From Wikiversity
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Emblem of Israel.svg


Flag of Israel.svg
 Main Page Learn Hebrew Topics 
Welcome to the Hebrew Language Department !

Hebrew (/ˈhbr/) (עִבְרִית, Ivrit, (About this sound [ʔivˈʁit]  or (About this sound [ʕivˈɾit] ) is a West Semitic language of the Afroasiatic language family. Culturally, it is considered by Jews and other religious groups as the language of the Jewish people, although other Jewish languages had originated among diaspora Jews, and the Hebrew language was also used by non-Jewish groups, such as the ethnically related Samaritans.

Modern Hebrew is one of the two official languages of Israel, while Classical Hebrew is used for prayer or study in Jewish communities around the world. The language is attested from the 10th century BCE to the late Second Temple period, after which the language developed into Mishnaic Hebrew. Modern Hebrew is one of the official languages of Israel, along with Arabic.

Ancient Hebrew is also the liturgical tongue of the Samaritans, while modern Hebrew or Arabic is their vernacular, though today only about 700 Samaritans remain. As a foreign language it is studied mostly by Jews and students of Judaism and Israel, archaeologists and linguists specializing in the Middle East and its civilizations, by theologians, and in Christian seminaries.

The core of the Torah (the first five books of the Hebrew Bible), and most of the rest of the Hebrew Bible, is written in Classical Hebrew, and much of its present form is specifically the dialect of Biblical Hebrew that scholars believe flourished around the 6th century BCE.

Eliezer Ben-Yehuda at his desk in Jerusalem
Shlomo Narinsky, Eliezer_Ben-Yehuda, Jerusalem, 1912
 Getting started
 Technical information

The Hebrew Language Department coordinates and focuses studies on the Hebrew language. The division is composed of various sub-divisions and departments that each offer free and open-source courses. These courses are created and taught by volunteer teachers. Everyone is permitted and encouraged to teach and learn at the Center for Middle Eastern Studies. We hope this can be a place for many people to explore and appreciate the ancient and vibrant Hebrew language.

Still need help? If you still need help or have any questions, comments, ideas, or concerns, please visit the Hebrew Colloquium and start a discussion. The Center for Middle Eastern Studies is full of members who are more than eager to help you!

  • Other names: Israeli, Ivrit
  • Language family: Afro-Asiatic/Semitic/Canaanite languages
  • Standard form: Modern Hebrew
  • Writing system: Hebrew alphabet
  • Signed form: Signed Hebrew
  • Native to: Israel
  • Region: Land of Israel
  • Official in: Israel
  • Number of speakers: 9 million (Modern Hebrew)
  • Regulated by: Academy of the Hebrew Language
  • ISO 639-1: he
  • ISO 639-3: heb (Modern Hebrew)
  • English Wikipedia article about the language: Hebrew language
  • Ethnologue page about the language: Hebrew
  • There is a Hebrew version of Wikipedia
Hebrew(3 cats, 9 pgs)
Hebrew Student(4 pgs)
Hebrew Teacher(4 pgs)
Modern Hebrew(2 pgs)