate page.

Debate
76. Copyrights, Designs and Patents Act 1988 Especially Sections 12-15 This Act dates from the pre-digital age and is no longer appropriate. There are a huge number of published works that are in a 'limbo' situation where they are not in print but still governed by copyright laws. Change the rules so that once a work has been out of print for a certain time (say, 3 years) it automatically loses its copyright status (with a possible opt-out mechanism for those authors who specifically do not wish that to happen despite no longer earning royalties). This would enable such works to be scanned and placed on the Internet with a consequent huge increase in the accessibility of knowledge and learning that would therefore be made available to all.

Furthermore, remove all historical parish registers and other such data from copyright status entirely so that any organization such as the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints which possesses copies of these documents can place such images online without needing the permission of any archivist or diocesan authority or anyone else for that matter. This would greatly increase access to such documents for family historians everywhere.

77. Traffic Act 1981, 1986 and later Unknown These Acts brought in compulsory seat belt wearing. Not only is the issue of an individual wearing a seat belt none of the Government's business rather a matter of personal choice and responsibility there is also reasonable evidence to assume it has not reduced the number of accidents or fatalities see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seat_belt_legislation#The_British_law
78. 1925 Dangerous Drugs Act and others Unknown This Act and its successors have criminalised the use of cannabis and other substances. The use of such substances is purely a matter of personal choice and responsibility. Secondly the criminalisation of these substances has created a huge criminal supply network which would be removed by the decriminalisation of drugs as well as improving the quality/safety of the substances and reducing the consequential crime caused by drug users/addicts.
79. Child Car Seat Regulations - 2006 Unknown This is an area of parental decision and responsibility.
80. Unknown Unknown Laws criminalising brothels and associated facets of prostitution. Such laws should be removed and prostitution decriminalised. It is a matter of personal choice and private negogation. Criminalising it only makes the 'business' more dangerous, linked to criminal gangs, harder to zone and removes the tax revenue.
81. The Education (Student Support) (No.2) Regulations 2008 No. 1582 Part 2 6(b), 7(c), 8(d) This penalises the sons and daughters of those UK citizens working outside the UK, who attend international schools but wish to return to the UK to attend universities in England. No allowance is made for the UK curriculum taught in the international schools, nor whether the student returns home to the UK every school year. The finances of the student are dependant on the activities of the parent. Before international schools were available, migrant workers would need to place their children in boarding schools, this legislation turns back the clock.

Constitutional deregulation

Clause Legislation Extent of repeal Reasoning
1.Legislative and Regulatory Reform Act 2006 [134]The entire ActThis Act allows changes in legislation and regulation without reference to Parliament.
2.European Communities Act 1972[135]The entire ActThis Act undermines democracy by transferring powers from the British Parliament to unelected functionaries abroad. It allows substantial changes in the law to be made without a vote in Parliament.

Disagree: Repealing this Act will in practice mean the UK leaving the EU.

Agree: A large proportion of our laws (in the order of 75%) are made by the EU with Parliament having no say in their imposition. Repealing this Act will in practice mean leaving the EU, which will result in the restoration of sovereignty which was given away by various governments without the consent of either Parliament or the people.
3.Parliament Act 1911[136]S7This Act allows changes in legislation without reference to the House of Lords. At the very least, the 1949 Act should be repealed, because the 1911 Act was sufficient. The 1911 Act could also be amended so it could not be used to amend the constitution (the 1949 Act was passed by invoking the 1911 Act). Agree: This Act should not be repealed but amended to disallow further constitutional Acts to be passed using it (such as the Parliament Act 1949). Section 7 should be repealed (see Septennial Act 1715 below).
4.Parliament Act 1949[137]The entire ActThis Act shortens the durations in which the House of Lords can delay legislation from three to two sessions/two years to one year. The Parliament Act 1911 already establishes the primacy of the House of Commons and this Act should be repealed (with relevant provisions to re-enact amended sections of the 1911 Act) to enhance scrutiny and prevent bad bills from being passed.
5.Septennial Act 1715[138]The entire ActThis Act lengthens the maximum duration of a Parliament from three to seven years, and was amended by the Parliament Act 1911 to change this to five years. It should be repealed and replaced with an Act establishing fixed-term Parliaments (currently being debated at five years).
6.European Union (Amendment) Act 2008[139]The entire ActGives force to the European Constitution (Treaty of Lisbon - may only be ratified if the Lisbon Treaty wins popular support in a national referendum)

Disagree: Now that the Treaty is in force, any referendum will be purely academic since there is nothing the UK Parliament can do about it short of leaving the EU.

Agree: Leaving the EU is a much better outcome than retaining a hugely flawed and monstrously undemocratic EU Constitution. In any case, it is quite possible that unilaterally repealing this Act will result in the EU requesting the UK to remain involved in more or less the same way that Norway and Switzerland are involved. Again, if we stay in the EU, then the whole Government project of "Big Society" through devolution of power and accountability will be a mockery: huge powers are currently held by EU bodies and cannot be devolved without repealing this (and probably other) Acts.
7.Human Rights Act 1998[140]The entire ActTo be repealed and replaced by proposed new Bill of Rights [141]. The proposed new Bill should be written only in accordance with, and in the spirit of, the existing Bill of Rights 1689 [142] and should create enhanced rights for established, ethnic Britons above and beyond any 'entry-level' rights which may be granted to foreign newcomers of unknown antecedence. In any event, this statue shall renounce and repudiate the use of cruel and unusual punishment against all persons whilst they remain within the environs of the United Kingdom. No person of any ethnic background shall suffer torture or any other form of cruel and unusual punishment whilst they remain within United Kingdom. The possibility that they may become so at risk if deported, however, is not a proper matter for United Kingdom courts which shall confine themselves to domestic considerations alone. Disagree: The Human Rights Act 1998 implements certain human rights obligations under European Community law (see the charter of fundamental rights). The proposed 'Bill of Rights' would effectively have to contain everything already within the HRA 1998 and confining the courts to 'domestic' considerations alone opens the path for massive governmental abuse of fundamental human rights. It will also be expensive to redraft the legislation for no real purpose.
8.House of Lords Act 1999[143]The entire ActThis Act increasingly excludes hereditary peers from the House of Lords thereby replacing the ancient concept of 'Noblesse oblige' - the "Obligation of the Nobels" with the inferior prospect of creating a peasant underclass reminiscent of the 14th Century, lorded over by a parasitical form of master or 'squire' with no inherent misgivings with which to reign-back on his newly-re-enabled exploitation of the poor. Disagree: Getting rid of hereditary peers is one step in the direction of an elected and democratic House of Lords (or whatever it may be called after reforms) which will be much more accountable than a set of people only there by virtue of birth.
9.Representation of the People ActAdd a new Section after S6: Residential Qualification for Candidates for Parliamentary Elections:

"6A No nomination papers for a candidate for a Parliamentary Election shall be valid unless the candidate has been registered as an elector under S3 of this Act in the same constituency for not less than the previous 24 months before the date on which nominations must be submitted." Reasons: This would ensure that there could be no dispute or discussion as to the location of an MP's primary residence and would have significant benefit in providing local ties with the candidate and prevent central party machines from imposing candidates. There would also be a benefit in that candidates would know and understand the area and its needs and also be more likely to have held a proper job.

Disagree: This bill is about repeals, not new laws. However, I do agree with the sentiment.
10.The EU Data Retention DirectiveThe entire DirectiveThis directive mandates that all communcations traffic (Email, Web, Phone, Cellphone, SMS etc) messages be kept for up to 18 months by the service providers. At the moment, it just requires the logs, not the content of the communication, but this is merely because of technical limitations. This directive requires what should be forbidden: ISPs should not be permitted to retain any additional logging except the bare minimum required for billing. Government (or other officials) should not be allowed to impose retrospective surveillance, or go on "fishing" expeditions. This is an EU directive, not a UK law, but it's so bad that it should be explicitly voided. Free speech requires the right to anonymous speech. Wiretapping must be limited in extend, and require a court order.
11.Royal Marriages Act 1772[144]The entire ActThis Act prevents members of the Royal Family from marriage without either the consent of the monarch or both Houses of Parliament and notification of the Privy Council. In this day and age it is unacceptable that the monarch should be able to agree and disagree to marriages in his/her family.
12.The Immigration (Certificate of Entitlement to the Right of Abode in the United Kingdom) Regulations 2006 (SI 2006/3145)The entire RegulationsThis act was used to attempt to over ride primary legislation over the children of British born parents who were born before Februay 07 1961 to subject them to repeated application and fees without regard to their ability to pay such fees as a capitive market with the sole purpose of making money and subjecting them to direct and indirect control regardless of all the primarily legislations namely the 1971 immigration act which allows such persons to be treated equally and on the same basis as British citizens. It is an unjust act designed to force the takeup of the identity cards and also holds such persons as a captive market and states that such persons should cost recovery fees even if they are already tax payers and the children of UK tax payers and have the closesly of all links through blood to the country mostly children of mixed commonwealth and uk citizens living in the country.

Charitable reform

Clause Legislation Extent of repeal Reasoning
1.Charities Act 2006[145]Provision for "public benefit" of private schoolsA politically motivated clause that forces an unnecessary and deliberate burden on private schools that provide excellent education. To be replaced with a provision banning the use of taxpayers' money, in the form of tax refunds, to politically motivated "charities" such as the Taxpayers' Alliance. Disagree - the Act's public benefit requirement allows judges to weight the balance between benefit to society and cost on the public purse (tax breaks etc) that will be accorded to charities; institutions should prove their worth before being awarded free tax breaks.
2.Education Act 1994[146]Section 22, Clause 2(f)This restriction unfairly limits paid part-time elected officers and should really have been dovetailed in with "major union office holders" in Clause 2(d). With the diversification of students' unions and the move in many mature/part-time institutions to have paid officers working part-time(following the Widening Participation agenda), this Clause is a barrier to good governance.
3.Education Act 1994[146]Section 22, Clause 9With the advancement of online or virtual voting, this exemption for 'open' or 'distance-learning' students' union not to have to hold a secret ballot to elect their 'major union office holders' is obselete. Quite easily this can be made part of the distance learning student experience.

Obsolete and spent provisions

Clause Legislation Extent of repeal Reasoning
1.Easter Act 1928[147]The entire ActThis Act has never been bought into force, and if it were to happen at some stage, it would make the UK out-of-sync with the date of Easter in all other countries. The date of Easter is a consideration for the churches, not Parliament. Another reason being it is an infringement of a persons right to celebrate religious occasions when they would traditionally do so. And more importantly, the Easter Act 1928, can be brought into action at any moment. What if this was a more cynical Act, such as: greater statism, brining in new criminal offences. Or an increase in the executives power.
2.Parliamentary Elections Act 1695[148]The entire ActThere is nothing left in this Act since all of its provisions have since been repealed.

Authorities and bodies to be abolished

There are plenty of QUANGOs available at [3] that can be listed here.

Clause Authority or body Enabling Legislation Reasoning Debate
1. England Marketing Advisory Board Obsolete and no longer necessary.
2. Gambling Commission[149] Gambling Act 2005[150], Part 2 and Schedule 4 plus consequential amendments Obsolete and no longer necessary.
3. Horserace Betting Levy Board[151] Can be dissolved by commencing Part 2 of the Horserace Betting and Olympic Lottery Act 2004[152] Obsolete and no longer necessary.

Agreed: Do we really need a board for this (especially if the government will be selling off the Tote)?
4. British Wool Marketing Board[153] No reason why farmers cannot have a marketing organisation. No reason why they have to register with this board.
5. The Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board[154] Again, like wool marketing, there is no reason why we need a board with a compulsory levy on the potato industry. If potato farmers want a marketing association then they can set one up.
6. The Equalities and Human Rights Commission[155] Expensive quango set up to persecute anyone not displaying sufficient political correctness.
7. The Electoral Commission[156] Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000[157] Expansionist quango looking to take over elections from local authorities, centralise them and make them easier to rig. Widely-reported problems at close of poll on 6 May could have been avoided if money wasted on the Commission had been available to Acting Returning Officers to do their job.
8. The Infrastructure Planning Commission[158] Planning Act 2008[159] Planning should be done by elected local authorities, not bureaucrats.
9. The Planning Inspectorate[160] Planning should be done by elected local authorities, not bureaucrats.
10. Advisory Panel on Standards for the Planning Inspectorate[161] If the above two bodies are abolished then it follows that this one should be too.
11. Capacitybuilders[162] Three NDPBs are not required for the voluntary sector. Charities can work just as well directly with government.
12. The Social Investment Business[163] Three NDPBs are not required for the voluntary sector. Charities can work just as well directly with government.
13. Commission for the Compact[164] Three NDPBs are not required for the voluntary sector. Charities can work just as well directly with government.
14. Better Regulation Executive[165] A little ironic that the drive for less red tape is being led by another NDPB.
15. Women's National Commission[166] Can easily be merged into the Equalities and Human Rights Commission.
16. Homes and Communities Agency[167] Should be abolished and its functions merged into CLG.
17. National Housing and Planning Advice Unit[168] Should be abolished and its functions merged into CLG.

Consequential amendments

Clause Legislation Extent of repeal Reasoning
1.Legislative and Regulatory Reform Act 2001[169]The entire ActThis created the initial conditions whereby detailed or controversial Orders can be created in a way that avoids formal Parliamentary scrutiny. Perceived problems in this Act led to the Legislative and Regulatory Reform Act 2006.
2.Legislative and Regulatory Reform Act 2006[134]Various changes in legislation and regulation without reference to Parliament.If this Act itself is to be repealed, all proposed changes and Orders will require to be reviewed individually by Parliament.
3.Communications Act 2003[170]S124A-RThis is as a consequence of repeals to the Digital Economy Act 2010, which amended this Act.

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External links

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