Criminal law is a later branch of law than the civil law. The main objective of the criminal law is to punish those who violate the rules set by the law and to seek justice. The punishment may include imprisonment, fine or corporal punishment in some cases. The criminal acts which are dealt in criminal law ranges from the misdemeanors (less severe criminal acts) to treason (high level crimes) including the felonies the contents of which are murders, robbery, arson, etc. The violators of the rules set by the law are dealt with in courts.
A court is a form of tribunal, often a governmental institution, with the authority to adjudicate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative matters in accordance with the rule of law. People being prosecuted can speak on their own behalf or hire a lawyer. All defendants are considered innocent, until proven guilty as a result of the unanimous decision of a jury or by the set decision of a judge.
Resources[edit | edit source]
Research[edit | edit source]
- Draft Homicide Bill
- Draft clauses on criminal law
- Offence of Murder: A Critic of the Law and Principles
- Evading Justice - Perjury as a related offence
- Perspectives on stolen property and unlawful possession