Noninvasive breast health and aesthetics/Vegan breast enlargement
This guide is for female natural breast enlargement using noninvasive vegan, including herbal, methods. This resource is for vegetarians and non-vegetarians alike. This resource covers herbal and similar uses, to show that animal or bovine extracts are unnecessary. Almost everything a person eats directly or indirectly comes from plants. This vegan method is to supplement an already existing diet for calorie intake. This promotes feminine qualities, so it is not suitable for males. Use caution, and observe the effects before continuing. Stop immediately if any concerns occur, and do not overdo. The doer is responsible for using judgement and for ensuring the use of only food-grade safe ingredients. Do not do if: pregnant, any health conditions exist or are a worry, or social conditions or environments are a concern. In extreme and uncontrolled conditions it can become an adverse or potentially bad concern.
Safety of each food, herb or phytoestrogen has to be researched on a case by case basis. Some phytoestrogens are considered safe, while some may be safe while promoting unwanted effects like unwanted body hair growth. Others, in foods like soy, may increase the risk of estrogen positive cancers. Many estrogenic herbs are not safe to be taken during pregnancy, because some cause uterine contractions.
Zearalenone, known as ZEN, and its derivatives are a class of xenoestrogens associated with many herbal bust enhancement products. Zearalenone, produced by a toxic fungus, is a mycoestrogen that stimulates the growth of breast cancer cells, increases the chance of estrogen dependent breast cancer, and may reduce fertility.
Genistein, an isoflavonoid, may increase the chances of estrogen dependent cancer. Soy may alternatively decrease the chances of estrogen negative cancer. Kava is a liver toxin. Tea tree oil is dangerous for internal consumption.
There exist synthetic estrogens, metalloestrogens and other estrogenic substances that are extremely carcinogenic and toxic, and these are to be completely avoided.
Also to note: concentrated foods, no matter how harmless, cause strenuous work for the liver.
The breast is largely composed of glandular tissue surrounded by adipose tissue. This glandular tissue is made up of numerous milk producing lobules. The endocrine system, including the pituitary gland, regulates mammary glands.
Estrogenic receptors 
- See also: w:Estrogen receptor
Mammary gland cells contain estrogen receptor alpha, progesterone receptor, and prolactin receptor proteins. Estradiol, progesterone and prolactin normally activate the respective receptors that cause breast growth. Food-grade phytoestrogen analogs may replicate these actions to further stimulate breast growth.
Prolactin and progesterone 
Prolactin and progesterone have influences on breast tissue. The luteal phase, and the hormone prolactin are of interest. Prolactin is indirectly responsible for progesterone, and is directly responsible for glandular tissue hypertrophy. When prolactin is coupled with a placental hormone, somatomammotropin, it causes milk production and secretion. The idea is for prolactin stimulation without milk secretion. Breast development occurs during the luteal or similar phase, and progesterone is present during this time. Different phytoestrogens may possibly be the building blocks of varying estrogenic compounds, or they may have a weak estrogenic effect themselves, as this seems unproven. Galactagogue herbs may have this prolactin like effect. There are estrogenic or phytoestrogenic compounds with different effects. In theory, the body makes the hormones necessary from phytochemicals and nutrients for the body to balance. Prolactin levels are highest at night or during rest.
Estradiol may have an effect on breast tissue. The body regulates estrogen, which is not supposed to be supplemented for this purpose.
Oxycotin and somatomammotropin 
Certain phytohormones may work by binding to estrogen receptors in the mammary glands, or by possibly influencing human hormone regulation or synthesis. It is possible that phytoestrogens may help prevent the breakdown of human hormones, thus reducing hormonal imbalances. Phytohormones that are lactogogues may possibly be mammary tissue receptive. Phytoestrogen sources that prevent or fight cancer are preferable.
|Potent phytohormone||Source||Analog to||Action||Notes||Safety|
|8-prenylnaringenin||Hops||Estradiol||Progesterone receptor and α receptor binding; causes mammary cell proliferation; Increases prolactin levels||Affects menstrual cycles. Most potent phytoestrogen known. About 1/10 as potent as 17β-estradiol. Anticancer||Skin irritation in humans. Toxic to dogs.|
|Diosgenin||Wild yam, Fenugreek||(possibly progesterone)||Estrogen like||can be converted to progesterone in a lab||Unknown effects if there is preexisting cancer |
|Silymarin||Thistles||Lactogogue. Estrogenic effect||Does not influence estrogenic hormones. Promotes milk flow.||Liver protectant Anticancer properties.
|Chasteberry||Lactogogue, menstrual||decrease sex drive||Known to be safe|
|Shatavarin I||Asparagus racemosus, Asparagus officinalis||Lactogogue||Blocks oxycotin activity||Known to be safe|
|Shatavarins II-IV||Asparagus||Anticancer||Known to be safe|
|Apigenin||Celery, Parsley, Capsicum pepper||Anticancer|
|Evening Primrose||used to relieve breast pain||Mild, safe|
|Saw Palmetto||Hormone balancing|||
|Lavender||implicated for breast growth in males||Not for internal consumption, toxic if taken internally|
|Tea Tree oil||implicated for breast growth in males||Not for internal consumption, toxic if taken internally|
|Miroestrol||Pueraria mirifica||Legume family|
Insignificant phytochemicals 
|Genistein||Legume family: Soy, Red clover, Fenugreek, Fennel, Pueraria mirifica||Most phytoestrogenic isoflavonoid. Less times estrogenic than 8-prenylnaringenin. Furthermore, interacts fractionally less with ER-α alpha than ER-β. May cause body hair growth.||Increases chances of estrogen positive cancer. Fenugreek is not to be used during pregnancy.|
|-||Kava||Used for anxiety and not for breast related purposes||Strong liver toxin, can cause liver damage. |
|-||Black cohosh||Menstrual. Completely different genus than Blue cohosh||Possibly a strong liver toxin, causes uterine contractions, safety is uncertain|
Activation of ER-α causes elongation or horizontal growth of mammary duct cells. Progesterone receptor activation causes side-branching of mammary gland cells. Density, areolar gland development, and gland lactation development are caused by prolactin receptor activation.
From the table the effects of 8-prenylnaringenin on estrogen receptors are shown. 8-prenylnaringenin directly stimulates ER-α and the progesterone receptor in the mammary glands. It also indirectly stimulates the prolactin receptor by causing an increase in prolactin. 8-prenylnaringenin stimulates the hormone receptors responsible for breast growth possibly in elongation, area, areola and density.
Phytoestrogen sources 
Asparagus and fruits among other foods have phytochemical properties that may be useful. Legumes (fabaceae) with high isoflavonoid content, such as soy, may provide unwanted estrogenic effects. Common foods may have limited effectiveness as they have significantly less phytoestrogens than herbs.
Chasteberry (vitex agnus-castus), thistles (cnicus benedictus), hops (Humulus lupulus), saw palmetto (Serenoa repens) and asparagus contain phytochemicals beneficial to breast health. Chasteberry, thistles and hops are phytoestrogenic, and have feminine effects. Saw palmetto and asparagus are useful for hormone balancing. Common asparagus (asparagus officinalis) is a suitable, but weaker substitue than Shatavari (asparagus racemous).
Thistles are a galactagogue. Hops has feminine properties and it has been known to cause breast growth. It may even be responsible for causing unwanted gynecomastia in males. Hops contains 8-prenylnaringenin which is a potent phytoestrogen. Chasteberry is known to have an effect on estrous cycles and prolactin.
Phytoestrogens are already available in foods, responsible for most hormonal properties. The body produces estrogens from phytoestrogens, either aquired from plant or animal sources. Small amounts of phytoestrogens help with hormonal deficits or imbalances. Use cautiously, and wait to observe any effects before continuing. Different herbs have different properties. Do not use any androgenic herbs or anything remotely potentially dangerous.
Water hydration is important for health, and body efficiency. A multivitamin can help with improving overall body health. Vitamins do not need to be overdone. A womans' multivitamin, and food sources is more than adequate for mineral needs. Using individual mineral supplements can cause imbalances, and this is not suitable. Properly balanced calcium complexes with D vitamins can be an exception. Vitamins A, D, E, and B with C complex can be individually supplemented. Unlike minerals, vitamins have less risk of imbalancing, but deficiencies and overdoses can still occur. For vitamins: the Reference Daily Intake (RDI) on nutritional labels is the minimal for human survival, and the Optimum Daily Intake (ODI) is designated for optimal health. A B with C vitamin complex supplement and an antioxidant complex supplement are ideal. Melatonin is useful as a synergistic terminal antioxidant, and it is useful for improved rest during which growth occurs. Vitamin supplements with artificial colors or flavors are counterproductive to health. Protein powders should be heavily diluted in water.
Calorie intake 
Natural peanut butter, olive oil, soup, fruit juice and chocolate can be used for supplementary calorie intake. Calorie intake, most necessary for mass, is necessary for any type of growth, and there are 7,700 kilocalories in a kilogram. Macromastia occurs higher than 1.5 kg. Excessive aerobic physical activity has an effect on the amount of calories needed. Olive oil is the only or few vegetable oils safe to be drank by itself. Whole foods are healthy unlike refined foods: especially avoid or limit chemically extracted vegetable oils, refined sugars, or foods. Peanut butter can be eaten out of a jar. Herbs in powder, tea or extract form can be mixed in with these foods.
Pour herbs and food-grade grain alcohol into a brown glass container using a funnel. Brown glass containers keep light from breaking down phytochemicals within it. If the bottle doesn't have a screw on cap of its own, a cork can be used. This bottle can be placed into a sock, and put in a dark place for two weeks. The extract can be poured off the top, when needed, while the solid mixture sinks to the bottom. This can be added to drinks or drunk as is.
An infusion can also be made, by putting a herbal ingredient in olive oil, and letting it sit for a week.
Aromatherapy extracts need to be diluted in olive oil or another carrier oil. One drop of this is very potent. This could potentially cause undesirable uncontrollable conditions, and it needs to be tested on a lab cell culture first for safety.
In a rice cooker or pot cook rice and any combination of dry soup mix, onions, quinoa, chopped potatoes and any other vegetables. Add olive oil and a small amount of vegetable broth or cubes. Add a sprinkle of combined phytoestrogenic herbs mentioned, plus any spices for taste. Once the rice is cooked, vegan broth or cubes can be mixed with the rice mix in a separate container.
Powder mix 
Concerns and non-nutritional 
Core exercises can influence chest definition and appearance. This has no known direct effect on breast fatty tissue. Weight change may have an effect on breast tissue reduction or gain.
If back strain is an issue, resistance exercise and rest can strengthen back muscles so this won't be a concern.
It is possible that tight fitting clothing may restrict breast shape and size.
Breast development can still occur into adulthood.
Macromastia and gigantomastia 
Macromastasia is a condition that does not require invasive medical intervention. Macromastia is a harmless condition. Gigantomastia is usually benign, except in extreme cases where growth is uncontrolled and lacerations may occur. Macromastia amount varies in proportion to body weight. It is excess of 600 grams of each breast where where macromastia occurs, and it is in excess of 1,000 grams of each breast where gigantomastia occurs.
Supporting evidence 
Breast size naturally changes over time, influenced by hormonal and fat composition levels.
Future approaches 
Pharmalogical approaches may one day completely replace surgical methods.
See also 
- Pazaiti, A.; Kontos, M.; Fentiman, I. S. (1 January 2012). "ZEN and the art of breast health maintenance". International Journal of Clinical Practice 66 (1): 28–36. doi:10.1111/j.1742-1241.2011.02805.x.
- "Mammary gland". Britannica 7: 752. (1993). University of Chicago. 0-85229-571-5. Retrieved on December 20, 2012.
- Brisken; Malley (December 2, 2010), Hormone Action in the Mammary Gland, Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol, doi:10.1101/cshperspect.a003178, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2982168/
- "Prolactin". Britannica 9: 726. (1993). University of Chicago. 0-85229-571-5. Retrieved on December 24, 2012.
- Stringer; Rowson; Williams (1989), Effect of raised serum prolactin on breast development, Journal of Anatomy, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1256452/pdf/janat00048-0245.pdf
- S. R. Milligan, J. C. Kalita, V. Pocock, V. Van De Kauter, J. F. Stevens, M. L. Deinzer, H. Rong and D. De Keukeleire (2000), "The Endocrine Activities of 8-Prenylnaringenin and Related Hop (Humulus lupulus L.) Flavonoids", Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 85 (12), doi:10.1210/jc.85.12.4912, http://jcem.endojournals.org/content/85/12/4912.full.pdf+html
- In vivo estrogenic comparisons of Trifolium pratense (red clover) Humulus lupulus (hops), and the pure compounds isoxanthohumol and 8-prenylnaringenin., http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2574795/#R26
- Wild yam, http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/natural/970.html
- “Silymarin”, a Promising Pharmacological Agent for Treatment of Diseases, Iran J Basic Med Sci, 2011
- Medicinal herbs: NTP extracts the facts., 107, Environmental Health Perspectives, 1999
- Carmichael A.R. (November 2007). "Can Vitex Agnus Castus be Used for the Treatment of Mastalgia? What is the Current Evidence?". doi:10.1093/ecam/nem074.
- Ancient-modern concordance in Ayurvedic plants: some examples., 107, Environmental Health Perspectives, 1999, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1566595/
- Goyal RK, Singh J, Lal H (2003). "Asparagus racemosus--an update". Indian J Med Sci 57 (9): 408-414.
- Evening Primrose, http://nccam.nih.gov/health/eveningprimrose
- Saw Palmetto, http://nccam.nih.gov/health/palmetto/ataglance.htm
- Overk et al. (August 10, 2005), "Comparison of the In Vitro Estrogenic Activities of Compounds from Hops (Humulus lupulus) and Red Clover (Trifolium pratense)", J Agric Food Chem, doi:10.1021/jf050448p, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1815392/
- Kava, http://nccam.nih.gov/health/kava
- Identification of a potent phytoestrogen in hops (Humulus lupulus L.) and beer, J Clin Endocrinol Metab., 1999 June, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10372741
- Awareness of Breast Developmental Anomalies: A Study in Jamasi, Ghana, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3192272/
- Oils 'make male breasts develop', BBC News, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/6318043.stm
- Prepubertal Gynecomastia Linked to Lavender and Tea Tree Oils, The New England Journal of Medicine, February 1, 2007, http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa064725#t=article
- Taylor, Cumming, Corenblum (January 31, 1981), Successful treatment of D-penicillamine-induced breast gigantism with danazol, Br Med J, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1504185/?page=2
- Wood, Cameron, Fitzgerald (March 13, 2008), Breast size, bra fit and thoracic pain in young women: a correlational study, doi:10.1186/1746-1340-16-1 PMCID: PMC2275741, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2275741/
Further reading 
Jernström; Olsson (1997), "Breast size in relation to endogenous hormone levels, body constitution, and oral contraceptive use in healthy nulligravid women aged 19-25 years", AM J Epidemiol, http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/145/7/571.long