Trigonometric-parallax astronomy/Quiz

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VLA 90-cm wavelength image, adapted from LaRosa et al. (2000), with the locations of Sgr A*, Sgr B2, and J1745–2820 indicated. Credit: M. J. Reid, K. M. Menten, X. W. Zheng, A. Brunthaler, and Y. Xu.

Trigonometric-parallax astronomy is a lecture and an article about the using higher resolution detectors to measure stellar parallaxes. It is also a lecture as a possible part of the department of astronomy course on the principles of radiation astronomy.

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Quiz[edit]

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1 True or False, Distance measurement by parallax is a special case of the principle of triangulation.

TRUE
FALSE

2 Trigonometric parallax involves which of the following?

parsecs
reciprocal of parallax
arcseconds
apparent changes in position
lines of sight

3 Copernicus's theory provided a strikingly simple explanation for the apparent retrograde motions of the planets—namely as

displacements.

4 Radiation phenomena associated with trigonometric parallax are

gamma-ray trigonometric parallax distances < 0.4 kpc
X-ray trigonometric parallax distances good to 2 pc
ultraviolet trigonometric parallax is good to ± 7 pc
visual trigonometric parallax distances good to about 3 kpc
infrared trigonometric parallax with an accuracy of 120 µas
radio trigonometric parallax distances good at least to 1.86 kpc

5 Complete the text:

Trigonometric parallax measurements of pulsars are the reliable .

6 Complete the text:

Match up the type of trigonometric parallax with each of the possibilities below:
visual parallax - A
distribution function of the errors in distance - B
VLBA - C
Cygnus X-1 - D
pulse times of arrival - E
ultraviolet trigonometric parallax - F
optical annual parallax (HST) - G
continuum 'fixed' radio sources J1953+3537 and J1957+3338 .
Vela pulsar .
skewed due to non-linearity .
cloud top height .
Sgr B2M and Sgr B2N .
PSRs J1744−1134 and J1024−0719 detected at X-ray energies
χ Cyg 144 ± 25 pc (Stein 1991) .

7 Complete the text:

Match up the trigonometric parallax phenomena with the image:
stellar parallax motion - A
Very Long Baseline Array - B
radio continuum - C
Chandra X-ray Observatory spatial resolution HRC-I ~ 0.5 arcsec - D
WD 0346+246 has a trigonometric parallax measurement - E
Very Large Telescope - F
Proxima xray.jpg
.
Stellarparallax2.svg
.
FORS2 image of DE1520-44.jpg
.
Continuum Sources.jpg
.
SSPM J2231-7514.jpg
Sgr B2M.jpg
.

8 Which of the following is not related directly to an astronomical trigonometric parallax associated with Geminga?

optical trigonometric parallax
the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Observatory
measurements of radio pulsars
only available for the nearby pulsars
distance value of 0.25 +0.12 or −0.06 kpc

9 True or False, For larger and trigonometrically less reliable distances, use the Wilson-Bappu magnitudes.

TRUE
FALSE

10 Which of the following is not an astronomical trigonometric parallax or derived from it?

Hipparcos mission (ESA 1997), π = 15.15 ± 3.24 mas
independent observational constraint for DA white dwarfs
parallax distance of 357 +43 or −35 pc
angular diameter comparison
distance estimates
the range of an artificial satellite

Hypotheses[edit]

Main source: Hypotheses
  1. It is possible using X-ray trigonometric parallax to fix the position of the Sun.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

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