User:Atcovi/Ancient Americas and Africa

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Americas[edit]

Maya Kingdom[edit]

The Chichen Itza, the model city for the Mayan Kingdom

The Mayan gov't consisted of city-states under a king.
They practiced a polytheistic religion, focusing on astrology.
The Maya lived in the modern-day countries of Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala, in the rainforests on the Yucatan Peninsula.
The model city for the Maya is the Chichen Itza.
Their economy was based on agriculture and trade.
The Maya invented calendars, had writing called glyphs, built large step-pyramids, developed the concept of zero and played a ball game.

Aztec Empire[edit]

The Aztec gov't was an empire
They practiced a polytheistic religion, focusing on war and human sacrifices
The Aztec lived in the modern-day country Mexico, with their capital, Tenochtitlan, built on islands in a lake in the middle of an arid valley
Their economy was based on local agriculture and collecting the tribute (tax) from the people they conquered
The Aztec invented calendars, built large step-pyramids, and created floating gardens called Chinampas.

Incan Empire[edit]

Macchu Picchu, the model city of the Incan Empire

The Incan gov't was an empire
They practiced a polytheistic religion, focusing on the sun
The Inca lived mostly in the modern-day countries of Peru and Chile, with their empire spanning the Andes Mountains, along the Pacific Coast.
Their capital city was Cuzco but the model city is Macchu Picchu.
Their economy was based on high altitude agriculture
The Inca did not have writing, but they used Quipu (colored strings to communicate), had terraced farming, and built impressive roads and bridges.

West Africa[edit]

Ghana (300 CE -1200 CE)[edit]

  • West Africa along Niger River
    • Trans-Saharan Trade (Gold for Salt)
    • Islamic influence
    • FALL: Ghana splits, and people scatter all around

Mali (1200 CE - 1500 CE)[edit]

  • West Africa along Niger River
    • Mansa Musa (1312-1332) - created army, routes, introduced Islam and created Timbuktu.
    • FALL: Songhai Empire

Songhai (1500 CE - 1600 CE)[edit]

  • West Africa along Niger River
    • Askia Muhammad - Strengthens Timbuktu. Divided the land into provinces.
    • FALL: Europeans

East Africa[edit]

Kush (2000 BCE-250 BCE)[edit]

Kush near the Nile
  • Southern part of Nile River
    • Limited use of the Nile River for trade- gold, ivory, timber.
    • Cities developed around caravan crossings.
    • Skilled in iron making production, like the Hittites
    • FALL: Invaded by Axum

Axum (200 BCE- 700 CE)[edit]

A church that was built in Axum-times
  • Along Red Sea, east of the Nile in the Ethiopian Highlands
    • Exported ivory, iron and Christianity
    • FALL: Muslim and Arab raids on ports

Zimbabwe (1000 CE - 1500 CE)[edit]

  • Between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers [Capital: Great Zimbabwe]
    • Imports - Indian cloth and Chinese porcelain
    • Exports - Gold, ivory, porcelain, iron
    • Used Lateen Sail to trade across Indian Ocean.
    • FALL: Europeans, wanting gold.