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Universals is a lecture offering from the school of linguistics. It is also included in the semantics project.

Try this quiz to see if your native knowledge is already top-of-the-line or better. You are free to take this quiz at any time and as many times as you wish. It is part of Wikiversity's dedication to learning by doing.

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True or False, Universals may last for five thousand years.



Which of the following is likely to be true with respect to universals?

they come from an inward facing culture
they have been spread by conquest
universals are seldom spread at the point of a gun
universals are very spread out in all languages
they come from decentralized and democratized nations
they are spread by trade
they are not associated with a major religion
they are expressed in a flexible alphabetic system of writing that can encompass virtually any language


True or False, The relation between a universal and its expresser is a part of pragmatics.



An apparent sign that may be an expression of a thought is a?


True or False, A control group may be used in universals to demonstrate no effect or a standard effect versus a novel effort applied to a treatment group.



Which of the following is likely to be in a control group for assessing universals?

one or more relations
an accepted set of formats for signs
a liquid nitrogen dewar
an active speaker
a possible artifact
a wide temperature range for respondent stability


Yes or No, You are in the middle of an open field of beautifully colored, pleasantly smelling, edible wildflowers. You've just picked one and are now munching on it. You feel you are being watched. You gesture a universal that means "I won't hurt you, unless you try to hurt me." while turning around. Is pragmatics involved in your situation?



Complete the text:

Pragmatics is an approach to



True or False, A dominant group pushing universals differs from a control group in that it rules the treatment of the control group.



Evidence that demonstrates that a model or idea versus a control group is feasible with respect to universals is called a



Complete the text:

A short or

realization of a certain

or idea to

a treament's feasibility of universals is called a proof of



True or False, Pure universals involve no doing apart from themselves.



Complete the text:

A proof-of-concept structure, including a control group, consists of

, procedures, findings, and



True or False, The purpose of a treatment group for universals is to describe natural processes or phenomena for the first time relative to a control group.



  1. Using a universal phonetic symbol one or more words, expressions, or popular noises can be presented to produce pronunciation.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

{{Anthropology resources}}{{Humanities resources}}{{Linguistics resources}}{{Semantics resources}}{{Terminology resources}}