User:Atcovi/Greek Gods and Goddesses
Based on Greek mythology that we are required to learn about....
|Greek God||Roman Name||Realm of Power||Symbols|
|Zeus||Jupiter||God of sky, lightning, thunder, law, order and justice||Lightning, bolt, eagle, bull, oak|
|Poseidon||Neptune||God of sea, horses, earthquakes, soil, storms||Trident, dolphins, horses, fish, bull|
|Hades||Pluto||God of the underworld, dead, the subterranean regions, death, darkness, the Earth, fertility, riches, mortality, afterlife and metals||Cerberus, cornucopia, sceptre, the Cypress, narcissus, keys, serpents|
|Apollo||Apollo Phoebus||God of music, poetry, art, oracles, archery, plague, medicine, sun, light and knowledge||Lyre, laurel wreath, python, raven, swan, bow and arrows|
|Ares||Mars||God of war||Sword, shield, spear, helmet, chariot, vultures, flaming torch, dog, boar|
|Hermes||Mercury||Messenger of the gods/God of trade, thieves, travelers, sports, athletes, border crossings, guide to the underworld||Talavia, caduceus, tortoise, lyre, rooster, Petasos (winged helmet)|
|Hephaestus||Vulcan||God of fire, forges, metal working, stone masonry, the art of sculptures, blacksmiths||Hammer, anvil, tongs, volcano|
|Dionysus||Bacchus||God of the vine, grape, harvest, winemaking, wine, ritual madness, religious ecstasy, and the atre||Thyrus, grapevine, leopard skin, panther, tiger, cheetah|
|Greek Goddess||Roman Name||Realm of Power||Symbols|
|Hera||Juno||Goddess of marriage, women, childbirth, and family||Pomegranate, diadem, peacock feather, cow, lily, lotus, cuckoo, panther, scepter, throne, lion|
|Hestia||Vesta||Goddess of Hearth, home, domesticity, family and the state||The hearth and its fire|
|Demeter||Ceres||Goddess of agriculture, harvest, fertility, and sacred law||Torch, bread, wheat, cornucopia|
|Aphrodite||Venus||Goddess of love, beauty and sexuality||Dolphin, rose, scallop shell, myrtle, dove, sparrow, girote, mirror and swan|
|Athena||Minerva||Goddess of wisdom, war and craft||Aegis, snakes, owls, olive trees, armour, helmets, spears, Gorgoneon.|
|Artemis||Dianna||Goddess of moon, the hunt, forests, hills and archery||Moon, bow, stages, hunting dog, arrows|
The purpose of mythology was to entertain, teach, and explain natural phenomenon. Our main concern in studying mythology is so we can understand and recognize allusions later on in literature. An "allusion" is a reference to a well-known story, historical-event, character, etc. Allusions commonly come from mythology, stories of the Bible, and pop culture.
Allusion example: If I said that I had the strength of Hercules, how many people would know what I was referring to?
Mythology--usually traditional stories of events that serve to unfold part of the worldview of a people or explain culture. Myths often involve divine, supernatural, and/or heroic characters [OR] a collection of fictional stories involving the actions of god, goddesses and other imaginary characters, intended to explain the unexplainable.
The practice of passing along stories, tales, and folklore by word of mouth. Oral tradition is responsible for many of the "inconsistencies" of ancient mythology.
Highly imaginative; contains elements not found in real life.
Many science fiction and fantasy books, movies and comic books are based on the style and manner of them myths.
Fictional stories loosely based upon real/historical people and events. Also known as "tall-tales"--rooted in facts, but stories have been changed over the years to make them more interesting/appealing.
A brief story, often containing animal characters that teach a lesson or moral. Fables deal with "useful truth".
Category of Myths
- Myths of creation: These explain the beginning of time, space, and man.
- Myths of explanation: These explain the great questions of the universe.
- Myths of morality: These teach lessons and reinforce cultural morality.