The Speedway League School/The Songwriter's Grooves Project - A Guide to Singing and Playing Guitar/Closed Triad Chord Scale
This project can always use more riffs from actual songs. Riffs from songs are the hooks that show people how to use the scales in actual music, and are a key link in the learning process. More is generally better. If you have suggestions or wish to offer your own work or links to other resources, feel free to edit the page or contact the curator Jon Michael Swift at firstname.lastname@example.org
- 1 9 Diatonic Chord Scales
- 2 Riffs From Popular Songs
- 3 Techniques for Using Closed Triads
- 4 Video Lessons
9 Diatonic Chord Scales
The most common triads are in the diatonic scales. That means that they are in the western major scale and its modes. You could make a chord scale out of any scale you use, but the diatonic chord scale is by far the most used, and it also contains shapes that are used in most other scales, so it's logical to start here. It's usually helpful to learn as many chord scales as you can, but every one you learn will open doors musically.
On a conventionally tuned guitar, (EADGBE) there are 9 chord scales for the diatonic scale. Three chord scales belong to each set of three consecutive strings. This is because there are three versions of each triad, one in which each note is in each possible position. On a bass guitar or another string instrument where all the strings have the same intervals between them, there are only 3 chord scales to learn because the shapes will be identical on each string; you'd only need to learn how to transpose for different keys and scales. On guitar, because of the major third interval between the 2nd and 3rd string, the chord scales for the 1-2-3 strings and the 2-3-4 strings are unique. The same shapes can be used for the 3-4-5 strings and the 4-5-6 strings because of the fact that there is the same interval between each string (a perfect 4th).
Riffs From Popular Songs
You can call me Al - Paul Simon
Sultans of Swing - Dire Straits
Tamacun - Rodrigo y Gabriela
Shut Up and Dance - Walk the Moon
Layla - Eric Clapton
Is This Love - Bob Marley
Bird Song Intro - Florence and the Machine
Only Want to Be With You - Hooty and the Blowfish
Wildfire - Michael Martin Murphy
7 Things - Miley Cyrus
Falling For You - Colbie Callait
Crazy Train - Black Sabbath
Get Lucky - Daft Punk ft. Pharell Williams
Leaves that are Green - Paul Simon
You’ve Got a Friend - Carol King
Jack and Diane - John Mellencamp
Helpless - John Mayer
Stairway to Heaven - Led Zeppelin
How do you like me now - Toby Keith
Romanza - Anonymous
Rude - Magic!
All of Me (Jazz Standard) - Gerald Marks and Seymour Simons
Autumn Leaves (Jazz Standard) - Joseph Kosma
Moondance - Van Morrison
Hitch a Ride - Boston
Jessica - The Allman Brothers
Riffs written for this series
Freedom Song - Jon Michael Swift
Scavenger Dance - Jon Michael Swift
Flying - Jon Michael Swift
Sepia Tone Photograph - Jon Michael Swift
Techniques for Using Closed Triads
Open string boxes
Hard to mention triads without this. If you can find open strings that create drones that support a particular key, you can often get some very pretty extended harmonies around playing triads within a chord scale. A lot of great stand-alone chords can also be found using this technique. See the Open String Boxes Series for more details.
Easy Strumming Patterns
Combining a simple strumming pattern with a good set of voicings can make good riffs easy to find. This techniques works extremely well with open string boxes, particularly the Open E Box.
Examples: No Such Thing, Only Want to Be With You, 7 Things, Falling For You, Wildfire, Stairway to Heaven, Jack and Diane
Choosing a fingerpicking pattern in the style you like can create a unique flavor. It's also easy to create hybrid styles by combining chords and picking patterns from dissimilar styles. You can just finger pick the triads and notes around them or you can combine this with the open string boxes to get some very exotic riffs.
Examples: Leaves That Are Green Outro, Romanza
Funky Strum Comping
particularly in Rock and Reggae, R & B and Funk. Using triads particularly in the upper register of the guitar with the right articulation can create a very tight and interesting accompaniment style. The trick is that you need to learn some different articulations like mutes, staccato (short notes), and more complex strumming patterns at higher speeds.
Example Songs - Crazy Train, most Bob Marley songs (Is This Love), Get Lucky, Rude,
Playing as arpeggios in melodic solos
This is a completely essential skill in Flamenco, Jazz, Classical, and Metal. It's a very classy, catchy, and grounding melodic technique to outline a triad and follow it with scalar motion. This is a very useful way to develop sensitivity to chord tones in an early stage of learning how to solo, but of course this technique still proves very useful when combined with advanced right hand techniques like sweeps and high-speed picking.
Examples: Tamacun, All of Me, Autumn Leaves, Bird Song Intro
Playing Notes Around the Triad
The triads themselves are quite useful, but they can feel restricting if you don't have a way you feel comfortable using them. Softer styles will often use consonant extensions of a triad to add color, while harder genres like Jazz, Blues and Metal use chromatic color notes. Jazz and Blues in particular use a riff called the sideslide quite a bit, where you essentially slide from chromatic neighbor notes above or below a target chord. In general, learning any chord system including closed triads or CAGED chords benefits from learning how to find notes just outside of the chord to add as melodic or harmonic extensions.
Examples - Kind-Hearted Woman, Shut Up and Dance
Playing the triads as a melodic voice
Because the triads move so quickly, they can move as fast as many vocal melodies do. Yet, since they have three notes, they sound like a rich 3 part harmony. Finding voicings that finger well together can let you write some very vocal-sounding riffs, particularly if you use hammer riffs in them.
Examples: How Do You Like Me Now?, Jack and Diane, Helpless, You Can Call Me Al
Fingerstyle Polyphony and Altered Bass Chords
Fingerstyle acoustic, R & B and Jazz will often use exotic chords with altered bass notes. Usually these result from contrapuntal (multi-voice) effects, but sometimes the chords will become a special class of 4+ note stand-alone chords.
Examples: Shower the People, You’ve Got a Friend (frankly, the whole Tapestry album by Carol King),
Refer to this video for more details about altered bass chords.
Justin Sandercoe's detailed explanation of basic 3 triad shapes - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e9O2oPzCmeo
Another detailed series explaining the basic triad inversions - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BvD1yoWfis4
Details of the theory and guitar shapes - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n8eHRaDr9U0
Nice-sounding melodic lick using triads - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=adVA2kRTyJk
Trufire Cyclical workouts for Triad Chord Scales - https://truefire.com/guitar-gym/triad-chord-scales-major/watch/v22970
another one https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yPVKW0X9naE
The vocab funnel - Riffs lead to scales and then become phrases within scales. Techniques multiply the sounds that can be made with each group