User:Atcovi/Greek Gods and Goddesses

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Based on Greek mythology that we are required to learn about....


Greek God Roman Name Realm of Power Symbols
Zeus Jupiter God of sky, lightning, thunder, law, order and justice Lightning, bolt, eagle, bull, oak
Poseidon Neptune God of sea, horses, earthquakes, soil, storms Trident, dolphins, horses, fish, bull
Hades Pluto God of the underworld, dead, the subterranean regions, death, darkness, the Earth, fertility, riches, mortality, afterlife and metals Cerberus, cornucopia, sceptre, the Cypress, narcissus, keys, serpents
Apollo Apollo Phoebus God of music, poetry, art, oracles, archery, plague, medicine, sun, light and knowledge Lyre, laurel wreath, python, raven, swan, bow and arrows
Ares Mars God of war Sword, shield, spear, helmet, chariot, vultures, flaming torch, dog, boar
Hermes Mercury Messenger of the gods/God of trade, thieves, travelers, sports, athletes, border crossings, guide to the underworld Talavia, caduceus, tortoise, lyre, rooster, Petasos (winged helmet)
Hephaestus Vulcan God of fire, forges, metal working, stone masonry, the art of sculptures, blacksmiths Hammer, anvil, tongs, volcano
Dionysus Bacchus God of the vine, grape, harvest, winemaking, wine, ritual madness, religious ecstasy, and the atre Thyrus, grapevine, leopard skin, panther, tiger, cheetah


Greek Goddess Roman Name Realm of Power Symbols
Hera Juno Goddess of marriage, women, childbirth, and family Pomegranate, diadem, peacock feather, cow, lily, lotus, cuckoo, panther, scepter, throne, lion
Hestia Vesta Goddess of Hearth, home, domesticity, family and the state The hearth and its fire
Demeter Ceres Goddess of agriculture, harvest, fertility, and sacred law Torch, bread, wheat, cornucopia
Aphrodite Venus Goddess of love, beauty and sexuality Dolphin, rose, scallop shell, myrtle, dove, sparrow, girote, mirror and swan
Athena Minerva Goddess of wisdom, war and craft Aegis, snakes, owls, olive trees, armour, helmets, spears, Gorgoneon.
Artemis Dianna Goddess of moon, the hunt, forests, hills and archery Moon, bow, stages, hunting dog, arrows


The purpose of mythology was to entertain, teach, and explain natural phenomenon. Our main concern in studying mythology is so we can understand and recognize allusions later on in literature. An "allusion" is a reference to a well-known story, historical-event, character, etc. Allusions commonly come from mythology, stories of the Bible, and pop culture.

Allusion example: If I said that I had the strength of Hercules, how many people would know what I was referring to?


Mythology--usually traditional stories of events that serve to unfold part of the worldview of a people or explain culture. Myths often involve divine, supernatural, and/or heroic characters [OR] a collection of fictional stories involving the actions of god, goddesses and other imaginary characters, intended to explain the unexplainable.

Oral Tradition[edit]

The practice of passing along stories, tales, and folklore by word of mouth. Oral tradition is responsible for many of the "inconsistencies" of ancient mythology.


Highly imaginative; contains elements not found in real life.

Many science fiction and fantasy books, movies and comic books are based on the style and manner of them myths.


Fictional stories loosely based upon real/historical people and events. Also known as "tall-tales"--rooted in facts, but stories have been changed over the years to make them more interesting/appealing.


A brief story, often containing animal characters that teach a lesson or moral. Fables deal with "useful truth".


-Scholars/poets who recorded Greek mythology.. people like Virgil, Homer, and Ovid.

Category of Myths[edit]

  • Myths of creation: These explain the beginning of time, space, and man.
  • Myths of explanation: These explain the great questions of the universe.
  • Myths of morality: These teach lessons and reinforce cultural morality.