Reproductive health/Vegetarian breast enlargement

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This guide is for female dietary vegetarian breast enlargement. This resource is for non-vegetarians and vegetarians alike. Almost everything a person eats directly or indirectly comes from plants to show that bovine extracts are unnecessary.

Theoretically, indicated bulk herbs and staple foods should be highly effective. Bulk herbs are more cost effective than breast enlargement supplements, while providing a significant amount of necessary phytochemicals. Certain staple foods also contain significant amounts of necessary phytohormones. Proper complementary nutrition is also important.

There has been folklore and interest in using herbs for breast enlargement and lactation throughout history.[1] There have been limited modern scientific studies to test the efficacy of herbal breast enlargement, but that does not necessarily mean that is it not possible.[1] First, accept your body how it is, then go with natural methods.

The doer is responsible for using judgement and for ensuring the use of only food-grade safe ingredients. Do not do if: pregnant, potentially conceiving, any health conditions exist or are a worry, or social conditions or environments are a concern. In extreme and uncontrolled conditions it can become an adverse or potentially bad concern.

Precautions[edit]

Use caution, and observe the effects before continuing. Stop immediately if any concerns occur, and do not overdo.

Safety of each food, herb or phytoestrogen has to be researched on a case by case basis, and while one part of a plant may be edible another part may not be. Many phytoestrogens are considered safe. Other phytohormones may be considered safe while promoting unwanted effects: daidzein which is contained in phytoestrogenic legumes has the phytoandrogenic property of promoting unwanted body hair growth. Phytochemicals in foods like soy may increase the risk of estrogen positive cancers, but have a mixed result in other types of cancers and in cancer prevention. Some estrogenic or androgenic herbs could possibly interfere with oral contraceptives. Many estrogenic herbs are not safe to be taken during pregnancy, because some cause uterine contractions, and because phytochemicals may potentially be passed on to the child.

Zearalenone, known as ZEN or ZEA, and its derivatives are mycoestrogens associated with many herbal bust enhancement products. It is produced by toxic fungi within the genuses of Fusarium and Gibberella. Zearalenone is a mycotoxin that can stimulate the growth of breast cancer cells, increases the chance of estrogen dependent breast cancer, and reduces fertility.[2]

There is evidence that excessive red clover intake may cause permanent infertility,[3][4] either way, it is not useful here.

Genistein, an isoflavonoid, may increase the chances of estrogen dependent cancer. Soy may alternatively decrease the chances of estrogen negative cancer. Kava, which is not useful here, can easily cause severe liver damage. Tea tree oil is dangerous for internal consumption.

High levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) may cause premature menopause or poor ovarian reserve.* Be mindful of herbs like mints that raise FSH levels.

Human hormones are not to be supplemented, as this is dangerous. There exist synthetic estrogens, metalloestrogens and other estrogenic substances that most are extremely carcinogenic and toxic, and these are to be completely avoided. Only use food sources, and avoid anything synthetic.

This promotes feminine qualities, so it is not suitable for males. Testicular atrophy, which may increase the chances for aliments related to the male gonads would be a serious concern.

Also to note: concentrated foods or supplements, no matter how harmless, cause strenuous work for the liver.

Biology[edit]

The breast is largely composed of glandular tissue surrounded by adipose tissue.[5] This glandular tissue is made up of numerous milk producing lobules.[5] The endocrine system, including the pituitary gland, regulates mammary glands.[5]

areolar and mammary glands are of the exocrine system.

Mammary gland cells contain estrogen receptor alpha (ER-α), progesterone receptor (PR), and prolactin receptor (PrLR) proteins. Estradiol, progesterone and prolactin normally activate the respective receptors that cause breast growth.[6] Estrogens, and progestogens are different categories of sex hormones. Prolactin is another type of hormone that reduces estrogen.

Activation of ER-α causes elongation or horizontal growth of mammary duct cells.[6] PR, believed to be specific to Progesterone Receptor B (PRB),[7] activation causes side-branching of mammary gland cells.[6] Density, Areolar gland development, and gland lactation development are caused by prolactin receptor activation.[6]

Progesterone is associated with the luteal phase.

Most breast development occurs during the luteal phase, usually days 14 to 28, which is associated with high levels of progesterone and a lesser but significant amount of estrogen.[8] The luteal phase is signaled to start by luteinizing hormone (LH).

During the follicular phase, days 1 through 14, IGF-1 and prolactin are positively correlated with breast size.[8] Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) causes breast epithelial cell proliferation, and it may allow for breast size maintenance,[8] and growth. Some hormones may be necessary for keeping gains made during the luteal phase.

Estrogen is normally high during ovulation (between menstruation and the luteal phase) and causes breast growth.[9] Breast swelling during luteal phase is also growth,[9][8] and perhaps antagonists undo this action that is associated with water weight. Progestins may possibly be ER-α antagonists, and estrogens might be PRB antagonists. Certain receptor antagonisms might be necessary to lessen desensitization, due to up or down regulation. However, an overload of antagonisms may damage receptors, desensitizing them.

Food-grade phytoestrogen analogs may replicate these actions to further stimulate breast growth.

Androgens[edit]

Lower androgen levels are correlated with larger breast sizes, especially during the luteal phase,[8] as androgens block estrogen receptors.

LH raises testosterone levels, and LH is also correlated with high estrogen levels. Small amounts of androgens are necessary for normal function. Testosterone can be converted into estrogen via aromatase or DHT via 5-alpha-reducatase enzymes. Excessive DHT causes unwanted effects, while testosterone has minimal unwanted effects.

Phytohormones[edit]

Certain phytohormones work by binding to estrogen receptors in the mammary glands, or by influencing human hormone regulation or synthesis. It is possible that phytoestrogens may help prevent the breakdown of human hormones, thus reducing hormonal imbalances. Galactogogue herbs' actions may possibly be attributed to activation of mammary tissue receptors. Use phytoestrogen sources that prevent or fight cancer. Useful phytohormones: increase the duration of the luteal phase; have antiandrogenic properties; interact strongly with estrogen receptors ER-α, prolactin receptors or progesterone receptors; or have other hormone balancing properties. While the specific action of phytohormones upregulating ER-α or PR have been mostly tested on cancer cells, this upregulation allowed anti-cancer antagonist drugs to be more effective towards those receptors.[10]

Not all phytoestrogen sources are efficacious, for instance those that interact preferably with ER-β. Check the safety and safe doses of each herb. Safety information of many herbs can be found at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/herb_All.html

Only food-grade safe ingredients listed below. Generally, do not use herbal sources during pregnancy.

Causes breast growth[edit]

phytohormone source
(from genus)
notes information sheets
diosgenin fenugreek sprouts (Trigonella) Increases bud differentation.[11] Fenugreek seed sprouts contain more diosgenin than non-sprout fenugreek seeds.[1] Antitumor properties.[12] NIH
shatavarins common asparagus, shatavari (asparagus) Ayurvedic herb asparagus racemouses increased mammary and areolar tissues,[13] and this could possibly be due to PrlR activation. Anticancer properties.
8-prenylnaringenin hops (humulus) Activates ER-α,[14] and progesterone receptor.[15] Causes mammary cell proliferation.[15] Increases prolactin and IGF-1 levels.[15] Decreases LH and FSH.[15] Affects menstrual cycles. Most potent phytoestrogen known.[14] Reduces hot flashes.[14] Anticancer properties in human in vitro cells.[16] Hops upregulates or increases sensitivity of PR, and this specific effect was tested in cancer cell lines to increase the efficacy of anti cancer drugs.[17]
Fennel (Foeniculum) Increased weight of mammary glands.[11]

Antiandrogens[edit]

phytohormone source
(from genus)
notes information sheets
Ganoderiol F, Ganoderol B Red Reishi (Ganoderma) Reduces DHT.[18]
paeoniflorin White Peony (Paeonia) Lowers testosterone, while promoting estrogen.[18]
Raspberry leaf

Other[edit]

phytohormone source notes
ginsenosides -Rg, -Rb, -Rh ginseng (panax) Activates ER-α, and balances estrogenic hormones.[19] NIH
NIH
pinoresinol or lariciresinol brassica sprouts, rye sprouts, onion sprouts, strawberry Prolonged excessive intake of brassica could cause thyroid problems.* PMC
silymarin thistles galactogogue Medline
miroestrol kwao krua, kudzu (Pueraria) Legume family
genistein legume family Genistein upregulates or increases sensitivity of ER-α and PR,[17] (tested in cancer cells) increasing the potency of anti-cancer drugs.[10]

Possibly unsafe herbs[edit]

The following have safety considerations, and should be cautioned or avoided: lavender, tea tree oil, kava, red clover, pennyroyal, black cohosh.

Preparations[edit]

Ceramic Venus of Dolni Vestonice.png

Herb powders can be taken alone or mixed in to food or beverage directly. For a protein powder mix, mix one part rice and pea protein powder, one part shredded coconut, four parts unrefined raw sugar and one part mixed herbs together. Mix with water or a suitable drink. Whole herbs are also useful. They can be also be prepared as a tea or an extract.

Do not take lavender or tea tree oil internally. Thoroughly check the safety of other herbs before use.

Sprouts[edit]

Sprouts contain more phytohormones and bio-available nutrients than the rest of the plant. Not all sprouts are edible. Don't use seeds marketed for planting, because these may contain chemicals not made for consumption. Seeds should be washed before sprouting, the heated to kill bacteria after sprouting.

Extract[edit]

Pour herbs and food-grade grain alcohol into a brown glass container using a funnel. Grain alcohol of varying proof levels is suitable, because it can extract both water and fat soluble phytochemicals. Brown glass containers keep light from breaking down phytochemicals within it. If the bottle doesn't have a screw on cap of its own, a cork can be used. This bottle can be placed into a sock, and put in a dark place for two weeks. The extract can be poured off the top, when needed, while the solid mixture sinks to the bottom. This can be added to drinks or drunk as is.

An infusion can also be made, by putting a herbal ingredient in olive oil, and letting it sit for a week.

CO2 extracts and other essential oils of hops exist.

Topical[edit]

Massage with herbal phytoestrogens and olive oil may influence growth increase. Digestion blocks the absorption of some herbal substances. Then after that, they may get one pass through the body, before being converted or broken down into another form. The liver alters or breaks down 80 - 90% of substances that encounter it.[20] Alternatively, the amount by topical application to enter the body is unmatched compared to digestion.. The breakdown of substances by digestion or by the liver turns substances into forms that the body is familiar with, which can be either more or less effective. The question is whether topical application is more effective than digestion for the desired area.

Herbs can be roasted to dry, then ground up to form a powder.[21] Mix with olive oil to form a paste, and this can be used for application.[21] A combination of saw palmetto, hops, chasteberry, primrose, sprouted fenugreek seeds can be used.

Hopefully it would be a treatment for amazia and unilateral breasts in combination with herbal breast reduction. Massage with herbal phytoestrogens and olive oil may influence growth increase. Hopefully it would be a treatment for amazia and unilateral breasts in combination with herbal breast reduction.

Timing and dosage[edit]

The best time to use progesterone stimulating herbs is during the luteal phase.
Estradiol chart.

Different herbs have different effects by their hormonal properties that can be timed in accordance to the menstrual cycle. Using the above information, this is an attempt to find the optimal time to use which herbs.

Using spearmint and chasteberry (which both increase LH) together, might increase both estrogens and testosterone. LH raising herbs should be cautioned during ovulation, since it may raise egg release. Since hops increases prolactin and IGF-1 levels, it may be used during menstruation, when these two hormones are most effective. Hops and asparagus may also be used during the luteal phase. White peony promotes estrogen, so it is better to use during the transitional and luteal times. Fenugreek and kwao krua might be more effective during the luteal phase. Ginseng can be used any time to ease menstrual symptoms, and red reishi can be used anytime to reduce DHT.

Suggestion:

Time Dosage Herbs or Action
menstruation red reishi, ginseng, topical or tea of hops, milk thistle, massage
rest of follicular fenugreek, white peony, pueraria, reishi, asparagus
ovulation nothing
luteal phase fenugreek, asparagus, red reishi, kwao krua or kudzu, white peony, sparing chasteberry
during swelling
before and after sleep massage to increase prolactin, when prolactin levels normally peak.
  • dosage is important
  • Reminder: do not do when pregnant or potentially conceiving.

Nutrition[edit]

See also: Nutrition

Water hydration is important for health, and body efficiency. A multivitamin can help with improving overall body health. Vitamins do not need to be overdone. A womans' multivitamin, and food sources is more than adequate for mineral needs. Using individual mineral supplements can cause imbalances, and this is not suitable. Properly balanced calcium complexes with D vitamins can be an exception. Vitamins A, D, E, and B with C complex can be individually supplemented. Unlike minerals, vitamins have less risk of imbalancing, but deficiencies and overdoses can still occur. For vitamins: the Reference Daily Intake (RDI) on nutritional labels is the minimal for human survival. Optimum Daily Intake (ODI), Guideline Daily Amount (GDA) and Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) are designated for improved health. A B with C vitamin complex supplement and an antioxidant complex supplement are ideal. Melatonin is useful as a synergistic terminal antioxidant, and it is useful for improved rest during which growth occurs. Vitamin supplements with artificial colors or flavors are counterproductive to health. Protein powders should be heavily diluted in water.

Multivitamins have protective properties for women with breast cancer,[22] and it might also help with preventative measures. Fruit and vegetable intake is correlated to lower incidence of ER negative breast cancer.[23]

Calorie intake[edit]

Natural peanut butter, olive oil, soup, fruit juice or other staple foods can be used for supplementary calorie intake. Calorie intake, most necessary for mass, is necessary for any type of growth, and there are 7,700 kilocalories in a kilogram. The body's insulin is beneficial to this purpose. Macromastia occurs higher than 1.5 kg. Excessive aerobic physical activity has an effect on the amount of calories needed. Olive oil is the only or few vegetable oils safe to be taken by itself, but too much can cause temporary digestion problems. Whole foods are healthy unlike refined foods: especially avoid or limit chemically extracted vegetable oils, refined sugars, or foods. Peanut butter can be eaten out of a jar. Herbs in powder, tea or extract form can be mixed in with these foods or drinks. Eating sufficiently to have enough body fat is necessary for breast tissue gains.

Non-dietary considerations[edit]

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Breast development can still occur into adulthood.

Exercise[edit]

Core exercises can influence chest definition and appearance. This has no known direct effect on breast fatty tissue, except when there is lack of pectoral muscle that results in an abnormality in reduced breast tissue. Pectoral resistance training might help with this. Weight change may have an effect on breast tissue reduction or gain.

If back strain is an issue, resistance exercise and rest can strengthen back muscles so this won't be a concern.

Clothing[edit]

Back strain or other problems may be reduced by proper sized garments. About 7 out of 10 women don't wear the correct bra size,[24] and 8 out of 10 women wear the incorrect sports bra size.[25] Breast pain during exercise may be reduced by wearing the proper size sports bra.[26]

It is possible that tight fitting clothing may restrict breast shape and size.[5] A bra that is too tight, may promote sagging, because it restricts the growth of elastic tissue.[27] There might also be a relationship between wearing bras and sagging breasts.[27]

Physiological[edit]

Tissue damage may be a cause for an undeveloped breast, and may be an increased risk in breast cancer. Radiation therapy or physical trauma may cause one breast to remain undeveloped in comparison to the other. Herbal massage with olive oil with proper nutrition is a hopeful method for the underdeveloped breast, as the remaining tissue may regenerate.

Some abnormalities of reduced breast tissue are the result of a lack of pectoral muscle tissue, and one set of chest resistance training once a week can help with this.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Breast-Enlarging Herbs: A Bust?, Psychology Today, 2010, http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/all-about-sex/201010/breast-enlarging-herbs-bust 
  2. Whibley, Annette (December 8, 2011). "Women advised to avoid ZEN bust-enhancing supplements because of possible cancer risk". AAAS; Wiley-Blackwell. doi:10.1111/j.1742-1241.2011.02805.x. 
  3. Poluzzi et al (February 2014), "Phytoestrogens in Postmenopause: The State of the Art from a Chemical, Pharmacological and Regulatory Perspective", Current Medicinal Chemistry, doi:10.2174/09298673113206660297, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3963458/ 
  4. Rochester, Klasing, Millam (January 2009), "Dietary red clover (Trifolium pratense) induces oviduct growth and decreases ovary and testes growth in Japanese quail chicks", Reproductive Toxicology, doi:10.1016/j.reprotox.2008.11.056, PMID 19103282, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2858001/ 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Mammary gland". Encyclopedia Britannica. (2012).
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Brisken; Malley (December 2, 2010), Hormone Action in the Mammary Gland, Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol, doi:10.1101/cshperspect.a003178, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2982168/ 
  7. Hajirahimkhan, Dietz, Bolton (May 2013), "Botanical modulation of menopausal symptoms: Mechanisms of action?", Planta Medica, doi:10.1055/s-0032-1328187, PMC PMC3800090, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3800090/ 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 Jemström; Olsson (1997), "Breast Size in Relation to Endogenous Hormone Levels, Body Constitution, and Oral Contraceptive Use in Healthy Nulligravid Women Aged 19-25 Years", American Journal of Epidemiology (The John Hopkins University), http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/145/7/571.long 
  9. 9.0 9.1 Breast - premenstrual tenderness and swelling, A.D.A.M., May 2012, http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003153.htm 
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Epigenetic reactivation of estrogen receptor-α (ERα) by genistein enhances hormonal therapy sensitivity in ERα-negative breast cancer", Molecular Cancer, February 2013, doi:10.1186/1476-4598-12-9, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3577460/ 
  11. 11.0 11.1 Fugh-Berman MD, Adriane (2003), “Bust Enhancing” Herbal Products, 101, Elsevier, doi:10.1016/S0029-7844(03)00362-4, http://www.fugh-berman.com/files/Bust.pdf 
  12. Targeting Inflammatory Pathways by Triterpenoids for Prevention and Treatment of Cancer, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3153165/ 
  13. Goyal RK, Singh J, Lal H (2003). "Asparagus racemosus--an update". Indian J Med Sci 57 (9): 408-414. 
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Keiler; Zierau; Kretzschmar (2013). "Hop Extracts and Hop Substances in Treatment of Menopausal Complaints". Planta Medica 79 (7): 576–567. doi:10.1055/s-0032-1328330. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 In vivo estrogenic comparisons of Trifolium pratense (red clover) Humulus lupulus (hops), and the pure compounds isoxanthohumol and 8-prenylnaringenin, Chem Biol Interact, 2008, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2574795/#R26 
  16. "Hops (Humulus lupulus) inhibits Oxidative Estrogen Metabolism and Estrogen-Induced Malignant Transformation in Human Mammary Epithelial cells (MCF-10A)", Cancer Prev Res, 2013, doi:10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-11-0348, PMC PMC3252489, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3252489/ 
  17. 17.0 17.1 "Evaluation of estrogenic activity of plant extracts for the potential treatment of menopausal symptoms", Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, May 2001, doi:10.1021/jf0014157, PMID 11368622, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=11368622 
  18. 18.0 18.1 Summary of Effects of Plant Derived Anti-Androgens, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3693613/table/tbl2680/?report=objectonly 
  19. "Treatment with Panax Ginseng Antagonizes the Estrogen Decline in Ovariectomized Mice", International Journal of Molecular Sciences, May 2014, doi:10.3390/ijms15057827, http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/15/5/7827 
  20. MacKenna, Caitlin (October 6, 2007), Natural Breast Enlargement with Fenugreek, http://naturalremedysite.blogspot.com/2007/10/natural-breast-enlargement-with.html 
  21. 21.0 21.1 Perske, Sahar (October 13, 2013), How to make fenugreek paste for breast enlargement, http://www.fenugreekworld.com/how-to-make-fenugreek-paste-for-breast-enlargement/ 
  22. Multivitamins With Minerals May Protect Older Women With Invasive Breast Cancer, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, October 9, 2013, doi:10.1007/s10549-013-2712-x, http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131009105751.htm 
  23. "Vegetables, fruits and phytoestrogens in the prevention of diseases", Journal of Post Graduate Medicine, 2004, http://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn=0022-3859;year=2004;volume=50;issue=2;spage=145;epage=149;aulast=Heber 
  24. Scientists help develop new sports bra fitting service, University of Portsmouth, 2011, http://www.port.ac.uk/uopnews/2011/09/27/scientists-help-develop-new-sports-bra-fitting-service/ 
  25. Sports bras: Get fit for action, Los Angeles Times, 2013, http://articles.latimes.com/2013/jan/05/health/la-he-sports-bras-20130105 
  26. Breast pain issue for 1 in 3 female marathon runners, BMJ, 2013, http://medicalxpress.com/news/2013-04-breast-pain-issue-female-marathon.html 
  27. 27.0 27.1 Professor warns against tight bras, United Press International, April 9, 2008, http://phys.org/news126959097.html 

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